Introduction to Contestation and Polarization in Global Governance
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Focusing on different issue areas as well as institutions at the global and regional level, the goal of this volume is to examine the contestation and polarization that has characterized global governance and, second, to focus more specifically on how the European Union (EU or Union) has responded to the various challenges confronting the liberal order at the domestic, regional, and international level. While there has been extensive commentary on how to maintain and strengthen the rules-based liberal order, our book focuses on understanding the limits of the international order across different issue areas as well as highlighting how the discourse and values inherent in these long-established political arrangements are facing a backlash. Some of these challenges arise from populist-nationalist movements within the EU itself, where we see attacks on some of the Union’s fundamental values and ideals. Other challenges are the product of rising geopolitical tensions which to an extent undermine the foundational values of the current international liberal order: national sovereignty, economic openness, and rules-based multilateralism.

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