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The global growth of cities leads to more residents, more businesses and more jobs. As a result, companies, workers, residents and visitors demand more goods and produce more waste. More space for logistics activities in and around cities is at odds to the growing need for accommodation for people living and working in cities. The Light Electric Freight Vehicle (LEFV) can be an innovative solution to deal with these challenges. LEFVs take up less road space, are zero-emission, and are less intrusive than vans in city logistics. This chapter deals with the success and failure factors of the introduction of LEFVs in city logistics and the related future perspectives on LEFVs in city logistics explained by the application of the TIS framework (Technological Innovation System). The chapter ends with a future perspective on LEFVs based on a SWOT-analysis in which the TIS -factors are positioned.