Full access
Abrams, D. and Hogg, M.A. (1998) Social Identifications: A Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations and Group Processes. London: Routledge.
Accomazzo, S. (2012) Anthropology of violence: historical and current theories, concepts, and debates in physical and sociocultural anthropology. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 22: 535–552.
Acker, J. (1990) Hierarchies, jobs, bodies: a theory of gendered organizations. Gender & Society 4(2): 139–158.
Adorno, T.W.; Frenkel-Brunswik, E.; Levinson, D.J. and Sanford, R.N. (1950) The Authoritarian Personality. Studies in Prejudice Series, American Jewish Committee, New York: Harper.
Allport, G.W. (1954) The Nature of Prejudice. Oxford: Addison-Wesley.
Andersson, M. and Simmons, L.W. (2006) Sexual selection and mate choice. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 21(6): 296–302.
Aquino, K. and Lamertz, K. (2004) A relational model of workplace victimization: social roles and patterns of victimization in dyadic relationships. Journal of Applied Psychology 89: 1023–1034.
Arce, C.H.; Murguia, E. and Frisbie, W.P. (1987) Phenotype and life chances among Chicanos. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 9(1): 19–32.
Armstrong, N. and Welsman, J. (2001) Peak oxygen uptake in relation to growth and maturation in 11- to 17-year old humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology 85(6): 546–551.
Arthur, J.B. (1994) Effects of human resource systems on manufacturing performance and turnover. Academy of Management Journal 37(3): 670–687.
Arulampalam, W.; Booth, A.L. and Bryan M.L. (2007) Is there a glass ceiling over Europe? Exploring the gender pay gap across the wage distribution. Industrial and Labor Relations Review 60(2): 163–186.
Ashcraft, K.L. and Muhr, S.L. (2018) Coding military command as a promiscuous practice? Unsettling the gender binaries of leadership metaphors. Human Relations 71(2): 206–228.
Ashforth, B.E. and Mael, F. (1989) Social identity theory and the organization. Academy of Management Review 14(1): 20–39.
Ashley L. (2010) Making a difference? The use (and abuse) of diversity management at the UK’s elite law firms. Work, Employment & Society 24(4): 711–727.
Bagenstos, S.R. (2007) Implicit bias, “science,” and antidiscrimination law. Harvard Law & Policy Review 1: 477–493.
Balducci, C.; Alfano, V. and Fraccaroli, F. (2009) Relationships between mobbing at work and MMPI-2 personality profile, post-traumatic stress symptoms, and suicidal ideation and behavior. Violence and Victims 24: 52–67.
Balducci, C.; Fraccaroli, F. and Schaufeli, W.B. (2011) Workplace bullying and its relation with work characteristics, personality, and post-traumatic stress symptoms: an integrated model. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping: An International Journal 24: 499–513.
Barber, N. (1995) The evolutionary psychology of physical attractiveness: sexual selection and human morphology. Evolution and Human Behavior 16: 395–424.
Bargh, J.A. and Morsella, E. (2008) The unconscious mind.Perspectives on Psychological Science 3(1): 73–79.
Barkow, J.; Cosmides, L. and Tooby, J. (eds) (1992) The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Barrett, H.C. (2005) Adaptations to Predators and Prey. In The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology (edited by D.M. Buss). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, pp.200–223.
Baughman, H.M.; Dearing, S.; Giammarco, E. and Vernon, P.A. (2012) Relationships between bullying behaviours and the dark triad: a study with adults. Personality and Individual Differences 52: 571–575.
Baumann, C.; Timming, A.R. and Gollan, P. (2016) Taboo tattoos? A study of the gendered effects of body art on consumers’ attitudes toward visibly tattooed front-line staff. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services 29: 31–39.
Baumeister, R.F.; Smart, L. and Boden, J.M. (1996) Relation of threatened egotism to violence and aggression: the dark side of high self-esteem. Psychological Review 103: 5–33.
Becker, B. and Gerhart, B. (1996) The impact of human resource management on organizational performance: progress and prospects. Academy of Management Journal 39(4): 779–801.
Becker, W.J. and Cropanzano, R. (2010) Organizational neuroscience: the promise and prospects of an emerging discipline. Journal of Organizational Behavior 31(7): 1055–1059.
Becker, W.J.; Cropanzano, R. and Sanfey, A.G. (2011) Organizational neuroscience: taking organizational theory inside the neural black box. Journal of Management 37: 933–961.
Beech, N. (2011) Liminality and the practices of identity reconstruction. Human Relations 64: 285–302.
Beehr, T.A. and Gilmore, D.C. (1982) Applicant attractiveness as a perceived job-relevant variable in selection of management trainees. Academy of Management Journal 25: 607–617.
Beer, M.; Spector, B.; Lawrence, P.; Mills, D.Q. and Walton, R. (1984) Human Resource Management: A General Manager’s Perspective. New York: Free Press.
Behling, O. (1998) Employee selection: will intelligence and conscientiousness do the job? Academy of Management Executive 12: 77–86.
Bell, M.P.; Ozbilgin, M.; Beauregard, T.A. and Surgevil, O. (2011) Voice, silence and diversity in 21st century organizations: Strategies for inclusion of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender employees. Human Resource Management 50(1): 131–146.
Belot, M. (2015) Cognitive discrimination: A benchmark experimental study. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics 8: 173–185.
Bem, S.L. (1981) Gender schema theory: a cognitive account of sex typing. Psychological Review 88(4): 354–364.
Berger, P.L. and Luckmann, T. (1966) The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. New York: Anchor.
Berthelsen, M.; Skogstad, A.; Lau, B. and Einarsen, S. (2011) Do they stay or do they go? A longitudinal study of intentions to leave and exclusion from working life among targets of workplace bullying. International Journal of Manpower 32(2): 178–193.
Bertrand, M. and Malainathan, S. (2004) Are Emily and Greg more employable than Lakisha and Jamal? American Economic Review 94(4): 991–1013.
Bertrand, M.; Chugh, D. and Mullainathan, S. (2005) Implicit discrimination. American Economic Review 95(2): 94–98.
Birdi, K.; Clegg, C.; Patterson, M.; Robinson, A.; Stride, C.; Wall, T. and Wood, S. (2008) The impact of human resource and operational management practices on company productivity: A longitudinal study. Personnel Psychology 61(3): 467–501.
Bjørkelo, B. (2013) Workplace bullying after whistleblowing: future research and implications. Journal of Managerial Psychology 28: 306–323.
Blaker, N.M.; Rompa, I.; Dessing, I.H.; Vriend, A.F.; Herschberg, C. and van Vugt, M. (2013) The height leadership advantage in men and women: testing evolutionary psychology predictions about the perceptions of tall leaders. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations 16(1): 17–27.
Blau, F.D. and Kahn, L.M. (2003) Understanding international differences in the gender pay gap. Journal of Labor Economics 21(1): 106–144.
Boddy, C.R. (2011) Corporate psychopaths, bullying and unfair supervision in the workplace. Journal of Business Ethics 100: 367–379.
Bohan, J.S. (1993) Regarding gender: essentialism, constructionism, and feminist psychology. Psychology of Women Quarterly 17(1): 5–21.
Bonaccio, S.; O’Reilly, J.; O’Sullivan, S.L. and Chiocchio, F. (2016) Nonverbal behavior and communication in the workplace: a review and an agenda for research. Journal of Management 42: 1044–1074.
Bonilla-Silva, E. (1996) Rethinking racism: toward a structural interpretation. American Sociological Review 62(3): 465–480.
Bowling, N.A. and Beehr, T.A. (2006) Workplace harassment from the victim’s perspective: a theoretical model and meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology 91: 998–1012.
Branch, S.; Ramsay, S. and Barker, M. (2013) Workplace bullying, mobbing and general harassment: a review. International Journal of Management Reviews 15: 280–299.
Brewer, M.B. (1999) The psychology of prejudice: ingroup love and outgroup hate? Journal of Social Issues 55(3): 429–444.
Brewis, J.; Hampton, M.P. and Linstead, S. (1997) Unpacking Priscilla: subjectivity and identity in the organization of gendered appearance. Human Relations 50(10): 1275–1304.
Brickell, C. (2006) The sociological construction of gender and sexuality. The Sociological Review 54(1): 87–113.
Brodsky, C.M. (1976) The Harassed Worker. Lexington: Lexington Books.
Browne, J. (1995) Charles Darwin: Voyaging. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Buhrmester, M.; Kwang, T. and Gosling, S.D. (2011) Amazon’s mechanical Turk: a new source of inexpensive, yet high-quality, data? Perspectives on Psychological Science 6(1): 3–5.
Buss, D.M. (1995) Evolutionary psychology: a new paradigm for psychological science. Psychological Inquiry, 6: 1–30.
Buss, D.M. (1997) Human social motivation in evolutionary perspective: grounding terror management theory. Psychological Inquiry 8: 22–26.
