Full access
Abramovitz, M. (1956), ‘Resources and output trends in the US since 1870’, American Economic Review, 46, 5–23.
Abramovitz, M. (1989), Thinking about Growth, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Abramovsky, L. and Griffith, R. (2006), ‘Outsourcing and offshoring of business services: How important is ICT?’, Journal of the European Economic Association, 4 (2–3), 594–601.
Acemoglu, D., Aghion, P., Bursztyn, L. and Hémous, D. (2012), ‘The environment and directed technical change’, American Economic Review, 102, 131–66.
Adams, J.D. (1990), ‘Fundamental stocks of knowledge and productivity growth’, Journal of Political Economy, 98, 673–702.
Adams, J. (2006), ‘Learning internal research and spillovers’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 15, 5–36.
Aghion, P., Dechezlepretre, A., Hémous, D., Martin, R. and Van Reenen, J. (2016), ‘Carbon taxes, path dependency, and directed technical change: Evidence from the auto industry’, Journal of Political Economy, 124, 52–104.
Aghion, P., David, P.A. and Foray, D. (2009), ‘Science, technology and innovation for economic growth: Linking policy research and practice in “STIG Systems”’, Research Policy, 38, 681–93.
Aghion, P. and Howitt, P. (1992), ‘A model of growth through creative destruction’, Econometrica, 60, 323–51.
Aghion, P. and Howitt, P. (1998), Endogenous Growth Theory, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Ahn, S. (2000), ‘Firm dynamics and productivity growth: A review of micro evidence from OECD countries’, OECD Economic Department WP 297.
Alchian, A. (1950), ‘Uncertainty evolution and economic theory’, Journal of Political Economy, 58, 211–21.
Amiti, M. and Wei, S. (2009), ‘Service offshoring and productivity: Evidence from the US’, World Economy, 32 (2), 203–20.
Anderson, P.W., Arrow, K.J. and Pines, D. (eds) (1988), The Economy as an Evolving Complex System, Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Angrist, J.D. and Pischke, J.S. (2008), Mostly Harmless Econometrics, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Antonelli, C. (1997), ‘The economics of path-dependence in industrial organization’, International Journal of Industrial Organization, 15, 643–75.
Antonelli, C. (1999), The Microdynamics of Technological Change, London: Routledge.
Antonelli, C. (2008), Localized Technological Change: Towards the Economics of Complexity, London: Routledge.
Antonelli, C. (2009), ‘The economics of innovation: From the classical legacies to the economics of complexity’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 18, 611–46.
Antonelli, C. (ed.) (2011), Handbook on the Economic Complexity of Technological Change, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 1–62.
Antonelli, C. (2013a), ‘Knowledge governance, pecuniary knowledge externalities and total factor productivity growth’, Economic Development Quarterly, 27, 62–70.
Antonelli, C. (2013b), ‘Compulsory licensing: The foundations of an institutional innovation’, WIPO Journal, 4, 157–74.
Antonelli, C. (2015a), ‘Innovation as a creative response: A reappraisal of the Schumpeterian legacy’, History of Economic Ideas, 23, 99–118.
Antonelli, C. (2015b), ‘The dynamics of knowledge governance’, in C. Antonelli and A. Link (eds), Handbook on the Economics of Knowledge, London: Routledge, pp. 232–62.
Antonelli, C. (2017a), ‘Endogenous innovation: The creative response’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 26 (8), 689–718.
Antonelli, C. (2017b), Endogenous Innovation: The Economics of an Emergent System Property, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Antonelli, C. and Colombelli, A. (2015a), ‘External and internal knowledge in the knowledge generation function’, Industry and Innovation, 22, 273–98.
Antonelli, C. and Colombelli, A. (2015b), ‘The knowledge cost function’, International Journal of Production Economics, 168, 290–302.
Antonelli, C. and David, P.A. (eds) (2016), The Economics of Knowledge and Knowledge Driven Economy, London: Routledge.
Antonelli, C. and Fassio, C. (2016), ‘The role of external knowledge(s) in the introduction of product and process innovations’, R&D Management, 46, 979–91.
Antonelli, C. and Ferraris, G. (2011), ‘Innovation as an emerging system property: An agent based model’, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 14 (2), DOI: 10.18564/jasss.1741.
Antonelli, C. and Ferraris, G. (2017a), ‘The Marshallian and Schumpeterian microfoundations of evolutionary complexity: An agent based simulation model’, in A. Pyka and U. Cantner (eds), Foundations of Economic Change: A Schumpeterian View on Behaviour, Interaction and Aggregate Outcomes, Heidelberg, Berlin and New York: Springer, pp. 461–500.
Antonelli, C. and Ferraris, G. (2017b), ‘The creative response and the endogenous dynamics of pecuniary knowledge externalities: An agent based simulation model’, Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination,
Antonelli, C. and Gehringer, A. (2016), ‘The cost of knowledge and productivity dynamics: An empirical investigation on a panel of OECD countries’, in A.N. Link and C. Antonelli (eds), Strategic Alliances: Leveraging Economic Growth and Development, London: Routledge, pp. 155–74.
Antonelli, C. and Scellato, G. (2011), ‘Out-of-equilibrium profit and innovation’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 20 (5), 405–21.
Antonelli, C. and Scellato, G. (2013), ‘Complexity and innovation: Social interactions and firm level productivity growth’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 23, 77–96.
Antonelli, C. and Scellato, G. (2015), ‘Firms size and directed technical change’, Small Business Economics, 44 (1), 207–18.
Antonelli, C., Barbiellini Amidei, F. and Fassio, C. (2014), ‘The mechanisms of knowledge governance: State owned corporations and Italian economic growth, 1950–1994’, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 31, 43–63.
Antonelli, C., Crespi, F. and Scellato, G. (2012), ‘Inside innovation persistence: New evidence from Italian micro-data’, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 23 (4), 341–53.
Antonelli, C., Crespi, F. and Scellato, G. (2013), ‘Internal and external factors in innovation persistence’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 22, 256–80.
Antonelli, C., Crespi, F. and Scellato, G. (2015), ‘Productivity growth persistence: Firm strategies, size and system properties’, Small Business Economics, 45 (1), 129–47.
Antonelli. C., Krafft, J. and Quatraro, F. (2010), ‘Recombinant knowledge and growth: The case of ICTs’, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 21, 50–69.
Antonelli, C, Patrucco, P.P. and Quatraro, F. (2011), ‘Productivity growth and pecuniary knowledge externalities: An empirical analysis of agglomeration economies in European regions’, Economic Geography, 87, 23–50.
Aoki, M. and Yoshikawa, H. (2002), ‘Demand saturation: Creation and economic growth’, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 48 (2), 127–54.
Arora, A. and Gambardella, A. (1990), ‘Complementarity and external linkages: The strategies of the large firms in biotechnology’, Journal of Industrial Economics, 38, 361–79.
