Chapter 6 Rising powers and foreign policy strategies
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This chapter presents an empirical study of the capacity in democratism to subsume realism and liberalism in their application to explain the effects of anarchy on foreign policy behaviour as well as the effects of international power transitions on international security. Both outcomes (foreign policy and international security), the chapter hypothesises by reference to work in the earlier Chapter 4, depend at a more fundamental level on democracy beyond the state and how it varies across global and international political spaces. The analysis coves the rise of China to a dominant position in the global economy since the mid-1980s, and the foreign policies towards the US during and after the Cold War, respectively. The study finds support for the hypothesis in democratism and thus confirms the capacity of this theory to reconcile disagreements within realism on whether states balance or bandwagon, and disagreements between realists and liberals on the bellicose or potentially peaceful effects of international power transitions.

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