Buss, D.M. (ed.) (2005) The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. New York: Wiley.
Buss, D.M. and Shackelford, T.K. (1997) Human aggression in evolutionary psychological perspective. Clinical Psychology Review 17: 605–619.
Butler, J. (1990) Gender Trouble. London: Routledge.
Butler, J. (1993) Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of Sex. London: Routledge.
Buunk, A.P.; Zurriaga, R.; González-Navarro, P. and Monzani, L. (2016) Attractive rivals may undermine the expectation of career advancement and enhance jealousy: an experimental study.European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 25: 790–803.
Calderwood, C.; Gabriel, A.S.; Rosen, C.C.; Simon, L.S. and Koopman, J. (2016) 100 years running: the need to understand why employee physical activity benefits organizations. Journal of Organizational Behavior 37(7): 1104–1109.
Calhoun, C. (ed) (1994) Social Theory and the Politics of Identity. Cambridge: Blackwell.
Campbell, A. (2005) Aggression. In The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology (edited by D.M. Buss). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, pp.628–652.
Cawley, J.; Joyner, K. and Sobal, J. (2006) Size matters: the influence of adolescents’ weight and height on dating and sex. Rationality and Society 18(1): 67–94.
Changing Faces. (2018) Recruiting a candidate who has a mark, scar or condition which affects their appearance. [Accessed 16 March 2018.]
Charles, C.A.D. (2003) Skin bleaching, self-hate, and black identity in Jamaica. Journal of Black Studies 33(6): 711–728.
Chiu, R.K. and Babcock, R.D. (2002) The relative importance of facial attractiveness and gender in Hong Kong selection decisions. International Journal of Human Resource Management 13: 141–155.
Christoffersen, M.N. (1994) A follow-up study of long-term effects of unemployment on children: loss of self-esteem and self-destructive behavior among adolescents. Childhood 2: 212–220.
Chung, V.Q.; Gordon, J.S.; Veledar, E. and Chen, S.C. (2010) Hot or not—evaluating the effect of artificial tanning on the public’s perception of attractiveness. Dermatologic Surgery 36(11): 1651–1655.
CIPD (2014) Our Minds at Work: Developing the Behavioural Science of HR. London: CIPD.
Coetzee, V.; Perrett, D.I. and Stephen, I.D. (2009) Facial adiposity: A cue to health? Perception 38(11): 1700–1711.
Cohen, A. (2016) Are they among us? A conceptual framework of the relationship between the dark triad personality and counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs). Human Resource Management Review 26: 69–85.
Colarelli, S.M. (2003) No Best Way: An Evolutionary Perspective on Human Resource Management. Westport: Praeger Publishers.
Cooper, C.L. and Cartwright, S. (1994) Healthy mind; healthy organization: a proactive approach to occupational stress. Human Relations 47(4): 455–471.
Couch, K.A. and Fairlie, R. (2010) Last hired, first fired? Black–white unemployment and the business cycle. Demography 47(1): 227–247.
Coyne, J.A. (2010) Why Evolution Is True. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Crandal, C.S. (1994) Prejudice against fat people: ideology and self-interest. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 66(5): 882–894.
Crane, D. (2000) Fashion and its Social Agenda: Class, Gender, and Identity in Clothing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Crawshaw, L. (2009) Workplace bullying? Mobbing? Harassment? Distraction by a thousand definitions. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 61: 263–267.
Cunningham, M.R.; Barbee, A.P. and Pike, C.L. (1990) What do women want? Facialmetric assessment of multiple motives in the perception of male facial physical attractiveness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 59(1): 61–72.
Cunningham, W.A.; Johnson, M.K.; Raye, C.L.; Gatenby, J.C.; Gore, J.C. and Banaji, M.R. (2004) Separable neural components in the processing of black and white faces. Psychological Science 15(12): 806–813.
Curio, E.; Ernst, U. and Vieth, W. (1978) The adaptive significance of avian mobbing. II. Cultural transmission of enemy recognition in blackbirds: effectiveness and some constraints. Ethology 48: 184–202.
Daly, M. and Wilson, M. (1988) Homicide: Foundations of Human Behavior. New York: Routledge.
Daly, M. and Wilson, M.I. (1999) Human evolutionary psychology and animal behavior. Animal Behaviour 57: 509–519.
Darwin, C. ([1859] 1998) On the Origin of Species. Ware: Wordsworth.
Darwin, C. ([1871] 2001) The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Davis, D. (2009) Transgender issues in the workplace: HRD’s newest challenge/opportunity. Advances in Developing Human Resources 11(1): 109–120.
Davis, M. (1992) The role of the amygdala in fear and anxiety. Annual Review of Neuroscience 15: 353–375.
Davison, H.K. and Burke, M.J. (2000) Sex discrimination in simulated employment contexts: a meta-analytic investigation. Journal of Vocational Behavior 56(2): 225–248.
Dawkins, R. (1976) The Selfish Gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dawkins, R. (2006) The Blind Watchmaker. London: Penguin.
DeBruine, L.M. (2002) Facial resemblance enhances trust. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 269(1498): 1307–1312.
De Cuyper, N.; Baillien, E. and de Witte, H. (2009) Job insecurity, perceived employability and targets’ and perpetrators’ experiences of workplace bullying. Work & Stress 23: 206–224.
Deitch, E.A.; Barsky, A.; Butz, R.M.; Chan, S.; Brief, A.P. and Bradley, J.C. (2003) Subtle yet significant: the existence and impact of everyday racial discrimination in the workplace. Human Relations 56(11): 1299–1324.
Delgado, R. and Stefancic, J. (2017) Critical Race Theory. New York: NYU Press.
Devine, P.G. (1989) Stereotypes and prejudice: the automatic and controlled components. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 56(1): 5–18.
Diamond, L.M. and Butterworth, M. (2008) Questioning gender and sexual identity dynamic links over time. Sex Roles 59(5/6): 365–376.
Dipboye, R.L. (1990) Laboratory vs. field research in industrial and organizational psychology. International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology 5: 1–34.
Doan, P.L. (2010) The tyranny of gendered spaces: reflections from beyond the gender dichotomy. Gender, Place & Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography 17(5): 635–654.
Dougherty, D.S. and Hode M.G. (2016) Binary logics and the discursive interpretation of organizational policy: making meaning of sexual harassment policy. Human Relations 69(8): 1729–1755.
DuBrin, A.J. (2011) Impression Management in the Workplace. New York: Routledge.
Duffy, M. and Sperry, L. (2007) Workplace mobbing: individual and family health consequences. The Family Journal 15: 398–404.
Dundon, T. and Rafferty, A. (2018) The (potential) demise of HRM? Human Resource Management Journal 28(3): 377–391.
Duntley, J.D. (2005) Adaptations to Dangers from Humans. In The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology (edited by D.M. Buss). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, pp.224–254.
Duntley, J.D. and Buss, D.M. (2011) Homicide adaptations. Aggression and Violent Behavior 16: 399–410.
Easteal, P. and Ballard, A.J. (2017) Shutting-up or speaking-up: navigating the invisible line between voice and silence in workplace bullying. Alternative Law Journal 42: 47–54.
Easton, A. (1998) Women have deadly desire for paler skin in the Philippines. The Lancet 352(9127): 555.
Efe, S.Y and Ayaz, S. (2010) Mobbing against nurses in the workplace in Turkey. International Nursing Review 57: 328–334.
Einarsen, S. (2000) Harassment and bullying at work: A review of the Scandinavian approach. Aggression and Violent Behavior 5: 371–401.
Einarsen, S. and Skogstad, A. (1996) Bullying at work: epidemiological findings in public and private organizations. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 5: 185–201.
Einarsen, S.; Hoel, H. and Notelaers, G. (2009) Measuring exposure to bullying and harassment at work: validity, factor structure and psychometric properties of the Negative Acts Questionnaire—Revised. Work & Stress 23: 24–44.
Einarsen, S; Hoel, H.; Zapf, D. and Cooper, C.L. (eds) (2003) Bullying and Emotional Abuse in the Workplace: International Perspectives in Research and Practice. London: Taylor & Francis.
Einarsen, S.; Hoel, H.; Zapf, D. and Cooper, C.L. (2011) The Concept of Bullying and Harassment at Work: The European Tradition. In Bullying and Harassment in the Workplace: Development in Theory, Research, and Practice (Second edition, edited by S. Einarsen, H. Hoel, D. Zapf and C.L. Cooper). Boca Raton: CRC Press, pp.3–40.
Espino, R. and Franz, M.M. (2002) Latino phenotypic discrimination revisited: the impact of skin color on occupational status. Social Science Quarterly 83(2): 612–623.
Eves, A. (2004) Queer theory, butch/femme identities and lesbian space. Sexualities 7(4): 480–496.
