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This chapter presents Article 12 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with the assistance to victims, one of the core obligations in the anti-trafficking framework. The provision requires access and availability for victims to a broad variety of services and underlines the importance of civil society service providers. It begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation covering for instance the unconditionality of assistance. The chapter closes with a conclusion.