Alfredo José de Sousa
Adriane Vieira, José Antônio de Sousa Neto and Maria Teresa Roscoe
Tamara Álvarez Lorente, José Luís Sousa Soares de Oliveira Braga and Antonio Barros Cardoso
Rural depopulation as a demographic and territorial phenomenon entails demographic, economic and territorial imbalances, and serious social problems. Thus, rural depopulation has been the origin of the crisis in the fields, which has led to the steady decline in the weight of agriculture in the economy, and the low income derived from it. In this chapter, we will approach the problem of rural depopulation in Spain and Portugal from a quantitative perspective through the exploitation of secondary data obtained from various official sources, alluding to the problems derived from such depopulation. In addition, we deepen our analysis by making an intra-regional comparison between the two countries of the contiguous and similar rural slope regions at a geographical and historical level. Demographic hardship brought a need to reconvert the rural space. In this regard, we will mention how public authorities have turned rural areas into “multifunctional” and sometimes “consumption” spaces, seeking to correspond to a demand for leisure and tourism in urban populations.
Charbel Jose Chiappetta Jabbour and Ana Beatriz Lopes de Sousa Jabbour
The objective of this chapter is to present the fundamentals of green human resource management (GHRM) for adopting environmentallysustainable supply chain management, also known as green supply chain management (GSCM). This chapter aims to: (1) present the main premises of GHRM; (2) present the main premises of GSCM; (3) argue in favour of integrating these two emerging fields of knowledge; (4) demonstrate how these two fields of knowledge can be related, based on a synergistic and integrative framework. Such integration is highly relevant, because supply chain management initiatives are heavily dependent on aspects of human resource management. This chapter presents the essentials of this field of knowledge, as well as cutting-edge research results.