Introduction: democratism in international studies
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The introduction presents democratism as a theory to explain global and international politics. It defines democracy as a rule by the greatest number and argues for the usefulness of that concept in theory and in practice. The more specific conception of democracy beyond the state is defined as a democracy constituted by people in more than one state, in contrast to domestic democracy which is constituted by the people of a single state. The chapter also compares democratism with realism, liberalism, Marxism and constructivism, and highlights what makes democratism special. A selection of ontological assumptions, causal mechanisms, and explanatory issues in democratism are presented, including peace and war, migration politics, and resource distribution. The chapter defends explicitly paradigm-based research to examine the explanatory power of democracy beyond the state and to strengthen the relevance of IR and political science in wider academic and political life.

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