Open access

The entry explains the role of the social and solidarity economy (SSE) in addressing the problems faced by migrants and refugees, particularly in contexts of austerity and welfare retrenchment, xenophobia and populist politics. It also pays attention to enabling policy and creating an institutional environment for SSE in addressing the problems faced by refugees and migrants, and initiatives developed by refugees and migrants themselves to arrange SSE organizations and enterprises (SSEOEs) in host societies. The entry particularly pays attention to the comparative advantages that SSE has in providing services to migrants and refugees, and introduces three empirical cases.

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