Arrighetti, A., Landini, F. and Lasagni, A. (2014), ‘Intangible assets and firm heterogeneity: Evidence from Italy’, Research Policy, 43, 202–13.
Arrow, K.J. (1962), ‘Economic welfare and the allocation of resources for invention’, in R.R. Nelson [NBER] (ed.), The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp. 609–25.
Arrow, K.J. (1969), ‘Classificatory notes on the production and transmission of technical knowledge’, American Economic Review, 59, 29–35.
Arthur, W.B. (1989), ‘Positive feedbacks in the economy’, Scientific American, 262, 92–99.
Arthur, W.B. (2007), ‘Complexity and the economy’, in H. Hanusch and A. Pyka (eds), Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 1102–10.
Arthur, W.B. (2009), The Nature of Technology: What It Is and How It Evolves, New York: Free Press.
Arthur, W.B. (2014), Complexity and the Economy, New York: Oxford University Press.
Arthur, W.B., Durlauf, S.N. and Lane, D.A. (eds) (1997), The Economy As an Evolving Complex System II, Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Atkinson, A.B. and Stiglitz, J.E. (1969), ‘A new view of technological change’, Economic Journal, 79, 573–78.
Axtell, R. (2005), ‘The complexity of exchange’, Economic Journal, 115, F193–210.
Baily, M.N., Hulten, C. and Campbell, D. (1992), ‘Productivity dynamics in manufacturing plants’, Brooking Papers on Economic Activity: Microeconomics, 187–249.
Barabasi, L.A. (2010), Bursts: The Hidden Pattern behind Everything We Do, New York: Dutton.
Bartelsman, E. and Dhrymes, P. (1998), ‘Productivity dynamics: U.S. manufacturing plants 1972–1986’, Journal of Productivity Analysis, 9 (1), 5–34.
Bartelsman, E. and Doms, M. (2000), ‘Understanding productivity: Lessons from longitudinal microdata’, Journal of Economic Literature, 38 (3), 569–94.
Bartelsman, E., Haltiwanger, J. and Scarpetta, S. (2009), ‘Cross country differences in productivity: The role of allocation and selection’, NBER Working Paper 15490.
Bartelsman, E.J., Caballero, R.I. and Lyons, R.K (1994), ‘Customer-driven and supplier-driven externalities’, American Economic Review, 84, 1075–84.
Beaudry, C. and Breschi, S. (2003), ‘Are firms in clusters really more innovative?’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 12, 325–42.
Belenzon, S. (2012), ‘Cumulative innovation and market value: Evidence from patent citations’, Economic Journal, 122, 265–85.
Ben Hassine, H., Boudier, F. and Mathieu, C. (2017), ‘The two ways of FDI R&D spillovers: Evidence from the French manufacturing industry’, Applied Economics, 49, 2395–408.
Bergek, A., Berggren, C., Magnusson, T. and Hobday, M. (2013), ‘Technological discontinuities and the challenge for incumbent firms: Destruction, disruption or creative accumulation?’, Research Policy, 42, 1210–24.
Bianchi, M., Campo dall’Orto, S., Frattini, F. and Vercesi, P. (2010), ‘Enabling open innovation in small and medium-sized enterprises: How to find alternative applications for your technologies’, R&D Management, 40, 414–31.
Biatour, B. and Dumont, M. (2011), ‘The determinants of industry-level total factor productivity in Belgium’, Federal Planning Bureau Working Paper, 7–11.
Bischi, G.I., Dawid, H. and Kopel, M. (2003), ‘Gaining the competitive edge using internal and external spillovers: A dynamic analysis’, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 27, 2171–93.
Bloom, N. and Van Reenen, J. (2007), ‘Measuring and explaining management practices across firms and countries’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 122 (4), 1351–408.
Bloom, N. and Van Reenen, J. (2010), ‘Why do management practices differ across firms and countries?’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 24 (1), 203–24.
Blume, L.E. and Durlauf, S.N. (2005), The Economy As an Evolving Complex System III, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Blume, L.E. and Durlauf, S.N. (eds) (2001), Social Dynamics, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Bontempi, M. and Mairesse, J. (2008), ‘Intangible capital and productivity: An exploration on a panel of Italian manufacturing firms’, NBER Working Papers 14108.
Boschma, R.A. (2005), ‘Proximity and innovation: A critical assessment’, Regional Studies, 39, 61–74.
Bottazzi G., Secchi A. and Tamagni, F. (2008), ‘Productivity, profitability and financial performance’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 17, 711–51.
Bou, J.C. and Satorra, A. (2007), ‘The persistence of abnormal returns at industry and firm levels: Evidence from Spain’, Strategic Management Journal, 28, 707–22.
Breschi, S., Lissoni, F. and Malerba, F. (2003), ‘Knowledge relatedness in firm technological diversification’, Research Policy, 32, 69–97.
Bresnahan, T., Gambardella, A. and Saxenian, A. (2001), ‘Old economy inputs for new economy outputs: Cluster formation in the new Silicon Valleys’, Industrial Corporate Change, 10, 835–60.
Broedner, P., Kinkel, S. and Lay, G. (2009), ‘Productivity effects of outsourcing: New evidence on the strategic importance of vertical integration decisions’, International Journal of Operations and Production Management, 29 (2), 127–50.
Brynjolfsson, E. and Hitt, L.M. (2000), ‘Beyond computation: Information technology, organizational transformation and business performance’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14 (4), 23–48.
Caldari, K. (2015), ‘Marshall and complexity: A necessary balance between process and order’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 39, 1071–85.
Camagni, R. and Capello, R. (2013), ‘Regional innovation patterns and the EU regional policy reform: Toward smart innovation policies’, Growth and Change, 44 (2), 355–89.
Cameron, G., Proudman, J., and Redding, S. (2005), ‘Technological convergence, R&D, trade and productivity growth’, European Economic Review, 49, 775–807.
Cappelli, R., Czarnitzki, D. and Kornelius, K. (2014), ‘Sources of spillovers for imitation and innovation’, Research Policy, 43 (1), 115–20.
Cassiman, B. and Veugelers, R. (2006), ‘In search of complementarity in innovation strategy: Internal R&D and external knowledge acquisition’, Management Science, 52, 68–82.
Cefis, E. (2003), ‘Is there persistence in innovative activities?’, International Journal of Industrial Organization, 21, 489–515.
Cefis, E. and Orsenigo, L. (2001), ‘The persistence of innovative activities: A cross-countries and cross-sectors comparative analysis’, Research Policy, 30, 1139–58.
Chandler, A.D. (1977), The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business, Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Chandler, A.D. (1990), Scale and Scope: The Dynamics of Industrial Capitalism, Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Chesbrough, H. (2003), Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology, Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Chesbrough, H. and Crowther, A.K. (2006), ‘Beyond high tech: Early adopters of open innovation in other industries’, R&D Management, 36 (3), 229–36.