Feagin, J.R.; Vera, H. and Batur, P. (2001) White Racism: The Basics. New York: Routledge.
Fenstermaker, S. and West, C. (2002) Doing Gender, Doing Difference: Inequality, Power and Institutional Change. New York: Routledge.
Fink, B.; Grammer, K. and Thornhill, R. (2001) Human (Homo sapiens) facial attractiveness in relation to skin texture and color. Journal of Comparative Psychology 115(1): 92–99.
Fink, B.; Neave, N.; Manning, J.T. and Grammer, K. (2006) Facial symmetry and judgements of attractiveness, health and personality. Personality and Individual Differences 41: 491–499.
Finkelstein, L.M.; Frautschy Demuth, R.L. and Sweeney, D.L. (2007) Bias against overweight job applicants: further explorations of when and why. Human Resource Management 46(2): 203–222.
Fisher, R.J. (1993) Social desirability bias and the validity of indirect questioning. Journal of Consumer Research 20(2): 303–315.
Foo, Y.Z.; Simmons, L.W. and Rhodes, G. (2017) Predictors of facial attractiveness and health in humans. Scientific Reports 7: 39731.
Forbes Human Resources Council. (2018) Nine strategies to keep unconscious bias out of your HR department. Forbes. [Accessed 24 November 2018].
Ford, R.T. (2014) Bias in the air: rethinking employment discrimination law. Stanford Law Review 66(6): 1381–1422.
Fox, S. and Cowan, R.L. (2015) Revision of the workplace bullying checklist: the importance of human resource management’s role in defining and addressing bullying. Human Resource Management Journal 25: 116–130.
Fox, S. and Stallworth, L.E. (2005) Racial/ethnic bullying: exploring links between bullying and racism in the US workplace. Journal of Vocational Behavior 66: 438–456.
Freud, S. (2015) Civilization and its Discontents (edited by T. Dufresne and translated by G.C. Richter). Peterborough: Broadview Press.
Fruhen, L.S.; Watkins, C.D. and Jones, B.C. (2015) Perceptions of facial dominance, trustworthiness, and attractiveness predict managerial pay awards in experimental tasks. The Leadership Quarterly 26(6): 1005–1016.
Gagné, P.; Tewksbury, R. and McGaughey, D. (1997) Coming out and crossing over: identity formation and proclamation in a transgender community. Gender & Society 11(4): 478–508.
Garfinkel, H. (2002) Studies in Ethnomethodology. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Gatta, M. (2011) In the “Blink” of an Eye: American High-End Small Retail Businesses and the Public Workforce System. In Retail Work (edited by I. Grugulis and O. Bozkurt). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Girardi, P.; Monaco, E.; Prestigiacomo, C.; Talamo, A.; Ruberto, A. and Tatarelli, R. (2007) Personality and psychopathological profiles in individuals exposed to mobbing. Violence and Victims 22: 172–188.
Glasø, L.; Berge Matthiesen, S.; Birkeland Nielsen, M. and Einarsen, S. (2007) Do targets of workplace bullying portray a general victim personality profile? Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 48: 313–319.
Godard, J. (2004) A critical assessment of the high performance paradigm. British Journal of Industrial Relations 42(2): 439–478.
Goffman, E. (1959) The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Anchor.
Goffman, E. (1963) Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. New York: Touchstone.
Golash-Boza, T. (2016) A critical and comprehensive sociological theory of race and racism. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity 2(2): 129–141.
Goldsmith, A.H.; Hamilton, D. and Darity, Jr., W. (2006) Shades of discrimination: skin tone and wages. American Economic Review 96(2): 242–245.
Gottfredson, L.S. (1997) Why g matters: the complexity of everyday life. Intelligence 24: 79–132.
Gould, S.J. (1978) Sociobiology: the art of storytelling. New Scientist 16: 530–533.
Gould, S.J. (2002) The Structure of Evolutionary Theory. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Gouvier, W.D.; Sytsma-Jordan, S. and Mayville, S. (2003) Patterns of discrimination in hiring job applicants with disabilities: the role of disability type, job complexity and public contact. Rehabilitation Psychology 48: 175–181.
Graham, J.; Nosek, B.A. and Haidt, J. (2012) The moral stereotypes of liberals and conservatives: exaggeration of differences across the political spectrum. PLoS ONE 7(12): 1–13.
Grammer, K. and Thornhill, R. (1994) Human (homo sapiens) facial attractiveness and sexual selection: the role of symmetry and averageness. Journal of Comparative Psychology 108: 233–242.
Grant, P.R. and Grant, B.R. (2014) 40 Years of Evolution: Darwin’s Finches on Daphne Major Island. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Graw, B. and Manser, M.B. (2007) The function of mobbing in cooperative meerkats. Animal Behaviour 74: 507–517.
Greenhaus, J.H.; Parasuraman, S. and Wormley, W.M. (1990) Effects of race on organizational experiences, job performance evaluations, and career outcomes. Academy of Management Journal 33(1): 64–86.
Greenwald, A.G.; McGhee, D.E. and Schwartz, J.L. (1998) Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: the implicit association test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 74(6): 1464–1480.
Greenwald, A.G.; Nosek, B.A. and Banaji, M.R. (2003) Understanding and using the implicit association test: I. An improved scoring algorithm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 85(2): 197–216.
Griesser, M. and Ekman, J. (2005) Nepotistic mobbing behaviour in the Siberian jay, Perisoreus infaustus. Animal Behaviour 69(2): 345–352.
Grodsky, E. and Pager, D. (2001) The structure of disadvantage: individual and occupational determinants of the black–white wage gap. American Sociological Review 66(4): 542–567.
Groeblinghoff, D. and Becker, M. (1996) A case study of mobbing and the clinical treatment of mobbing victims. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 5: 277–294.
Guest, D.E. (2011) Human resource management and performance: still searching for some answers. Human Resource Management Journal 21(1): 3–13.
Gursky, S. (2005) Predator mobbing in Tarsius spectrum. International Journal of Primatology 26: 207–221.
Guthrie, J.P. (2001) High-involvement work practices, turnover, and productivity: evidence from New Zealand. Academy of Management Journal 44(1): 180–190.
Hackney, K.J. and Perrewé, P.L. (2018) A review of abusive behaviors at work: the development of the process model for studying abuse. Organizational Psychology Review 8: 70–92.
Hakim, C. (2011) Honey Money: The Power of Erotic Capital. London: Penguin.
Halberstam, J. (1998) Female Masculinity. Durham: Duke University Press.
Hall, J.A. and Carter, J.D. (1999) Gender-stereotype accuracy as an individual difference. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 77(2): 350–359.
Hall, R.E. (2006) The bleaching syndrome among people of color: implications of skin color for human behavior in the social environment. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 13(3): 19–31.
Hamermesh, D.S. (2013) Beauty Pays: Why Attractive People Are More Successful. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Hamermesh, D.S. and Biddle, J.E. (1993) Beauty and the Labour Market. NBER Working Paper, No. 4518: 1–29.
Hansen, Å.M.; Hogh, A.; Persson, R.; Karlson, B.; Garde, A.H. and Ørbaek, P. (2006) Bullying at work, health outcomes, and physiological stress response. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 60: 63–72.
Harman, G.H. (1965) The inference to the best explanation. Philosophical Review 74: 88–95.
Harrison, J.; Grant, J. and Herman, J.L. (2012) A gender not listed here: genderqueers, gender rebels, and otherwise in the National Transgender Discrimination Survey. LGBTQ Public Policy Journal at the Harvard Kennedy School 2(1): 13–24.
Hawkins, M. (1997) Social Darwinism in European and American Thought, 1860–1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Heaphy, E.D. and Dutton, J.E. (2008) Positive social interactions and the human body at work: linking organizations and physiology. Academy of Management Review 33(1): 137–162.
Heckman, J.J.; Stixrud, J. and Urzua, S. (2006) The effects of cognitive and noncognitive abilities in labor market outcomes and social behavior. Journal of Labor Economics 24: 411–482.
Hill, M.E. (2000) Color differences in the socioeconomic status of African American men: results of a longitudinal study. Social Forces 78(4): 1437–1460.
Hodson, R.; Roscigno, V.J. and Lopez, S.H. (2006) Chaos and the abuse of power: workplace bullying in interaction and organizational context. Work and Occupations 33: 382–416.
Hoel, H. and Beale, D. (2006) Workplace bullying, psychological perspectives and industrial relations: towards a contextualized and interdisciplinary approach. British Journal of Industrial Relations 44: 239–262.
Hoel, H. and Cooper, C. (2000) Destructive Conflict and Bullying at Work. Manchester: Manchester School of Management, UMIST.
Hoel, H. and Salin, D. (2003) Organisational Antecedents of Workplace Bullying. In Bullying and Emotional Abuse in the Workplace: International Perspectives in Research and Practice (edited by S. Einarsen, H. Hoel, D. Zapf and C.L. Cooper). London: Taylor and Francis, pp.203–218.
