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Kevin R. Cox

The state is an essential aspect of capital’s division of labour, it lays down necessary conditions for the accumulation process that capital, in virtue of its nature, could not. The state has its own logics but there are limits to its independence of action. Whether state officials are aware or not, the state has to function for capital and there are mechanisms through which this end is secured. The state is geographically fragmented and has a strong scalar character. Fundamental to this fragmentation is uneven development. This would be of limited movement if it were not for a contradiction between capital’s necessary fixity and its necessary mobility. This can make uneven development a major class stake, prompting attempts to reorganize the state’s territorial structure.

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Kevin R. Cox

The most recent round of globalization generated an enhanced interest in geographic scale. The contributions of the scalar restructuring school have been particularly prominent. While some of the empirical tendencies identified there can be disputed, the major concern in this chapter is its under-specification of the capitalist nature of processes of scale formation and the associated role of geographically uneven development and both between and within countries.