Geography has been one of the earliest disciplines to get involved in tourism research. This chapter reviews the conceptualization of tourism geography in a globalizing world, and the diverse theoretical and methodological approaches. To theorize the perspectives in the discipline, the spatio-temporal, social and political-economic dimensions are investigated. The ‘global–local nexus’ is employed as a central structure in understanding the dialectics of production and consumption and tensions between the global and the local. And it is pointed out that, the ‘cultural turn’ and non-representational conditions and concerns have influenced the growth of interest in tourism by human geographers. The chapter also reflects on the shifting trends in global tourism industry. Tourism in emerging world regions are now adding to the complexity of the phenomenon. This highlights the demand for new, innovative theoretical perspectives to explore emerging issues.