Introduction: Theorizing corruption across disciplines
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This introductory chapter illustrates through a historical perspective the development of mainstream theories on the study of corruption in political science, economics, legal studies and criminology. The final inference is that none of these theories entirely captures the complexity of corruption in society. In the second part of the chapter, the contribution of “culture” to the study of corruption is analysed, in relation to existing theorisations about normative approaches, political and national cultures. In the third part of the chapter, the focus is on approaches from anthropology, sociology and organisational science. This section spots some of the theoretical novelties and gap-filling aspects of the cultural theory of corruption applying them to four domains: individuals, cognition, institutions and organisations. The chapter ends by introducing methodology and contextualizing the book contents across chapters.