Chesbrough, H., Vanhaverbeke, W. and West, J. (2006), Open Innovation: Researching a New Paradigm, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cincera, M., De Clerq, P. and Maghe, V. (2014), ‘First typology of the national innovation systems in the 28 EU member states and in the 9 third countries covered by the ENIRI study’, ENIRI Project, Brussels.
Clausen, T., Pohjola, M., Sapprasert, K. and Verspagen B. (2012), ‘Innovation strategies as a source of persistent innovation’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 21, 553–85.
Coad, A. and Rao, R. (2006), ‘Innovation and market value: A quantile regression analysis’, Economics Bulletin, 15, 1–10.
Cohen, W.M. (2010), ‘Fifty years of empirical studies of innovative activity and performance’, in B.H. Hall and N. Rosenberg (eds), Handbook of the Economics of Innovation, Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 131–213.
Cohen, W.M. and Klepper, S. (1996), ‘A reprise of size and R&D’, Economic Journal, 106 (437), 25–51.
Cohen, W.M. and Levinthal, D.A. (1989), ‘Innovation and learning: The two faces of R&D’, Economic Journal, 99, 569–96.
Cohen, W.M. and Levinthal, D.A. (1990), ‘Absorptive capacity: A new perspective on learning and innovation’, Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, 128–52.
Colombelli, A. and von Tunzelmann, G.N. (2011), ‘The persistence of innovation and path dependence’, in C. Antonelli (ed.), Handbook on the Economic Complexity of Technological Change, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 105–20.
Colombelli, A., Foddi, M. and Paci, R. (2013a), ‘Scientific regions’, in R. Capello and C. Lenzi (eds), Territorial Patterns of Innovation: An Inquiry on the Knowledge Economy in European Regions, London: Routledge, pp. 43–69.
Colombelli, A., Krafft, J. and Quatraro, F. (2013b), ‘Properties of knowledge base and firm survival: Evidence from a sample of French manufacturing firms’, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 80, 1469–83.
Colombelli, A., Krafft, J. and Quatraro, F. (2014), ‘High growth firms and technological knowledge: Do gazelles follow exploration or exploitation strategies?’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 23 (1), 261–91.
Conte, A. and Vivarelli, M. (2005), ‘One or many knowledge production functions? Mapping innovative activity using microdata’, IZA DP No. 1878.
Corrado, C., Hulten, C. and Sichel, D. (2009), ‘Intangible capital and economic growth’, Review of Income and Wealth, 55 (3), 661–85.
Cowan, R. and Jonard, N. (2004), ‘Network structure and the diffusion of knowledge’, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 28, 1557–75.
Cowan, R., Jonard, N. and Zimmermann, J.B. (2006), ‘Evolving networks of inventors’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 16, 155–74.
Cowan, R., Jonard, N. and Zimmermann, J.B. (2007), ‘Bilateral collaboration and the emergence of networks’, Management Science, 53, 1051–67.
Crépon, B., Duguet, E. and Mairesse, J. (1998), ‘Research and development, innovation and productivity: An econometric analysis at the firm level’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 7 (2), 115–58.
Crespi, F. (2007), ‘IT services and productivity in European industries’, in H.L.M. Kox and L. Rubalcaba (eds), Business Services in European Economic Growth, London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Crespi, F. and Scellato, G. (2014), ‘Knowledge cumulability and path dependence in innovation persistence’, in C. Antonelli and A. Link (eds), The Routledge Handbook of the Economics of Knowledge, London: Routledge, pp. 116–34.
Cyert, R.M. and March, J.C. (1963), A Behavioral Theory of the Firm, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
D’Ignazio, A. and Giovannetti, E (2006), ‘From exogenous to endogenous economic networks: Internet applications’, Journal of Economic Survey, 20, 757–96.
Da Silva, M.A. (2014), ‘The knowledge multiplier’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 23 (7), 652–88.
Dahlander, L. and Gann, D.M. (2010), ‘How open is innovation?’, Research Policy, 39, 699–709.
Dasgupta, P. and Stiglitz, J. (1980), ‘Industrial structure and the nature of innovative activity’, Economic Journal, 90, 266–93.
David, P.A. (2007), ‘Path dependence: A foundational concept for historical social science’, Cliometrica: Journal of Historical Economics and Econometric History, 1, 91–114.
David, P.A. (1985), ‘Clio and the economics of QWERTY’, American Economic Review, 75, 332–37.
David, P.A. (1993), ‘Knowledge property and the system dynamics of technological change’, Proceedings of the World Bank Annual Conference on Development Economics, Washington, DC: World Bank.
David, P.A. and Keely, L. (2003), ‘The endogenous formation of scientific research coalitions’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 12, 93–116.
Dawid, H. (2006), ‘Agent-based models of innovation and technical change’, in L. Tesfatsion and K.L. Judd (eds), Handbook of Computational Economics, 2: Agent-Based Computational Economics, Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 1235–72.
Deschryvere M. (2014), ‘R&D, firm growth and the role of innovation persistence: An analysis of Finnish SMEs and large firms’, Small Business Economics, 43 (4), 767–85.
Dobusch, L. and Schüler, E. (2013), ‘Theorizing path dependence:   A review of positive feedback mechanisms in technology markets, regional clusters, and organizations’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 22, 617–47.
Di Stefano, G., Gambardella, A. and Verona, G. (2012), ‘Technology push and demand pull perspectives in innovation studies: Current findings and future research directions’, Research Policy, 41, 1283–95.
Dosi, G. (1982), ‘Technological paradigms and technological trajectories: A suggested interpretation of the determinants and directions of technical change’, Research Policy, 11, 147–62.
Dosi, G. (1997), ‘Opportunities, incentives and the collective patterns of technological change’, Economic Journal, 107 (444), 1530–47.
Dosi, G., Marsili, O., Orsenigo, L. and Salvatore, R. (1995), ‘Learning, market selection and the evolution of industrial structures’, Small Business Economics, 7 (6), 411–36.
Durlauf, S.N. (2005), ‘Complexity and empirical economics’, Economic Journal, 115, 225–43.
Ebersberger, B. and Herstad, S.J. (2011), ‘Product innovation and the complementarities of external interfaces’, European Management Review, 8, 117–35.
Engelsman, E.C. and van Raan, A.F.J. (1994), ‘A patent-based cartography of technology’, Research Policy, 23, 1–26.
Enkel, E., Gassman, O. and Chesbrough, H. (2009), ‘Open R&D and open innovation: Exploring the phenomenon’, R&D Management, 39, 331–41.
Erixon L. (2016), ‘Is firm renewal stimulated by negative shocks? The status of negative driving forces in Schumpeterian and Darwinian economics’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 40, 93–121.
