Chapter 7 Human rights and environmental protection
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This chapter tests the ability in democratism to explain international cooperation, pertaining to the creation of treaty-based formal institutions as well as the effectiveness of those institutions to solve pre-existing problems. The creation of international institutions is studied in relation to human rights protection, specially the creation of the International Criminal Court in 1998. The hypothesis in democratism, grounded in Chapter 3, is that an international institution with exceptional sovereign powers in the field of human rights, as with ICC, will be created by an international subject that is exceptional as well when it comes to international inclusiveness of social interests. The effectiveness dimension of international institutions is studied in environmental protection, by comparing international regimes to protect endangered species and the ozone layer, respectively. The hypothesis in democratism, also grounded in Chapter 3, is that higher levels of democracy will create a more effective institution. Both hypotheses are met with empirical support in the study.

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