Introduction to the Handbook of Economic Nationalism
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The Introduction to the Handbook discusses the problem of defining economic nationalism and proceeds to sketch the historical and theoretical contexts in which the concept has been used. The doctrine of economic nationalism was central in state led industrialization strategies in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In the age of neoliberalism since the 1980s, this "anti-nationalist" ideology was incorporated into the economic nationalisms of most countries in a variety of ways. The second decade of the twenty-first century saw the rise of far-right nationalisms around the world in the context of growing anti-globalization and anti-liberal sentiments. Like nationalism in general, economic nationalism is not so much a particular ideology as it is an expression and manifestion of national cultures and institutions confronting the challenges of their time and place. The Introduction provides a summary discussion of the twenty chapters in the Handbook.