Faems, D., De Visser, M., Andries, P. and Van Looy, B. (2010), ‘Technology alliance portfolios and financial performance: Value-enhancing and cost-increasing effects of open innovation’, Journal of Product Innovation Management, 27, 785–96.
Faggio, G., Salvanes, K.G. and Van Reenen, J. (2009), ‘The evolution of  inequality in productivity and wages: Panel data evidence’, LSE Working Paper.
Fassio, C. (2015), ‘How similar is innovation in German, Italian, and Spanish medium-technology sectors? Implications for the sectoral systems of innovation and distance-to-the-frontier perspectives’, Industry and Innovation, 22 (2) 102–25.
Feldman, M.A. (1999), ‘The new economics of innovation, spillovers and agglomeration: A review of empirical studies’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 8, 5–25.
Feldman, M.A. (2003), ‘The locational dynamics of the US biotech industry: Knowledge externalities and the anchor hypothesis’, Industry and Innovation, 10 (3), 311–29.
Fleming, L. (2001), ‘Recombinant uncertainty in technological search’, Management Science, 47 (1), 117–32.
Fleming, L. and Sorenson, O. (2001), ‘Technology as a complex adaptive system: Evidence from patent data’, Research Policy, 30, 1019–39.
Foster, J. (2005), ‘From simplistic to complex systems in economics’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 29, 873–92.
Foster, J. and Metcalfe, J.S. (2012), ‘Economic emergence: An evolutionary economic perspective’, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 82 (2), 420–32.
Foster, L., Haltiwanger, J. and Krizan, C.J. (2001), ‘Aggregate productivity growth: Lessons from microeconomic evidence’, in E. Dean, M.  Harper and C. Hulten (eds), New Developments in Productivity Analysis, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 303–72.
Fritsch, M. (2002), ‘Measuring the quality of regional innovation systems: A knowledge production function approach’, International Regional Science Review, 25, 86–101.
Furman, J.L., Porter, M.E. and Stern, S. (2002), ‘The determinants of national innovative capacity,’ Research Policy, 31, 899–933.
Galindo-Rueda, F. and Haskel, J. (2005), ‘Skills, workforce characteristics and firm-level productivity in England’, Report prepared for the Department of Trade and Industry, Department for Education and Skills, Office for National Statistics.
Gay, C., Latham, W. and Le Bas, C. (2008), ‘Collective knowledge, prolific inventors and the value of inventions: An empirical study of French, German and British patents in the US, 1975–1999’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 17, 5–22.
Gehringer A. (2011a), ‘Pecuniary knowledge externalities across European countries: Are there leading sectors?’, Industry and Innovation, 18 (4), 415–36.
Gehringer, A. (2011b), ‘Pecuniary knowledge externalities and innovation: Intersectoral linkages and their effects beyond technological spillovers’, Economics Innovation and New Technology, 20, 495–515.
Gehringer, A. (2012), ‘A new sectoral taxonomy based on pecuniary knowledge externalities: Knowledge interactions in a vertically integrated system’, Economic System Research, 24, 35–55.
Gehringer, A. (2013), ‘Financial liberalization, growth, productivity and capital accumulation: The case of European integration’, International Review of Economics and Finance, 25, 291–309.
Gehringer, A., Martínez-Zarzoso, I. and Nowak-Lehmann Danzinger, F. (2016a), ‘TFP estimation and productivity drivers in the European Union’, CEGE Discussion Paper 189.
Gehringer, A., Martínez-Zarzoso, I. and Nowak-Lehmann Danzinger, F. (2016b), ‘What are the drivers of total factor productivity in the European Union?’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 25 (4) 406–34.
Geroski, P., Kretschmer, T. and Walters, C. (2009), ‘Corporate productivity growth: Leaders and laggards’, Economic Enquiry, 47 (1), 1–17.
Geroski, P., Lazarova, S., Urga, G. and Walters, C.F. (2003), ‘Are difference in firm size transitory or permanent?’, Journal of Applied Econometrics, 18, 47–59.
Giannangeli, S. and Gomez-Salvador, R. (2008), ‘Evolution and sources of manufacturing productivity growth: Evidence from a panel of European Countries’, European Central Bank: Working Paper Series.
Gilley, K. and Rasheed, A. (2000), ‘Making more by doing less: An analysis of outsourcing and its effects on firm performance’, Journal of Management, 26 (4), 763–90.
Gomulka, S. (1970), ‘Extensions of “the golden rule of research” of Phelps’, Review of Economic Studies, 37, 73–93.
Goya, E., Vayá, E. and Suriñach, J. (2013), ‘Do spillovers matter? CDM model estimates for Spain using panel data’, SEARCH WP 4/28.
Griffith, R., Harrison, R. and Van Reenen, J. (2006a), ‘How special is the special relationship? Using the impact of U.S. R&D spillovers on U.K. firms as a test of technology sourcing’, American Economic Review, 96, 1859–75.
Griffith, R., Huergo, E., Mairesse, J. and Peters, B. (2006b), ‘Innovation and productivity across four European countries’, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 22 (4), 483–98.
Griffith, R., Redding, S. and Van Reenan, J. (2003), ‘R&D and absorptive capacity: Theory and empirical evidence’, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 105 (1), 99–118.
Griliches, Z. (1979), ‘Issues in assessing the contribution of research and development to productivity growth’, Bell Journal of Economics, 10 (1), 92–116.
Griliches, Z. (1990), ‘Patent statistics as economic indicators: A survey’, Journal of Economic Literature, 28, 1661–707.
Griliches, Z. (1992), ‘The search for R&D spillovers’, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 94 (Supplement), 29–47.
Griliches, Z. (ed.) (1984), R&D Patents and Productivity, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Grillitsch, M., Tödtling, F. and Höglinger, C. (2013), ‘Variety in knowledge sourcing, geography and innovation: Evidence from the ICT sector in Austria’, Papers in Regional Science, 94, 25–43.
Grimpe, C. and Kaiser, U. (2010), ‘Balancing internal and external knowledge acquisition: The gains and pains from R&D outsourcing’, Journal of Management Studies, 47 (8), 1483–509.
Grossman, G. and Helpman, E. (1991), Innovation and Growth in the Global Economy, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Grossman, G. and Helpman, E. (2005), ‘Outsourcing in a global economy’, Review of Economic Studies, 72 (250), 135–59.
Guiso, L. and Schivardi, F. (2007), ‘Spillovers in industrial districts’, Economic Journal, 117 (516), 68–93.
Gunday, G., Ulusoy, G., Kilic, K. and Alpkan, L. (2011), ‘Effects of innovation types on firm performance’, International Journal of Production Economics, 133 (2), 662–76.
Hall, B.H. and Mairesse, J. (1995), ‘Exploring the relationship between R&D and productivity in French manufacturing firms’, Journal of Econometrics, 65, 263–93.