Hoel, H.; Glasø, L.; Hetland, J.; Cooper, C.L. and Einarsen, S. (2010) Leadership styles as predictors of self-reported and observed workplace bullying. British Journal of Management 21: 453–468.
Hoel, H.; Sheehan, M.J.; Cooper, C.L. and Einarsen, S. (2011) Organisational Effects of Workplace Bullying. In Bullying and Emotional Abuse in the Workplace: International Perspectives in Research and Practice (edited by S. Einarsen, H. Hoel, D. Zapf and C.L. Cooper). London: Taylor and Francis, pp.129–148.
Hoffman, R.M. and Borders, L.D. (2001) Twenty-five years after the Bem Sex-Role Inventory: a reassessment and new issues regarding classification variability. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development 34(1): 39–55.
Hogg, M.A. (2016) Social Identity Theory. In Understanding Peace and Conflict Through Social Identity Theory (edited by S. McKeown, R. Haji and N. Ferguson). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, pp.3–17.
Hogg, M.A.; Terry, D.J. and White, K.M. (1995) A tale of two theories: a critical comparison of identity theory with social identity theory. Social Psychology Quarterly 58(4): 255–269.
Hogh, A.; Mikkelsen, E.G. and Hansen, A.M. (2011) Individual Consequences of Workplace Bullying/Mobbing. In Bullying and Harassment in the Workplace: Development in Theory, Research, and Practice (Second edition, edited by S. Einarsen, H. Hoel, D. Zapf and C.L. Cooper). Boca Raton: CRC Press, pp.107–128.
Hosoda, M.; Stone-Romero, E.F. and Coats, G. (2003) The effects of physical attractiveness on job-related outcomes: a meta-analysis of experimental studies. Personnel Psychology 56(2): 431–462.
Hughes, A.; Trudgill, P. and Watt, D. (2012) English Accents and Dialects (Fifth edition). London: Routledge.
Hultin, M. and Szulkin, R. (1999) Wages and unequal access to organizational power: an empirical test of gender discrimination. Administrative Science Quarterly 44(3) 453–472.
Human Resource Management International Digest (2006). Survival of the fittest: discrimination against obesity in the American workplace. 14(3): 26–28.
Hunter, J.E. and Schmidt, F.L. (1996) Intelligence and job performance: economic and social implications. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 2: 447–472.
Hunter, M.L. (2002) “If you’re light you’re alright”: light skin color as social capital for women of color. Gender & Society 16(2): 175–193.
Hunter, M. (2007) The persistent problem of colorism: skin tone, status, and inequality. Sociology Compass 1(1): 237–254.
Huselid, M.A. (1995) The impact of human resource management practices on turnover, productivity, and corporate financial performance. Academy of Management Journal 38(3): 635–672.
Ichniowski, C.; Shaw, K. and Prennushi, G. (1997) The effects of human resource management practices on productivity: a study of steel finishing lines. American Economic Review 87(3): 291–313.
Ilies, R.; Arvey, R.D. and Bouchard, T.J., Jr. (2006) Darwinism, behavioral genetics, and organizational behavior: a review and agenda for future research. Journal of Organizational Behavior 27(2): 121–141.
Jackson, S. and Rees, A. (2007) The appalling appeal of nature: the popular influence of evolutionary psychology as a problem for sociology. Sociology 41: 917–930.
Jansen, A.S.P.; Nguyen, X.V.; Karpitskiy, V.; Mettenleiter, T.C. and Loewy, A.D. (1995) Central command neurons of the sympathetic nervous system: basis of the fight-or-flight response. Science 270: 644–646.
Jenkins, M. (2011) Practice note: is mediation suitable for complaints of workplace bullying? Conflict Resolution Quarterly 29: 25–38.
Johnson, S.K.; Podratz, K.E.; Dipboye, R.L. and Gibbons, E. (2010) Physical attractiveness biases in ratings of employment suitability: tracking down the “beauty is beastly” effect. Journal of Social Psychology 150: 301–318.
Joinson, A. (1999) Social desirability, anonymity, and Internetbased questionnaires. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers 31: 433–438.
Jones, A.L. (2018) The influence of shape and colour cue classes on facial health perception. Evolution and Human Behavior 39: 19–29.
Jones, A.L.; Porcheron, A.; Sweda, J.R.; Morizot, F. and Russell, R. (2016) Coloration in different areas of facial skin is a cue to health: the role of cheek redness and periorbital luminance in health perception. Body Image 17: 57–66.
Jones, B.C.; Little, A.C.; Feinberg, D.R.; Penton-Voak, I.S.; Tiddeman, B.P. and Perrett, D.I. (2004) The relationship between shape symmetry and perceived skin condition in male facial attractiveness. Evolution and Human Behavior 25(1): 24–30.
Jones, B.C.; Little, A.C.; Penton-Voak, I.S.; Tiddeman, B.P.; Burt, D.M. and Perrett, D.I. (2001) Facial symmetry and judgements of apparent health: Support for a “good genes” explanation of the attractiveness–symmetry relationship. Evolution and Human Behavior 22: 417–429.
Jones, D.; Brace, C.L.; Jankowiak, W.; Laland, K.N. et al. (1995) Sexual selection, physical attractiveness, and facial neoteny: cross-cultural evidence and implications. Current Anthropology 36(5): 723–748.
Jones, G. (2010) Beauty Imagined. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Jones, T. (2000) Shades of brown: the law of skin color. Duke Law Journal 49: 1487–1557.
Judge, T.A. and Cable, D.M. (2004) The effect of physical height on workplace success and income: preliminary test of a theoretical model. Journal of Applied Psychology 89(3): 428–441.
Kalick, S.M.; Zebrowitz, L.A.; Langlois, J.H. and Johnson, R.M. (1998) Does human facial attractiveness honestly advertise health? Longitudinal data on an evolutionary question. Psychological Science 9: 8–13.
Kanazawa, S. and Kovar, J.L. (2004) Why beautiful people are more intelligent. Intelligence 32: 227–243.
Kant, I. (1951) Critique of Judgement (translated and introduced by J.H. Bernard). New York: Hafner Press.
Keashly, L. (1997) Emotional abuse in the workplace: conceptual and empirical issues. Journal of Emotional Abuse 1: 85–117.
Keashly, L. and Nowell, B.L. (2003) Conflict, Conflict Resolution and Bullying. In Bullying and Emotional Abuse in the Workplace (edited by S. Einarsen, H. Hoel, D. Zapf and C.L. Cooper). London: Taylor and Francis, pp.339–358.
Ketelaar, T. and Ellis, B.J. (2000) Are evolutionary explanations unfalsifiable? Evolutionary psychology and the Lakatosian philosophy of science. Psychological Inquiry 11: 1–21.
King, E.B. and Ahmad, A.S. (2010) An experimental field study of interpersonal discrimination toward Muslim job applicants. Personnel Psychology 63(4): 881–906.
Kirkwood, R. and Dickie, J. (2005) Mobbing of a great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) by adult male Australian fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus doriferus). Marine Mammal Science 21: 336–339.
Kivimäki, M.; Virtanen, M.; Vartia, M.; Elovainio, M.; Vahtera, J. and Keltikangas-Järvinen, L. (2003) Workplace bullying and the risk of cardiovascular disease and depression. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 60: 779–783.
Klesges, R.C.; Klem, M.L.; Hanson, C.L.; Eck, L.H.; Ernst, J.; O’Laughlin, D.; Garrott, A. and Rife, R. (1990) The effects of applicants’ health status and qualifications on simulated hiring decisions. International Journal of Obesity 14(6): 527–535.
Komarovsky, M. (2004) The Unemployed Man and His Family. Walnut Creek: Altamir Press.
Komori, M.; Kawamura, S. and Ishihara, S. (2009) Averageness or symmetry: which is more important for facial attractiveness? Acta Psychologica 131: 136–142.
Koser, D.A.; Matsuyama, M. and Kopelman, R.E. (1999) Comparison of physical and mental disability in employee selection: an experimental examination of direct and moderated effects. North American Journal of Psychology 1: 213–222.
Kugler, M.; Verdier, T. and Zenou, Y. (2005) Organized crime, corruption, and punishment. Journal of Public Economics 89: 1639–1663.
Lamm, C.; Decety, J. and Singer, T. (2011) Meta-analytic evidence for common and distinct neural networks associated with directly experienced pain and empathy for pain. NeuroImage 54: 2492–2502.
Lankford, A. (2013) A comparative analysis of suicide terrorists and rampage, workplace, and school shooters in the United States from 1990 to 2010. Homicide Studies 17: 255–274.
Larkin, J.C. and Pines, H.A. (1979) No fat persons need apply: experimental studies of the overweight stereotype and hiring preference. Work and Occupations 6(3): 312–327.
