Chapter 2 Conceptual delimitations: the meaning of democracy beyond the state
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The chapter defines the concept of democracy to suite empirical and explanatory research on global and international politics. It demonstrates how democracy in the familiar sense of rule by the greatest number is helpful to achieve descriptive applicability in across contexts, e.g. democracy in constituted and constituent powers and within and across borders, and also to get a unified concept of democracy with intuitive and consistent implications for the meaning of majority rule, individual freedom, political equality, public deliberation, and border politics. Thinking of democracy in terms of rule by the greatest number is found to focus attention on a demanding yet widely applicable ideal-type supported by widespread principles and conceptual habits in politics and political science. The chapter concludes with a summary list of indicators of democracy beyond the state that will inform empirical research in later book parts.

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