Hall, B.H., Jaffe, A.B. and Trajtenberg, M. (2005), ‘Market value and patent citations’, Rand Journal of Economics, 36, 16–38.
Harison, E. (2008), ‘Intellectual property rights in a knowledge-based economy: A new frame-of-analysis’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 17, 377–400.
Harper, D.A. and Lewis, P. (2012), ‘New perspectives on emergence in economics’, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 82, 329–37.
Heckman, J.J. (1981), ‘The incidental parameters problem and the problem of initial conditions in estimating a discrete time-discrete data stochastic process’, in C.F. Manski and D. McFadden (eds), Structural Analysis of Discrete Data with Econometric Applications, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 179–95.
Henrekson, M. and Johansson, D. (2010), ‘Gazelles as job creators: A survey and interpretation of the evidence’, Small Business Economics, 35, 227–44.
Heshmati, A. (2003), ‘Productivity growth, efficiency and outsourcing in manufacturing and service industries’, Journal of Economic Surveys, 17 (1), 79–112.
Hölzl, W. (2009), ‘Is the R&D behaviour of fast-growing SMEs different? Evidence from CIS III data for 16 countries’, Small Business Economics, 33 (1), 59–75.
Howells, J., Gagliardi, D. and Malik, K. (2008), ‘The growth and management of R&D outsourcing: Evidence from UK pharmaceuticals’, R&D Management, 38, 205–19.
Ilmakunnas, P., Maliranta, M., and Vainiomäki, J. (2004), ‘The roles of employer and employee characteristics for plant productivity’, Journal of Productivity Analysis, 21 (3), 249–76.
Ito, K. and Lechevalier, S. (2010), ‘Why some firms persistently outperform others: Investigating the interactions between innovation and exporting strategies’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 19, 1997–2039.
Iwai, K. (1984), ‘Schumpeterian dynamics: An evolutionary model of innovation and imitation’, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 5 (2), 159–90.
Iwai, K. (2000), ‘A contribution to the evolutionary theory of innovation, imitation and growth’, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 43, 167–98.
Jaffe, A. (1986), ‘Technological opportunity and spillovers of R&D: Evidence from firms’ patents, profits, and market value’, American Economic Review, 76 (5), 984–1001.
Jaffe, A. (1989), ‘Real effects of academic research’, American Economic Review, 79 (5), 957–70.
Johansson, B. and Lööf, H. (2008), ‘Innovation activities explained by firm attributes and location’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 16, 533–52.
Johansson, B., Lööf, H. (2014), ‘R&D strategy, metropolitan externalities and productivity: Evidence from Sweden’, Industry and Innovation, 21, 141–54.
Johansson, B., Lööf, H. (2015), ‘Innovation strategies combining internal  and external knowledge’, in C. Antonelli and A. Link (eds), Handbook of the Economics of Knowledge, London: Routledge, pp. 29–52.
Jones, C.I. (1995), ‘R&D based models of economic growth’, Journal of Political Economy, 103, 759–84.
Kim, J. and Chang-Yang, L. (2011), ‘Technological regimes and the persistence of first-mover advantages’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 20, 1305–33.
Kirman, A. (1997), ‘The economy as an evolving network’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 7, 339–53.
Kirman, A. (2011), ‘Learning in agent-based models’, Eastern Economic Journal, 37 (1), 20–27.
Kirman, A. (2016), ‘Complexity and economic policy: A paradigm shift or a change in perspective? A review essay on David Colander and Roland Kupers’s complexity and the art of public policy’, Journal of Economic Literature, 54 (2), 534–72.
Knudsen, M.P. and Mortensen, T.B. (2011), ‘Some immediate – but negative – effects of openness on product development performance’, Technovation, 31, 54–64.
Krafft, J., Quatraro, F. and Saviotti, P.P. (2009), ‘The evolution of the knowledge base in biotechnology: Social network analysis of biotechnology’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 20, 445–75.
Krafft, J., Quatraro, F. and Saviotti, P.P. (2014), ‘Knowledge characteristics and the dynamics of technological alliances in pharmaceuticals: Empirical evidence from Europe, US and Japan’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 24 (3), 587–622.
Krugman, P. (1994), ‘Complex landscapes in economic geography’, American Economic Review, 84, 412–17.
Krugman, P. (1995), Development Geography and Economic Theory, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Kuznets, S. (1971), Economic Growth of Nations: Total Output and Production Structure, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Laitner, J. and Stolyarov, D. (2013), ‘Derivative ideas and the value of intangible assets’, International Economic Review, 54 (1) 59–95.
Lane, D.A. (2002), ‘Complexity and local interactions: Towards a theory of industrial districts’, in A. Quadrio Curzio and M. Fortis (eds), Complexity and Industrial Clusters: Dynamics and Models in Theory  and Practice, Heidelberg and New York: Physica-Verlag, pp. 65–82.
Lane, D.A. and Maxfield, R. (1997), ‘Foresight complexity and strategy’, in W.B Arthur, S.N. Durlauf and D.A. Lane (eds), The Economy As an Evolving Complex System II, Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, pp. 169–98.
Lane, D.A., Pumain, D., Leeuw, S.E. and West, G. (eds) (2009), Complexity Perspectives in Innovation and Social Change, Berlin: Springer.
Laursen, K. and Salter, A. (2006), ‘Open for innovation: The role of openness in explaining innovation performance among UK manufacturing firms’, Strategic Management Journal, 24, 131–50.
Lazonick, W. (1993), ‘Learning and the dynamics of international competitive advantage’, in R. Thomson (ed.), Learning and Technological Change, New York: St. Martin’s, pp. 172–97.
Lazonick, W. (2007), ‘Varieties of capitalism and innovative enterprise’, Comparative Social Research, 24, 21–69.
Le Bas, C. and Scellato, G. (2014), ‘Firm innovation persistence: A fresh look at the framework of analysis’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 23 (5–6), 423–46.
Lee, K.B. and Wong, V. (2011), ‘Identifying the moderating influences of external environments on new product development process’, Technovation, 31, 598–612.
Leibenstein, H. (1976), Beyond Economic Man: A New Foundation for Microeconomics, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Levinthal, D.A. (1997), ‘Adaptation on rugged landscapes’, Management Science, 43 (7), 934–50.
Levit, G., Hossfeld, U. and Witt, U. (2011), ‘Can Darwinism be “generalized” and of what use would this be?’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 21, 545–62.
Lhuillery, S. (2011), ‘Absorptive capacity, efficiency effect and competitors spillovers’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 21, 649–63.
Li-Ying, J., Wang, Y. and Salomo, S. (2013), ‘An inquiry on dimensions of external technology search and their influence on technological innovation: Evidence from Chinese firms’, R&D Management, 44, 53–74.
Lin, C., Wu, Y.-J., Chang, C., Wang, W. and Lee, C.-Y. (2012), ‘The alliance innovation performance of R&D alliances: The absorptive capacity perspective’, Technovation 32, 282–92.