Lee, A. (2005) Unconscious bias theory in employment discrimination litigation. Harvard Civil Rights–Civil Liberties Law Review 40(2): 481–503.
Lee, N.; Senior, C. and Butler, M.J.R. (2012) The domain of organizational cognitive neuroscience: theoretical and empirical challenges. Journal of Management 38(4): 921–931.
Lee, S.; Pitesa, M.; Pillutla, M. and Thau, S. (2015) When beauty helps and when it hurts: an organizational context model of attractiveness discrimination in selection decisions. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 128: 15–28.
Lefevre, C.E. and Perrett, D.I. (2015) Fruit over sunbed: carotenoid skin colouration is found more attractive than melanin colouration. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 68(2): 284–293.
Lehmann, E.L. and Romano, J.P. (2005) Generalizations of the familywise error rate. Annals of Statistics 33(3): 1138–1154.
Levay, C. (2014) Obesity in organizational context. Human Relations 67(5): 565–585.
Lewis, D. and Rayner, C. (2003) Bullying and Human Resource Management: A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing? InBullying and Emotional Abuse in the Workplace (edited by S. Einarsen, H. Hoel, D. Zapf and C.L. Cooper). London: Taylor and Francis, pp.370–382.
Lewis, M.A. (2006) Nurse bullying: organizational considerations in the maintenance and perpetration of health care bullying cultures. Journal of Nursing Management, 14: 52–58.
Leymann, H. (1990) Mobbing and psychological terror at workplaces. Violence and Victims 5: 119–126.
Leymann, H. (1996) The content and development of mobbing at work. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 5: 165–184.
Leymann, H. and Gustafsson, A. (1996) Mobbing at work and the development of post-traumatic stress disorders. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 5: 251–275.
Lindqvist, E. (2012) Height and leadership. Review of Economics and Statistics 94(4): 1191–1196.
Linstead, A. and Brewis, J. (2004) Editorial: Beyond boundaries: towards fluidity in theorizing and practice. Gender, Work & Organization 11(4): 355–362.
Linstead, S. and Pullen, A. (2006) Gender as multiplicity: desire, displacement, difference and dispersion. Human Relations 59(9): 1287–1310.
Lipton, P. (2004) Inference to the Best Explanation (Second edition). Routledge: London.
Little, A.C. and Hancock, P.J.B. (2002) The role of masculinity and distinctiveness in judgments of human male facial attractiveness. British Journal of Psychology 93(4): 451–464.
Little, A.C.; Burt, D.M.; Penton-Voak, I.S. and Perrett, D.I. (2001) Self-perceived attractiveness influences human female preferences for sexual dimorphism and symmetry in male faces. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 268: 39–44.
Lopez, S.H.; Hodson, R. and Roscigno, V.J. (2009) Power, status, and abuse at work: general and sexual harassment compared. The Sociological Quarterly, 50: 3–27.
Lorber, J. (1994) Paradoxes of Gender. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Lorenz, K. (1931) Beiträge zur Ethologie sozialer Corviden. Journal für Ornithologie 79: 67–127.
Lorenz, K. (2002) On Aggression. London: Routledge.
Lutgen-Sandvik, P. (2008) Intensive remedial identity work: responses to workplace bullying trauma and stigmatization. Organization 15: 97–119.
Lutgen-Sandvick, P.; Tracy, S.J. and Alberts, J.K. (2007) Burned by bullying in the American workplace: prevalence, perception,  degree, and impact. Journal of Management Studies 44: 837–862.
Luxen, M.F. and Van De Vijver, F.J.R. (2006) Facial attractiveness, sexual selection, and personnel selection: when evolved preferences matter. Journal of Organizational Behavior 27(2): 241–255.
MacDuffie, J.P. (1995) Human resource bundles and manufacturing performance: organizational logic and flexible production systems in the world auto industry. Industrial and Labor Relations Review 48(2): 197–221.
Madera, J.M. and Hebl, M.R. (2012) Discrimination against facially stigmatized applicants in interviews: an eye-tracking and face-to-face investigation. Journal of Applied Psychology 97: 317–333.
Mao, J.M.; Haupert, M.L. and Smith, E.R. (2018) How gender identity and transgender status affect perceptions of attractiveness. Social Psychological and Personality Science (Online First): 1–12.
Marlowe, C.M.; Schneider, S.L. and Nelson, C.E. (1996) Gender and attractiveness biases in hiring decisions: are more experienced managers less biased? Journal of Applied Psychology 81: 11–21.
Marques, J.M. and Paez, D. (1994) The “black sheep effect”: social categorization, rejection of ingroup deviates, and perception of group variability. European Review of Social Psychology 5: 37–68.
Martin, W. and LaVan, H. (2010) Workplace bullying: a review of litigated cases. Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 22: 175–194.
Maslow, A.H. (1943) A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review 50: 370–396.
Massey, D.S. and Denton, N.A. (2003) American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Mataiske, W. (2004) Pourquoi pas? Rational choice as a basic theory of HRM. Management Revue 15(2): 249–263.
Matthiesen, S.B. and Einarsen, S. (2001) MMPI-2 configurations among victims of bullying at work. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 10: 467–484.
Matts, P.J.; Fink, B.; Grammer, K. and Burquest, M. (2007) Color homogeneity and visual perception of age, health, and attractiveness of female facial skin. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 57(6): 977–984.
McClelland, G.H. and Judd, C.M. (1993) Statistical difficulties of detecting interactions and moderator effects. Psychological Bulletin 114(2): 376–390.
McConnell, A.R. and Leibold, J.M. (2001) Relations among the implicit association test, discriminatory behavior, and explicit measures of racial attitudes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 37(5): 435–442.
McGinnity, F. and Lunn, P.D. (2011) Measuring discrimination facing ethnic minority job applicants: an Irish experiment. Work, Employment & Society 25(4): 693–708.
McLaughlin, H.; Uggen, C. and Blackstone, A. (2012) Sexual harassment, workplace authority, and the paradox of power. American Sociological Review 77: 625–647.
Mead, G.H. (1967) Mind, Self & Society: from the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist (edited and introduced by C.W. Morris). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Mealey, L.; Bridgstock, R. and Townsend, G.C. (1999) Symmetry and perceived facial attractiveness: a monozygotic co-twin comparison. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 76: 151–158.
Merchant, V. and Hoel, H. (2003) Investigating Complaints of Bullying. In Bullying and Emotional Abuse in the Workplace (edited by S. Einarsen, H. Hoel, D. Zapf and C.L. Cooper). London: Taylor and Francis, pp.259–269.
Mikkelsen, E.G. and Einarsen, S. (2002) Basic assumptions and symptoms of post-traumatic stress among victims of bullying at work. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 11: 87–111.
Mishna, F.; Wiener, J. and Pepler, D. (2008) Some of my best friends—experiences of bullying within friendships. School Psychology International 29: 549–573.
Moayed, F.A.; Daraiseh, N.; Shell, R. and Sam S. (2006) Workplace bullying: a systematic review of risk factors and outcomes. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science 7: 311–327.
Mobius, M.M. and Rosenblat, T.S. (2006) Why beauty matters. American Economic Review 96: 222–235.
Mong, S.N. and Roscigno, V.J. (2010) African American men and the experience of employment discrimination. Qualitative Sociology 33(1): 1–21.
Morrow, P.C. (1990) Physical attractiveness and selection decision making. Journal of Management 16(1): 45–60.
Mugglestone, L. (2007) Talking Proper: The Rise of Accent as Social Symbol. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mulder, R.; Bos, A.E.R.; Pouwelse, M. and van Dam, K. (2017) Workplace mobbing: how the victim’s coping behavior influences bystander responses. Journal of Social Psychology 157: 16–29.
Mulder, R.; Pouwelse, M.; Lodewijkx, H. and Bolman, C. (2014) Workplace mobbing and bystanders’ helping behaviour towards victims: the role of gender, perceived responsibility and anticipated stigma by association. International Journal of Psychology 49: 304–312.
Murphy, G.C. and Athanasou, J.A. (1999) The effect of unemployment on mental health. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 72: 83–99.
Muscarella, F. and Cunningham, M.R. (1996) The evolutionary significance and social perception of male pattern baldness and facial hair. Ethology and Sociobiology 17(2): 99–117.
Nadal, K.L.; Whitman, C.N.; Davis, L.S.; Erazo, T. and Davidoff, K.C. (2016) Microaggressions toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and queergender people: a review of the literature. Journal of Sex Research 53(4/5): 488–508.
Nanda, S. (1999) Neither Man Nor Woman: The Hijras of India (Second Edition). Belmont: Wadsworth.
Neal, D. (2004) The measured black–white wage gap among women is too small. Journal of Political Economy 112(S1): S1–S28.
Neuman, J.H. and Baron, R.A. (1998) Workplace violence and workplace aggression: evidence concerning specific forms, potential causes, and preferred targets. Journal of Management 24: 391–419.
