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  • Author or Editor: Juho Luukkonen x
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Juho Luukkonen

Spatial planning has been studied extensively in the field of political geography. However, the studies have often taken a rather narrow and nominalist view on how the state apparatuses operate in particular political geographical settings and how they expand their territorial reach through large-scale planning projects. In these instrumentalist studies, planning is approached as a tool in the hands of the state apparatus, while leaving to the margins thorough analyses of the planning-state nexuses in the wider context of the politics of rescaling and restructuring of states. Due to its capacity to fuse populations and geographical areas into governable territorial entities, spatial planning is among the key governmental technologies through which the state operates geographically and through which the state is brought into being as a spatio-political object. Yet, seen in the context of broader conceptualizations of the state as an ensemble of manifold institutional and social relations, such as Jessop’s (1990) strategic-relational approach or Gramsci’s (2007) ‘integral state’ approach, spatial planning appears as something much more than merely a monopolist asset of the state government.

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Sami Moisio, Juho Luukkonen and Andrew E.G. Jonas

This chapter elaborates upon political geographies of globalization. By this we refer to the different political discourses and related imaginaries, policy practices and regimes of governance through which globalization can be understood as being constantly produced in and through political geographical formations. We comprehend globalization both as an actually existing process which links places – cities, regions, etc., institutions (especially the state) and people (notably workers) – and creates interdependencies between them, and as a politically loaded rhetorical device used to rationalize and legitimate political decisions and policy practices. We single out three interlinked and partly overlapping issues through which the political geographies of globalization can be mapped out: the spatial formations of globalization and the state, the ‘globalizing’ role and ‘globalized’ nature of public policy, and the globalizing regimes and policies of labour.

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Edited by Sami Moisio, Natalie Koch, Andrew E.G. Jonas, Christopher Lizotte and Juho Luukkonen

This authoritative Handbook presents a comprehensive analysis of the spatial transformation of the state; a pivotal process of globalization. It explores the state as an ongoing project that is always changing, illuminating the new spaces of geopolitics that arise from these political, social, cultural, and environmental negotiations.
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Sami Moisio, Andrew E.G. Jonas, Natalie Koch, Christopher Lizotte and Juho Luukkonen

In this extensive introductory chapter, we introduce the reader to some basic information and concepts underpinning geographical approaches to the state. We first make a rudimentary mapping of some of the geographical approaches to the state before the 1970s. Second, we consider some more recent approaches that have appeared since the 1980s. Third, we reflect upon ‘methodological globalism’ as one of the challenges in a geographical study of the state as a dynamic socio-spatial organization. Finally, we outline research topics that merit attention in future research on the changing geographies of the state.