Resilience is a very popular word in regional science. Despite that, contributions concerning empirical insights are still limited. The aim of the chapter is to investigate the elements that make an area able to withstand a shock. While literature normally focuses on regions, our chapter focuses on provinces as a source of resilience. Analysis developed at regional level might underestimate the importance of firms’ behaviour that is an important component of resilience. Using the LLS data for Italy, we explore how re-orientation and variety can contribute to create resilience at a provincial level.