Nguyen, A. (2008) Patriarchy, power, and female masculinity. Journal of Homosexuality 55(4): 655–683.
Nicholson, N. (2005) Objections to evolutionary psychology: reflections, implications and the leadership exemplar. Human Relations 58(3): 393–409.
Nickson, D.; Timming, A.R.; Re, D. and Perrett, D. (2016) Subtle increases in BMI within a healthy weight range still reduce women’s employment chances in the service sector. PLoS ONE 11: e0159659.
Nickson, D., Warhurst, C. and Dutton, E. (2005) The importance of attitude and appearance in the service encounter in retail and hospitality. Managing Service Quality 15(2): 195–208.
Nickson, D.; Warhurst, C.; Witz, A. and Cullen, A.M. (2001) The Importance of Being Aesthetic: Work, Employment and Service Organization. In Customer Service (edited by A. Sturdy, I. Grugulis and H. Willmott). Basingstoke: Palgrave, pp.170–190.
Nielsen, M.B. and Einarsen, S. (2012) Outcomes of exposure to workplace bullying: a meta-analytic review. Work and Stress 26: 309–332.
Nielsen, M.B.; Matthiesen, S.B. and Einarsen, S. (2010) The impact of methodological moderators on prevalence rates of workplace bullying: a meta-analysis.Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 83: 955–979.
Nielsen, M.B.; Nielsen, G.H.; Notelaers, G. and Einarsen, S. (2015) Workplace bullying and suicidal ideation: a 3-wave longitudinal Norwegian study. American Journal of Public Health 105: e23–e28.
Nietzsche, F. (2006) Thus Spoke Zarathustra, A Book for All and None (edited by A. Del Caro and R.B. Pippin). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nofal, A.M.; Nicolaou, N.; Symeonidou, N. and Shane, S. (2018) Biology and management: a review, critique, and research agenda. Journal of Management 44(1): 7–31.
Nolfe, G.; Petrella, C.; Blasi, F.; Zontini, G. and Nolfe, G. (2007) Psychopathological dimensions of harassment in the workplace (mobbing). International Journal of Mental Health 36: 67–85.
Noon, M. (2018) Pointless diversity training: unconscious bias, new racism and agency. Work, Employment and Society, 32: 198–209.
Nosek, B.A.; Greenwald, A.G. and Banaji, M.R. (2007) The Implicit Association Test at Age 7: A Methodological and Conceptual Review. In Automatic Processes in Social Thinking and Behavior (edited by J.A. Bargh). Hove: Psychology Press.
Novit, M.S. (1981) Genetic screening: new challenge for human resource management? Human Resource Management 20(2): 1–8.
Oakes, P. (1996) The Categorization Process: Cognition and the Group in the Social Psychology of Stereotyping. In Social Groups and Identities: Developing the Legacy of Henri Tajfel (edited by W.P. Robinson). Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann, pp.95–120.
Öhman, A. and Mineka, S. (2001) Fears, phobias, and preparedness: toward an evolved module of fear and fear learning. Psychological Review 108: 483–522.
Oppenheimer, D.M.; Meyvis, T. and Davidenko, N. (2009) Instructional manipulation checks: detecting satisficing to increase statistical power. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 45(4): 867–872.
Orne, J. (2013) Queers in the line of fire: Goffman’s Stigma revisited. The Sociological Quarterly 54(2): 229–253.
Oxenbridge, S. and Brown, W. (2004) Achieving a new equilibrium? The stability of cooperative employer–union relationships. Industrial Relations Journal 35(5): 388–402.
Parker, M. (2002) Queering management and organization. Gender, Work and Organization 9(2): 146–166.
Patton, J.H.; Stanford, M.S. and Barratt, E.S. (1995) Factor structure of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology 51: 768–774.
Paull, M.; Omari, M. and Standen, P. (2012) When is a bystander not a bystander? A typology of the roles of bystanders in workplace bullying. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources 50: 351–366.
Paustian-Underdahl, S.C. and Slattery Walker, L. (2015) Revisiting the beauty is beastly effect: examining when and why sex and attractiveness impact hiring judgments. International Journal of Human Resource Management 27: 1034–1058.
Pavey, C.R. and Smyth, A.K. (1998) Effects of avian mobbing on roost use and diet of powerful owls, Ninox Strenua. Animal Behaviour 55: 313–318.
Penton-Voak, I.S.; Jones, B.C.; Little, A.C.; Baker, S.; Tiddeman, B.; Burt, D.M. and Perrett, D.I. (2001) Symmetry, sexual dimorphism in facial proportions and male facial attractiveness. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 268: 1617–1623.
Perrett, D.I.; Burt, D.M.; Penton-Voak, I.S.; Lee, K.J.; Rowland, D.A. and Edwards, R. (1999) Symmetry and human facial attractiveness. Evolution and Human Behavior 20: 295–307.
Perrett, D.I.; Lee, K.J.; Penton-Voak, I.; Rowland, D.; Yoshikawa, S.; Burt, D.M.; Henzi, S.P.; Castles, D.L. and Akamatsu, S. (1998) Effects of sexual dimorphism on facial attractiveness. Nature 394: 884–887.
Persico, N.; Postlewaite, A. and Silverman, D. (2004) The effect of adolescent experience on labor market outcomes: the case of height. Journal of Political Economy 112(5): 1019–1053.
Peterson, R.B. and Lewin, D. (2000) Research on unionized grievance procedures: management issues and recommendations. Human Resource Management, 39: 395–406.
Pettifor, R.A. (1990) The effects of avian mobbing on a potential predator, the European kestrel, Falco tinnunculus. Animal Behaviour 39: 821–827.
Pettinger, L. (2004) Brand culture and branded workers: service work and aesthetic labour in fashion retail. Consumption, Markets & Culture 7: 165–184.
Pezdirc, K.; Rolla, M.E.; Whitehead, R.; Hutchesson, M.J.; Ozakinci, G.; Perrett, D. and Collins, C.E. (2018) Perceptions of carotenoid and melanin coloration in faces among young Australian adults. Australian Journal of Psychology 70(1): 85–90.
Pfeffer, J. (1994) Competitive Advantage Through People: Unleashing the Power of the Work Force. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Phelps, E.A.; O’Connor, K.J.; Cunningham, W.A.; Funayama, E.S.; Gatenby, J.C.; Gore, J.C. and Banaji, M.R. (2000) Performance on indirect measures of race evaluation predicts amygdala activation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12(5): 729–738.
Pilch, I. and Turska, E. (2015) Relationships between Machiavellianism, organizational culture, and workplace bullying: emotional abuse from the target’s and the perpetrator’s perspective. Journal of Business Ethics 128: 83–93.
Pingitore, R.; Dugoni, B.L.; Tindale, R.S. and Spring, B. (1994) Bias against overweight job applicants in a simulated employment interview. Journal of Applied Psychology 79(6): 909–917.
Pound, N.; Lawson, D.W.; Toma, A.M.; Richmond, S.; Zhurov, A.I. and Penton-Voak, I.S. (2014) Facial fluctuating asymmetry is not associated with childhood ill-health in a large British cohort study. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 281: 1–7.
Prasad, A. (2012) Beyond analytical dichotomies. Human Relations 65(5): 567–595.
Presti, D.E. (2016) Foundational Concepts in Neuroscience: A Brain– Mind Odyssey. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
Prokosch, M.D.; Yeo, R.A. and Miller, G.F. (2005) Intelligence tests with higher g-loadings show higher correlations with body symmetry: evidence for a general fitness factor mediated by developmental stability. Intelligence 33: 203–213.
Quillian, L. (2008) Does unconscious racism exist? Social Psychology Quarterly 71(1): 6–11.
Quine, L. (1999) Workplace bullying in NHS community trust: staff questionnaire survey. BMJ 318: 228–231.
Rantala, M.J.; Coetzee, V.; Moore, F.R.; Skrinda, I.; Kecko, S.; Krama, T.; Kivleniece, I. and Krams, I. (2013) Adiposity, compared with masculinity, serves as a more valid cue to immunocompetence in human mate choice. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 280(1751): 20122495.
Rayner, C. (1997) The incidence of workplace bullying. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 7: 199–208.
Rayner, C. and Hoel, H. (1997) A summary review of literature relating to workplace bullying. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 7: 181–191.
Rayner, C.; Sheehan, M. and Barker, M. (1999) Theoretical approaches to the study of bullying at work. International Journal of Manpower 20: 11–16.
Re, D.; Whitehead, R.D.; Xiao, D. and Perrett, D.I. (2011) Oxygenatedblood colour change thresholds for perceived facial redness, health, and attractiveness. PLoS ONE 6(3): e17859.
Reddy, G. (2010) With Respect to Sex: Negotiating Hijra Identity in South India. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Rees, D.C.; Williams, T.N. and Gladwin, M.T. (2010) Sickle-cell disease. The Lancet 376(9757): 2018–2031.