Link, A.N. (1980), ‘Firm size and efficient entrepreneurial activity: A reformulation of the Schumpeter hypothesis’, Journal of Political Economy, 88, 771–82.
Link, A. and Siegel, D. (2007), Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and Technological Change, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Loasby, B.J. (2010), ‘Capabilities and strategy: Problems and prospects’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 19, 1301–16.
Lokshin, B., Belderbos, R. and Carree, M. (2008), ‘The productivity effects of internal and external R&D: Evidence from a dynamic panel data model’, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 70 (3), 399–413.
Lööf, H. and Heshmati, A. (2002), ‘Knowledge capital and performance heterogeneity: A firm-level innovation study’, International Journal of Production Economics, 76 (1), 61–85.
López, R.A. (2005), ‘Trade and growth: reconciling the macroeconomic and microeconomic evidence’, Journal of Economic Surveys, 19, 623–48.
Lopez-Garcia, P. and Puente, S. (2012), ‘What makes a high growth firm? A dynamic probit analysis using Spanish firm-level data’, Small Business Economics, 39, 1029–41.
Lorentz, A., Ciarli, T., Savona, M. and Valente, M. (2016), ‘The effect of demand driven structural transformation on growth and technological change’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 26, 219–46.
Love, J.H. and Roper, S. (2009), ‘Organizing the innovation process: Complementarities in innovation networking’, Industry and Innovation, 16, 273–90.
Lucas, R.E. (1998), ‘On the mechanisms of economic development’, Journal of Monetary Economics, 22, 3–42.
Lucas, R.E. (2008), ‘Ideas and growth’, Economica, 76, 1–19.
Lundvall, B. (1988), ‘Innovation as an interactive process: From user–producer interaction to the national system of innovation’, in G. Dosi et al. (eds), Technical Change and Economic Theory, London: Frances Pinter, pp. 349–69.
Malerba, F., Orsenigo, L. and Petretto, P. (1997), ‘Persistence of innovative activities sectoral patters of innovation and international technological specialization’, International Journal of Industrial Organization, 15, 801–26.
Malerba, F., Nelson, R.R., Orsenigo, L. and Winter, S.G. (2001), ‘Historyfriendly models: An overview of the case of the computer industry’, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 4 (3),
Máñez, J., Rochina-Barrachina M. and Sanchis-Llopis, A. (2014), ‘The determinants of R&D persistence in SMEs’, Small Business Economics, 44 (3) 505–28.
Marrocu, E., Paci, R. and Pontis, M. (2012), ‘Intangible capital and firms’ productivity’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 21 (2), 377–402.
Mansfield, E., Schwartz, M. and Wagner, S. (1981), ‘Imitation costs and patents: An empirical study’, Economic Journal, 91 (364), 907–18.
March, J.C. (1988), ‘Bounded rationality ambiguity and the engineering of choice’, in D.E. Bell, H. Raiffa and A. Tversky (eds), Decision Making: Descriptive, Normative, and Prescriptive Interactions, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
March, J.C. (1991), ‘Exploration and exploitation in organizing learning’, Organization Science, 2, 71–87.
March, J.C. and Simon, H.A. (1958), Organizations, New York: Wiley.
Marrocu, E., Paci, R.and Pontis, M. (2012), ‘Intangible capital and firms’ productivity’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 21 (2), 377–402.
Marshall, A. (1920 [1890]), Principles of Economics, 8th edition, London: Macmillan.
Martin, R. and Sunley, P. (2012), ‘Forms of emergence and the evolution of economic landscapes’, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 82, 338–51.
McEvily, S.K. and Chakravarthy, B. (2002), ‘The persistence of knowledge-based advantage: an empirical test for product performance and technological knowledge’, Strategic Management Journal, 23 (4), 285–305.
McGahan, A.M. and Silverman, B.S. (2006), ‘Profiting from technological innovation by others: The effect of competitor patenting on firm value’, Research Policy, 35 (8) 1222–42.
Merino, F. and Rodríguez, D. (2007), ‘Business services outsourcing by manufacturing firms’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 16 (6), 1147–73.
Metcalfe, J.S. (1998), Evolutionary Economics and Creative Destruction, London: Routledge.
Metcalfe, J.S. (2002), ‘Knowledge of growth and the growth of knowledge’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 12, 3–16.
Metcalfe, J.S. (2007a), ‘The broken thread: Marshall, Schumpeter and Hayek on the evolution of capitalism’, ESRC Centre for Research on Innovation and Competition, University of Manchester.
Metcalfe, J.S. (2007b), ‘Alfred Marshall’s Mecca: Reconciling the theories of value and development’, Economic Record, 83, S1–22.
Metcalfe, J.S. (2009a), ‘On Marshallian evolutionary dynamics, entry and exit’, in J. Vint, J.S. Metcalfe, H.D. Kurz, N. Salvadori and P.A. Samuelson (eds), Economic Theory and Economic Thought: Essays in Honour of Ian Steedman, London: Routledge, pp. 350–73.
Metcalfe, J.S. (2009b), ‘Marshall and Schumpeter: Evolution and the institutions of capitalism’, in A. Pyka, U. Cantner, A. Greiner and T. Kuhn (eds), Recent Advances in Neo-Schumpeterian Economics: Essays in Honour of Horst Hanusch, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 53–77.
Metcalfe, J.S. (2013), ‘Management and the representative firm: The modern significance of the Marshall’s evolutionary economics’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 22, 222–37.
Miller, J.H. and Page, S.E. (2007), Complex Adaptive Systems, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Mohnen, P. and Hall, B.H. (2013), ‘Innovation and productivity: An update’, Eurasian Business Review, 3 (1), 47–65.
Mokyr, J. (1990a), ‘Punctuated equilibria and technological progress’, American Economic Review, 80 (2), 350–54.
Mokyr, J. (1990b), The Lever of Riches, New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mortara, L. and Minshall, T. (2011), ‘How do large multinational companies implement open innovation?’, Technovation, 31, 586–97.
Mueller, M. and Pyka, A. (2016), ‘Economic behaviour and agent-based modelling’, in R. Frantz, S. Chen, S.-H., K. Dopfer, F. Heukelom and S. Mousavi (eds), Routledge Handbook of Behavioral Economics, London: Routledge, pp. 405–15.
Napoletano, M., Dosi, G., Fagiolo, G. and Roventini, A. (2012), ‘Wage formation investment behavior and growth regimes: An agent based analysis’, Revue de l’OFCE, 124, 235–61.
Nelson, R.R. (1959), ‘The simple economics of basic scientific research’, Journal of Political Economy, 67, 297–306.
Nelson, R.R. (1982), ‘The role of knowledge in R&D efficiency’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 97, 453–70.
Nelson, R.R. and Winter, S.G. (1977), ‘In search of useful theory of innovation’, Research Policy, 6 (1), 36–76.
