Chapter 2 Funding civil society research
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Questions of who pays for what kinds of research on civil society, why and with what effects - the stuff of knowledge politics - have been inadequately studied and remain largely unanswered. This chapter sketches some pointers. Following a brief retrospective look at earlier funding preferences, especially where endowed foundations and governments faced civic activism, it discusses research sponsorship in four settings: universities; outside universities; the aid-and-development industry; and statutory and regulatory bodies. It identifies knowledge deficits stemming from funders' preferences among a range of issues and constituent blocs in civil society. Given the formidable powers of research governors, especially in a contested field like civil society studies, the chapter concludes by signposting where and how scholarly light may be cast in these under-researched and under-theorized areas of knowledge.