Reik, B.M.; Mania, E.W. and Gaertner, S.L. (2006) Intergroup threat and outgroup attitudes: a meta-analytic review. Personality and Social Psychology Review 10(4): 336–353.
Rhodes, G. (2006) The evolutionary psychology of facial beauty. Annual Review of Psychology 57: 199–226.
Rhodes, G.; Hickford, C. and Jeffrey, L. (2000) Sex typicality and attractiveness: are supermale and superfemale faces super attractive? British Journal of Psychology 91(1): 125–140.
Rhodes, G.; Proffitt, F.; Grady, J.M. and Sumich, A. (1998) Facial symmetry and the perception of beauty. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 5: 659–669.
Rhodes, G.; Yoshikawa, S.; Palermo, R.; Simmons, L.W.; Peters, M.; Lee, K.; Halberstadt, J. and Crawford, J.R. (2007) Perception 36(8): 1244–1252.
Rhodes, G.; Yoshikawa, S.; Clark, A.; Lee, K.; McKay, R. and Akamatsu, S. (2001a) Attractiveness of facial averageness and symmetry in non-western cultures: in search of biologically based standards of beauty. Perception, 30: 611–625.
Rhodes, G.; Zebrowitz, L.A.; Clark, A.; Kalick, S.M.; Hightower, A. and McKay, R. (2001b) Do facial averageness and symmetry signal health? Evolution and Human Behavior 22: 31–46.
Richards, C.; Bouman, W.P.; Seal, L.; Barker, M.J.; Nieder, T.O. and T’Sjoen, G. (2016) Non-binary or genderqueer genders. International Review of Psychiatry 28(1): 95–102.
Richeson, J.A.; Baird, A.A.; Gordon, H.L.; Heatherton, T.F.; Wyland, C.L.; Trawalter, S. and Shelton, J.N. (2003) An fMRI investigation of the impact of interracial contact on executive function. Nature Neuroscience 6: 1323–1328.
Ridley, M. (2003) The Agile Gene: How Nature Turns on Nurture. New York: Harper Collins.
Robinson, S.L.; O’Reilly, J. and Wang, W. (2013) Invisible at work: an integrated model of workplace ostracism. Journal of Management 39: 203–231.
Rockquemore, K.A.; Brunsma, D.L. and Delgado, D.J. (2009) Racing to theory or retheorizing race? Understanding the struggle to build a multiracial identity theory. Journal of Social Issues 65(1): 13–34.
Rooth, D.O. (2007) Implicit Discrimination in Hiring: Real World Evidence. IZA Discussion Paper Series No. 2764.
Rousseau, J.J. (2013) The Social Contract (translated by H.J. Tozer and introduced by D. Matravers). Ware: Wordsworth.
Rubin, H. (2003) Self-Made Men: Identity and Embodiment among Transsexual Men. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.
Rudolph, C.W.; Wells, C.L.; Weller, M.D. and Baltes, B.B. (2009) A meta-analysis of empirical studies of weight-based bias in the workplace. Journal of Vocational Behavior 74: 1–10.
Ruggs, E.N.; Hebl, M.R. and Williams, A. (2015) Weight isn’t selling: the insidious effects of weight stigmatization in retail settings. Journal of Applied Psychology 100(5): 1483–1496.
Ryan, C.S. (1996) Accuracy of black and white college students’ in-group and out-group stereotypes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 22(11): 1114–1127.
Saad, G. (2007) The Evolutionary Bases of Consumption. Mahway: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Saad, G. (2011) The Consuming Instinct: What Juicy Burgers, Ferraris, Pornography, and Gift Giving Reveal about Human Nature. Amhurst: Prometheus.
Salin, D. (2001) Prevalence and forms of bullying among business professionals: a comparison of two different strategies for measuring bullying. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 10: 425–441.
Salin, D. (2003) Ways of explaining workplace bullying: a review of enabling, motivating, and precipitating structures and processes in the work environment. Human Relations 56: 1213–1232.
Sayer, A. (2007) Dignity at work: broadening the agenda. Organization 14: 565–581.
Scheib, J.E.; Gangestad, S.W. and Thornhill, R. (1999) Facial attractiveness, symmetry and cues of good genes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 266: 1913–1917.
Schmidt, F.L. and Hunter, J.E. (1998) The validity and utility of selection methods in personnel psychology: practical and theoretical implications of 85 years of research findings. Psychological Bulletin 124: 262–274.
Schultz, T.P. (2002) Wage gains associated with height as a form of health human capital. American Economic Review 92(2): 349–353.
Schutz, A. (1967) The Phenomenology of the Social World. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.
Schwartz, M.B.; O’Neal Chambliss, H.; Browness, K.D.; Blair, S.N. and Billington, C. (2003) Weight bias among health professionals specializing in obesity. Obesity Research 11(9): 1033–1039.
Scott-Phillips, P., Thomas C.; Dickins, T.E. and Stuart A.W. (2011) Evolutionary theory and the ultimate-proximate distinction in the human behavioral sciences. Perspectives on Psychological Science 6: 38–47.
Sewell, G. (2004) Yabba-dabba-doo! Evolutionary psychology and the rise of Flintstone psychological thinking in organization and management studies. Human Relations 57(8): 923–955.
Shackelford, T.K. and Larsen, R.J. (1999) Facial attractiveness and physical health.Evolution and Human Behavior 20: 71–76.
Shallcross, L.; Sheehan, M. and Ramsay, S. (2008) Workplace mobbing: experiences in the public sector. International Journal of Organisational Behaviour 13: 56–70.
Sherif, M. (2015) Group Conflict and Co-operation: Their Social Psychology. London: Psychology Press.
Simmons, L.W. (2005) The evolution of polyandry: sperm competition, sperm selection and offspring viability. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 36: 125–146.
Singh, D. and Young, R.K. (1995) Body weight, waist-to-hip ratio, breasts, and hips: role in judgments of female attractiveness and desirability for relationships. Ethology and Sociobiology 16(6): 483–507.
Skarlicki, D.P. and Folger, R. (1997) Retaliation in the workplace: the roles of distributive, procedural, and interactional justice. Journal of Applied Psychology 82: 434–443.
Slominski, A.; Tobin, D.J.; Shibahara, S. and Wortsman, J. (2004) Melanin pigmentation in mammalian skin and its hormonal regulation. Physiological Reviews 84(4): 1155–1228.
Smith, K.L.; Cornellisen, P.L. and Tovee, M.J. (2007) Color 3D bodies and judgements of human female attractiveness. Evolution and Human Behavior 28(1): 48–54.
Smith, R.L. (ed.) (1984) Sperm Competition and the Evolution of Animal Mating Systems. Orlando: Academic Press.
Smyth, R.; Jacobs, G. and Rogers, H. (2003) Male voices and perceived sexual orientation: an experimental and theoretical approach. Language in Society 32(3): 329–350.
Spector, P.E.; Coulter, M.L.; Stockwell, H.G. and Matz, M.W. (2007) Perceived violence climate: a new construct and its relationship to workplace physical violence and verbal aggression, and their potential consequences. Work & Stress 21: 117–130.
Spencer, H. (1884) The Principles of Biology. London: Williams & Norgate.
Stephen, I.D.; Coetzee, V.; Smith, M.L and Perrett, D.I. (2009a) Skin blood perfusion and oxygenation colour affect perceived human health. PLoS ONE, 4: e5083.
Stephen, I.D.; Law Smith, M.J.; Stirrat, M.R. and Perrett, D.I. (2009b) Facial skin coloration affects perceived health of human faces. International Journal of Primatology 30(6): 845–857.
Stephen, I.D.; Scott, I.M.L.; Coetzee, V.; Pound, N.; Perrett, D.I. and Penton-Voak, I.S. (2012) Cross-cultural effects of color, but not morphological masculinity, on perceived attractiveness of men’s faces. Evolution and Human Behavior 33(4): 260–267.
Sumerau, J.E.; Mathers, L.A.B.; Nowakowski, A.C.H. and Cragun, R.T. (2017) Helping quantitative sociology come out of the closet. Sexualities 20(5–6): 644–656.
Sumner, W.G. (1940)Folkways—AStudy of the Sociological Importance of Usages, Manners, Customs, Mores and Morals. Boston: Ginn & Co.
Swami, V.; Rozmus-Wrzesinska, M.; Voracek, M.; Haubner, T.; Danel, D. et al. (2008) The influence of skin tone, body weight, and hair colour on perceptions of women’s attractiveness and health: a cross-cultural investigation. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology 6(4): 321–341.
Swann Jr., W.B.; Jetten, J.; Gómez, Á.; Whitehouse, H. and Brock, B. (2012) When group membership gets personal: a theory of identity fusion. Psychological Review 119(3): 441–456.
