Chapter 1 Barriers to innovation
Full access

The literature on innovation barriers is expanding from an output approach (barriers affecting innovation outputs) towards an input approach (barriers affecting innovation inputs) (Antonioli, Marzucchi, and Savona 2017; Arza and López 2021; de-Oliveira and Rodil-Marzábal 2019; De Fuentes, Santiago, and Temel 2020; Moraes Silva, Lucas, and Vonortas 2020; Zahler, Goya, and Caama-o 2018). In this short chapter, we sketch this novel understanding that innovation barriers play a moderation role over the effect of innovation determinants on company innovativeness. We first summarize innovation determinants relying on a long stream of literature addressing company propensity to innovate (OECD 2018) and then move into obstacles and policy implications.

Encyclopedia