How would or should an international agreement on the maximum permissible level of global warming manifest itself in the everyday lives of citizens? As a ‘front line’ in the battle between conservation of the local environment and conservation of the global climate, we have seen the eruption of many siting controversies of wind farms and other renewable energy facilities. In an effort to identify the potential emergence of new types of energy landscapes (and the threat of associated conflicts), the chapter explores the spatio-temporal flows that gave rise to new energy landscapes during the Industrial Revolution and the (re)balancing acts now required between different landscapes in order to achieve agreed emission reduction targets at the national level.
Dan van der Horst
Phillip Bruner, Richard Harrison and Dan Van der Horst
Sustainable entrepreneurs responding to climate change are presented with opportunities to earn profits in a market where political economic factors play a defining role. According to theories of sustainable entrepreneurship, entrepreneurs design businesses that can capitalize on sustainable market opportunities because of market failures or market disequilibrium. However, commercial and non-commercial actors intervene in the market for sustainable goods and services, using their political influence to shape the competitive landscape. When viewed through the lens of critical theory, where market intervention is expected and power dynamics emphasized, the practice of sustainable entrepreneurship takes on political economic dimensions. In addition to its explanatory power, viewing sustainable entrepreneurship through the lens of critical theory may afford certain advantages to entrepreneurs who may account for political economic factors when developing strategies to capture market share. At the same time, the practice of sustainable entrepreneurship may be seen as an effective method for addressing climate change by driving a global shift to a more sustainable, low carbon political economy.