Nelson, R.R. and Winter, S.G. (1982), An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change, Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Nelson, R.R., Winter, S.G. and Schuette, H.L. (1976), ‘Technical change in an evolutionary model’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 90, 90–118.
Nesta, L. (2008), ‘Knowledge and productivity in the world’s largest manufacturing corporations’, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 67, 886–902.
Nesta, L. and Dibiaggio, L. (2003), ‘Technology strategy and knowledge dynamics: The case of biotech’, Industry and Innovation, 10 (3), 331–49.
Nesta, L. and Saviotti, P.P. (2005), ‘Coherence of the knowledge base and the firm’s innovative performance: Evidence from the pharmaceutical industry’, Journal of Industrial Economics, 53, 123–42.
Neter, J., Wasserman, W. and Kutner, M.H. (1990), Applied Linear Statistical Models, Burr Ridge, IL: Irwin.
Newell, R.G., Jaffe, A.B. and Stavins, R.N. (1999), ‘The induced innovation hypothesis and energy-saving technological change’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114, 941–75.
Nooteboom, B. (2000), Learning and Innovation in Organizations and Economies, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ó hUallacháin, B. and Leslie, T.F. (2007), ‘Rethinking the regional knowledge production function’, Journal of Economic Geography, 7, 737–52.
O’Regan, N. and Kling, G, (2011), ‘Technology outsourcing in manufacturing small- and medium-sized firms: another competitive resource?’, R&D Management, 41, 92–105.
Ostrom, E. (2010), ‘Beyond markets and states: Polycentric governance of complex economic systems’, American Economic Review, 100, 641–72.
Ostrom, E. and Hess, C. (eds) (2006), Understanding Knowledge As a Commons: From Theory to Practice, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Ozman, M. (2009), ‘Inter-firm networks and innovation: A survey of literature’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 18, 39–67.
Page, S.E. (2011), Diversity and Complexity, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Pakes, A. and Griliches, Z. (1984), ‘Patents and R&D at the firm level: A first look’, in Z. Griliches (ed.), R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 55–72.
Parisi, M.L., Schiantarelli, F. and Sembenelli, A. (2006), ‘Productivity innovation and R&D: Micro evidence for Italy’, European Economic Review, 50, 2037–61.
Parker, S., Storey, D. and van Witteloostuijn, A. (2010), ‘What happens to gazelles? The importance of dynamic management strategy’, Small Business Economics, 35, 203–26.
Patrucco, P. (2008), ‘The economics of collective knowledge and technological communication’, Journal of Technology Transfer, 33, 579–99.
Patrucco, P. (2009), ‘Collective knowledge production costs and the dynamics of technological systems’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 18, 295–310.
Penrose, E. (1952), ‘Biological analogies in the theory of the firm’, American Economic Review, 42 (5), 804–19.
Penrose, E. (1959), The Theory of the Growth of the Firm, Oxford: Blackwell.
Peters, B. (2009), ‘Persistence of innovation: Stylized facts and panel data evidence’, Journal of Technology Transfer, 36, 226–43.
Phelps, E.S. (1966), ‘Models of technological progress and the golden rule of research’, Review of Economic Studies, 33, 133–45.
Porter, M.E. and van der Linde, C. (1995), ‘Toward a new conception of the environment–competitiveness relationship’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9, (4), 97–118.
Pyka, A. and Werker, C. (2009), ‘The methodology of simulation models: Chances and risks’, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 12, 1–4,
Pyka, A. and Fagiolo, G. (2007), ‘Agent-based modelling: a methodology for neo-Schumpeterian economics’, in H. Hanusch and A. Pyka (eds), Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 467–502.
Quatraro, F. (2009), ‘Innovation, structural change and productivity growth: Evidence from Italian regions 1980–2003’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 33, 1001–22.
Quatraro, F. (2010), ‘Knowledge coherence variety and productivity growth: Manufacturing evidence from Italian regions’, Research Policy, 39, 1289302.
Quatraro, F. (2012), The Economics of Structural Change in Knowledge, London: Routledge.
Rahko, J. (2014), ‘Market value of R&D, patents, and organizational capital: Finnish evidence’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 23 (4), 353–77.
Ravix, J.L. (2012), ‘Alfred Marshall and the Marshallian theory of the firm’, in M. Dietrich and J. Krafft (eds), Handbook on the Economics and the Theory of the Firm, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 49–54.
Raymond, W., Mairesse, J., Mohnen, P. and Palm, F. (2013), ‘Dynamic models of R&D, innovation and productivity: Panel data evidence for Dutch and French manufacturing’, NBER Working Paper 19074.
Reichman, J. (2000), ‘Of green tulips and legal kudzu: Repackaging rights in subpatentable invention’, Vanderbilt Law Review, 53, 17–43.
Rigby, D.L. (2015), ‘Technological relatedness and knowledge space: Entry and exit of US cities from patent classes’, Regional Studies, 49 (11), 1922–37.
Rivera-Batiz, L.A. and Romer, P.M. (1991), ‘Economic integration and economic growth’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106, 531–56.
Roberts, V., Yoguel, G. and Lerena, O. (2017), ‘The ontology of complexity and the neo-Schumpeterian evolutionary theory of economic change’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 27 (4) 761–94.
Romer, P.M. (1990), ‘Endogenous technological change’, Journal of Political Economy, 98, S71–102.
Roper, S. and Hewitt-Dundas, N. (2008), ‘Innovation persistence: Survey and case-study evidence’, Research Policy, 37, 149–62.
Rosser, J.B. (1999), ‘On the complexities of complex economic dynamics’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 13, 169–92.
Rosser, J.B. (ed.) (2004), Complexity in Economics: Methodology Interacting Agents and Microeconomic Models, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Rothaermel, F.T. and Hess, A.M. (2007), ‘Building dynamic capabilities’, Organization Science, 18 (6), 898?921.
Ruckman, K. (2008), ‘Externally sourcing research through acquisition: Should it supplement or substitute for internal research?’, Industry and Innovation, 15, 627–45.
Ruttan, V.W. (1997), ‘Induced innovation evolutionary theory and path dependence’, Economic Journal, 107 (444), 1520–29.
Safarzyńska, K. and van den Bergh, J.C.J.M. (2010), ‘Evolutionary models in economics: A survey of methods and building blocks’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 20 (3), 329–73.
Santarelli, E. and Vivarelli, M. (2007), ‘Entrepreneurship and the process of firms’ entry, survival and growth’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 16 (3), 455–88.
Saviotti, P.P. (2004), ‘Considerations about the production and utilization of knowledge’, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 160, 100–121.
Saviotti, P.P. (2007), ‘On the dynamics of generation and utilisation of knowledge: The local character of knowledge’, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 18, 387–408.
