Judith K. Pringle
Judith K. Pringle and Rachel Wolfgramm
Edited by Lize A.E. Booysen, Regine Bendl and Judith K. Pringle
Lize A.E. Booysen, Judith K. Pringle and Regine Bendl
This chapter introduces the purpose, audience, structure and content of the 22 chapter edited volume, Handbook of Research Methods on Diversity Management, Equality and Inclusion at Work. It gives a short overview of EDI research and discourses, and concludes that common qualitative and quantitative research approaches fall far short of addressing the challenges of EDI research and have to be re-visited and even reinvented to further explain the complex processes of EDI. This Handbook addresses the aforementioned gap, represents the distillation of knowledge of the empirical EDI discourse and aims to become a benchmark volume that synthesises existing EDI literature, helping to define and shape the present and future EDI research and discourse. This Handbook is organised into three parts, ‘Part I Research dilemmas in EDI’, ‘Part II Methodology and methods for collecting EDI material’ and ‘Part III Methods and techniques for EDI data analysis’.
Judith K. Pringle and Lize A.E. Booysen
This chapter gives a short historical review of research methods including a discussion of ontology (science of the nature of truth), epistemology (science of knowing), axiology (science of the nature of value and ethics) and methodology (science of research methods). Other definitional issues such as research approaches, paradigms, methods and techniques are clarified and defined. Rather than focusing on the artificial distinction between quantitative and qualitative research approaches, this chapter uses research paradigms as the organising principle. To that effect it gives a cursory overview of the major research paradigms, namely, positivist and post positivist, interpretivist/constructivist, post-structuralist/postmodern and critical/radical/transformative paradigms, emerging paradigms, such as Kaupapa M_ori, plus some pragmatic paradigm mixing possibilities. The applicability of each of these research paradigms for EDI research is discussed, followed by the way forward for EDI research, which sets the stage for the rest of the chapters.