This chapter engages with the debate on the role of voluntary sustainability standards (VSS) in public procurement. The main argument is that they can play an important role in fostering compliance with human rights in global supply chains, but can only do that for a specific set of (labour) rights. The chapter first discusses how VSS currently feature in public procurement. Next the chapter focuses on how VSS operate and why they are potentially relevant instruments to implement the protection of human rights through supply chains. The third part focuses on the intersection of VSS and human rights in the context of public procurement.
Axel Marx and Jan Wouters
Global governance emerged as a concept more than two decades ago. Despite its relevance to key processes underlying the major public policy questions of our age, the contours of 'global governance' remain contested and elusive. This Research Review seeks to clarify key trends and challenges in global governance by bringing together the leading scholarship on its different forms. The Literature Review Article discusses key issues in relation to global governance institutions: democracy, legitimacy, accountability, fragmentation, effectiveness and dispute settlement.