Saviotti, P.P. and Pyka, A. (2008), ‘Micro and macro dynamics: Industry life cycles, inter-sector coordination and aggregate growth’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 18, 167–82.
Schankerman, M. and Pakes, A. (1986), ‘Estimates of the value of patent rights in European countries during the post-1950 period’, Economic Journal, 96 (384), 1052–76.
Scherer, F.M (1986), Innovation and Growth: Schumpeterian Perspectives, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Schumpeter, J.A. (1911–34), The Theory of Economic Development, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Schumpeter, J.A. (1928), ‘The instability of capitalism’, Economic Journal, 38, 361–86.
Schumpeter J.A. (1939), Business Cycles: A Theoretical, Historical and Statistical Analysis of the Capitalist Process, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Schumpeter, J.A. (1941), ‘Alfred Marshall’s Principles: A semi-centennial appraisal’, American Economic Review, 31 (2), 236–48.
Schumpeter, J.A. (1942), Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy, New York: Harper & Brothers.
Schumpeter, J.A. (1947), ‘The creative response in economic history’, Journal of Economic History, 7, 149–59.
Scitovsky, T. (1954), ‘Two concepts of external economies’, Journal of Political Economy, 62, 143–51.
Silva, E. and Teixeira, A.C. (2009), ‘Surveying structural change: Seminal contributions and a bibliometric account’, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 19, 273–300.
Simon, H.A. (1947), Administrative Behavior: A Study of Decision-Making Processes in Administrative Organization, London: Macmillan.
Simon, H.A. (1979), ‘Rational decision making in business organizations’, American Economic Review, 69 (4), 493–513.
Simon, H.A. (1982), Metaphors of Bounded Rationality: Behavioral Economics and Business Organization, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Smit, M.J., Abreu, M.A. and de Groot, H.L. (2015), ‘Micro-evidence on the determinants of innovation in the Netherlands: The relative importance of absorptive capacity and agglomeration externalities’, Papers in Regional Science, 94 (2), 249–72.
Sorenson, O., Rivkin, J.W. and Fleming, L. (2006), ‘Complexity, networks and knowledge flow’, Research Policy, 35, 994–1017.
Stock, J.H. and Yogo, M. (2005), ‘Testing for weak instruments in linear IV regression’, in D.W.K. Andrews and J.H. Stock (eds), Identification and Inference for Econometric Models: Essays in Honor of Thomas Rothenberg, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 80–108.
Strumsky, D., Lobo, J. and Van der Leeuw, S. (2012), ‘Using patent technology codes to study technological change’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 21, 267–86.
Suarez, D. (2014), ‘Persistence of innovation in unstable environments: Continuity and change in the firm’s innovative behavior’, Research Policy, 43, 726–36.
Syverson, C. (2011), ‘What determines productivity?’, Journal of Economic Literature, 49 (2), 326–65.
Teece, D. (2007), ‘Explicating dynamic capabilities: The nature and microfoundations of (sustainable) enterprise performance’, Strategic Management Journal, 28 (13), 1319–50.
Teece, D. and Pisano, G. (1994), ‘The dynamic capabilities of firms: An introduction’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 3, 537–55.
Terna, P. (2009), ‘The epidemics of innovation: Playing around with an agent-based model’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 18, 707–28.
Theyel, N. (2013), ‘Extending open innovation throughout the value chain by small and medium-sized manufacturers’, International Small Business Journal, 31 (3), 256–74.
Thoma, G., Torrisi, S., Gambardella, A., Guellec, D., Hall, B.H. and Haroff, D. (2010), ‘Harmonizing and combining large datasets: An application to firm-level patent and accounting data’, NBER Working Paper 15851.
Triguero, A. and Corcoles, D. (2013), ‘Understanding innovation: An analysis of persistence for Spanish manufacturing firms’, Research Policy, 42, 340–52.
Triguero, A., Corcoles, D. and Cuerva, M.C. (2014), ‘Persistence of innovation and firm’s growth: Evidence from a panel of SME and large Spanish manufacturing firms’, Small Business Economics, 43 (4), 787–804.
Van Zeebroeck, N. (2011), ‘The puzzle of patent value indicators’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 20, 33–62.
Van Zeebroeck, N. and van Pottelsberghe, B. (2011), ‘The vulnerability of patent value determinants’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 20, 283–308.
Vandekerckhove, J. and De Bondt, R. (2008), ‘Asymmetric spillovers and investments in research and development of leaders and followers’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 17, 417–33.
Veblen, T. (1898), ‘Why is economics not an evolutionary science?’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2 (4), 373–97.
Vergne, J.P. and Durand, R. (2011), ‘The path of most persistence: an evolutionary perspective on path dependence and dynamic capabilities’, Organization Studies, 32, 365–82.
Verona, G. and Ravasi, D. (2003), ‘Unbundling dynamic capabilities: An exploratory study of continuous product innovation’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 12 (3), 577–607.
Veugelers, R. and Cassiman, B. (1999), ‘Make and buy in innovation strategies: Evidence from Belgian manufacturing firms’, Research Policy, 28, 63–80.
Von Hippel, E. (1988), The Sources of Innovation, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Von Hippel, E. (1998), ‘Economics of product development by users: The impact of sticky local information’, Management Science, 44, 629–44.
Voudouris, I., Lioukas, S., Iatrelli, M. and Caloghirou, Y. (2012), ‘Effectiveness of technology investment: Impact of internal technological capability, networking and investment’s strategic importance’, Technovation, 32 (6), 400–414.
Weitzman, M.L. (1996), ‘Hybridizing growth theory’, American Economic Review, 86, 207–12.
Weitzman, M.L. (1998), ‘Recombinant growth’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 113, 331–60.
Windrum, P. and Birchenhall, C. (2005), ‘Structural change in the presence of network externalities: A co-evolutionary model of technological successions’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 15, 123–48.
Winter, S.G. (1987), ‘Knowledge and competence as strategic assets’, in D.J. Teece (ed.), The Competitive Challenge: Strategies for Industrial Innovation and Renewal, Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, pp. 159–84.
Winter, S.G., Kaniovski, Y.M. and Dosi, G. (2000), ‘Modeling industrial dynamics with innovative entrants’, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 11 (3), 255–93.
Wooldridge, J. (2005), ‘Simple solutions to the initial conditions problem in dynamic, nonlinear panel data models with unobserved heterogeneity’, Journal of Applied Econometrics, 20, 39–54.
Yildizoglu, M. (2002), ‘Competing R&D strategies in an evolutionary industry model’, Computational Economics, 19, 51–65.
Youn, H., Bettencourt, L.M.A., Strumsky, D. and Lobo, J. (2015), ‘Invention as a combinatorial process: Evidence from US patents’, Journal of the Royal Society, Interface, 12 (106), DOI: 10.1098/ rsif.2015.0272.
Zhang, J. (2003), ‘Growing Silicon Valley on a landscape’, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 13, 529–48.