Chapter 1 The militarization of the US-Mexico border in the twenty-first century and implications for human rights
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First of all Part I starts with the base of the book as the The Iconic US-Mexico Border Region. Dunn provides an overview of the history and conceptualization of militarization in US border enforcement efforts along the US-Mexico border since 2000, focusing primarily on immigration enforcement, and some attention to the human rights problems accompanying this. His main finding is that contemporary militarization is greater through greater presence of military troops, military equipment, and a much expanded para-military Border Patrol force. The human rights implications are manifold, including continually high border crossing deaths, widespread racial-ethnic profiling, denial of due process, and the use of increasingly widespread punitive detention measures. This constitutes an expanding, coercive form of organizational power directed against subordinate and vulnerable groups. Ultimately, for Dunn, human rights should retain a primary position, for although they are admittedly imperfect, they provide a more universal moral framework that is much less subject to the whims and destructive machinations of nation-states (and corporations) than are national laws (and corporate policies) and are more adaptable to diverse human agents and their struggles for dignity.