Szymanski, D.M.; Moffitt, L.B. and Carr, E.R. (2011) Sexual objectification of women: advances to theory and research. The Counseling Psychologist 39(1): 6–38.
Tajfel, H. (1957) Value and the perceptual judgement of magnitude. Psychological Review 64(3): 192–204.
Tajfel, H. (1981) Human Groups and Social Categories: Studies in Social Psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tajfel, H. (1982) Social psychology of intergroup relations. Annual Review of Psychology. 33(1): 1–39.
Tajfel, H. (ed.) (2010) Social Identity and Intergroup Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tajfel, H. and Turner, J.C. (2004) The Social Identity Theory of Intergroup Behavior. In Political Psychology: Key Readings (edited by J.T. Jost and J. Sidanius). New York: Psychology Press, pp.276–293.
Tajfel, H. and Wilkes, A.L. (1963) Classification and quantitative judgement. British Journal of Psychology 54(2): 101–114.
Tepper, B.J. (2007) Abusive supervision and work organizations: review, synthesis, and research agenda. Journal of Management 33: 261–289.
Tews, M.J.; Stafford, K. and Zhu, J. (2009) Beauty revisited: the impact of attractiveness, ability, and personality in the assessment of employment suitability. International Journal of Selection and Assessment 17(1): 92–100.
Thornhill, R. and Gangestad, S.W. (2006) Facial sexual dimorphism, developmental stability, and susceptibility to disease in men and women. Evolution and Human Behavior 27: 131–144.
Timming, A.R. (2010) Dissonant cognitions in European works councils: a “comparative Ethnomethodological” approach. Economic and Industrial Democracy 31(4): 521–535.
Timming, A.R. (2015) Visible tattoos in the service sector: a new challenge to recruitment and selection. Work, Employment & Society, 29(1): 60–78.
Timming, A.R. (2016) Aesthetic Labour. In Encyclopaedia of Human Resource Management (edited by A. Wilkinson and S. Johnstone). Cheltenham, U.K. and Northampton, M.A., U.S.A.: Edward Elgar, pp.7–8.
Timming, A.R. (2017a) Body art as branded labour: At the intersection of employee selection and relationship marketing. Human Relations 70(9): 1041–1063.
Timming, A.R. (2017b) The effect of foreign accent on employability: a study of the aural dimensions of aesthetic labour in customer-facing and non-customer-facing jobs. Work, Employment & Society 31(3): 409–428.
Timming, A.R. and Johnstone, S. (2015) Employee silence and the authoritarian personality: a political psychology of workplace democracy. International Journal of Organizational Analysis 23(1): 154–171.
Timming, A.R. and Perrett, D.I. (2016) Trust and mixed signals: a study of religion, tattoos and cognitive dissonance. Personality and Individual Differences 97: 234–238.
Timming, A.R. and Perrett, D.I. (2017) An experimental study of the effects of tattoo genre on perceived trustworthiness: Not all tattoos are created equal. Journal of Trust Research 7(2): 115–128.
Timming, A.R.; Nickson, D.; Re, D. and Perrett, D. (2017) What do you think of my ink? Assessing the effects of body art on employment chances. Human Resource Management 56(1): 133–149.
Tracy, S.J.; Lutgen-Sandvik, P. and Alberts, J.K. (2006) Nightmares, demons, and slaves: exploring the painful metaphors of workplace bullying. Management Communication Quarterly 20: 148–185.
Trivers, R.L. (1971) The evolution of reciprocal altruism. The Quarterly Review of Biology 46(1): 35–57.
Turner, J.C.; Hogg, M.A.; Oakes, P.J.; Reicher, S.D. and Wetherell, M.S. (1987) Rediscovering the Social Group: A Self-Categorization Theory. New York: Basil Blackwell.
Vandekerckhove, W. and Commers, M.S.R. (2003) Downward workplace mobbing: a sign of the times? Journal of Business Ethics 45: 41–50.
Vartia, M.; Korppoo, L.; Fallenius, S. and Mattila, M.L. (2003) Workplace Bullying: The Role of Occupational Health Services. In Bullying and Emotional Abuse in the Workplace (edited by S. Einarsen, H. Hoel, D. Zapf and C.L. Cooper). London: Taylor and Francis, pp.285–298.
Veblen, T. (1925) The Theory of the Leisure Class. London: George Allen & Unwin.
Wadsworth, M.E.J.; Montgomery, S.M. and Bartley, M.J. (1999) The persisting effect of unemployment on health and social wellbeing in men early in working life. Social Science & Medicine, 48: 1491–1499.
Waitt, C.; Little, A.C.; Wolfensohn, S.; Honess, P.; Brown, A.P.; Buchanan-Smith, H.M. and Perrett, D.I. (2003) Evidence from rhesus macaques suggests that male coloration plays a role in female primate mate choice. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 270(Suppl 2): S144–S146.
Walby, S. (1990) Theorizing Patriarchy. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Warhurst, C. (2016) From Invisible Work to Invisible Workers: The Impact of Service Employers’ Speech Demands on the Working Class. In Invisible Labor: Hidden Work in the Contemporary World (edited by M. Crain, W. Poster and M. Cherry). Oakland: University of California Press.
Warhurst, C. and Nickson, D. (2007) Employee experience of aesthetic labour in retail and hospitality. Work, Employment & Society 21: 103–120.
Warhurst, C. and Nickson, D. (2009) “Who’s got the look?” Emotional, aesthetic and sexualized labour interactive services. Gender, Work & Organization 16: 385–404.
Warhurst, C.; Nickson, D.; Witz, A. and Cullen, A.M. (2000) Aesthetic labour in interactive service work: some case study evidence from the “new” Glasgow. Service Industries Journal 20: 1–18.
Warhurst, C.; van den Broek, D.; Hall, R. and Nickson, D. (2009) Lookism: the new frontier of employment discrimination. Journal of Industrial Relations, 51: 131–136.
Weichselbaumer, D. and Winter-Ember, R. (2005) A meta-analysis of the international gender wage gap. Journal of Economic Surveys 19(3): 479–511.
West, C. and Zimmerman, D. (1987) Doing gender. Gender & Society 1(2): 125–151.
West, S.A.; Griffin, A.S.; Gardner, A. and Diggle, S.P. (2006) Social evolution theory for microorganisms. Nature Reviews Microbiology 4: 597–607.
White, R.E.; Thornhill, S. and Hampson, E. (2006) Entrepreneurs and evolutionary biology: the relationship between testosterone and new venture creation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 100(1): 21–34.
Whitehead, N.L. (2004). On the Poetics of Violence. In Violence (edited by N.L. Whitehead). Santa Fe: School of American Research.
Williams, G.C. (2008) Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Willness, C.R.; Steel, P. and Lee, K. (2007) A meta-analysis of the antecedents and consequences of workplace sexual harassment. Personnel Psychology 60: 127–162.
Wilson, E.O. (1975) Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Wilson, W.J. (1997) When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor. New York: Vintage.
Wolf, N. (1991) The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty Are Used Against Women. London: Vintage.
Wood, S. (1999) Human resource management and performance. International Journal of Management Reviews 1(4): 367–413.
Woodrow, C. and Guest, D.E. (2014) When good HR gets bad results: exploring the challenge of HR implementation in the case of workplace bullying. Human Resource Management Journal 24: 38–56.
Wright, T.A. and Diamond, W.J. (2006) Getting the “pulse” of your employees: the use of cardiovascular research in better understanding behavior in organizations. Journal of Organizational Behavior 27(3): 395–401.
Wyss, S.E. (2004) “This was my hell”: the violence experienced by gender non-conforming youth in US high schools. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education 17(5): 709–730.
Zaidel, D.W.; Aarde, S.M. and Baig, K. (2005) Appearance of symmetry, beauty and health in human faces. Brain and Cognition 57: 261–263.
Zapf, D. (1999) Organisational, group work related and personal causes of mobbing/bullying at work. International Journal of Manpower 20: 70–85.
Zapf, D. and Einarsen, S. (2003) Individual Antecedents of Bullying: Victims and Perpetrators. In Bullying and Emotional Abuse in the Workplace (edited by S. Einarsen, H. Hoel, D. Zapf and C.L. Cooper). London: Taylor and Francis, pp.165–184.
Zapf, D. and Einarsen, S. (2005) Mobbing at Work: Escalated Conflicts in Organizations. In Counterproductive Work Behavior: Investigations of Actors and Targets (edited by S. Fox and P.E. Spector). Washington, D.C.: APA, pp.237–270.
Zapf, D. and Gross, C. (2001) Conflict escalation and coping with workplace bullying: A replication and extension. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 10: 497–522.
Zebrowitz, L.A.; Hall, J.A.; Murphy, N.A. and Rhodes, G. (2002) Looking smart and looking good: facial cues to intelligence and their origins. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 28: 238–249.
Zimbardo, P. (2007) The Lucifer Effect. New York: Random House.