This chapter discusses the multiple empirical methods that have been and should continue to be used to study music copyright. It begins by explaining why music copyright stands out as a unique field within copyright law and the degree to which music copyright represents a tailored legal regime. It then explains the motivation for employing research methods beyond quantitative studies of observational data, focusing on the scarcity of data. The heart of the chapter surveys a range of sources, from popular-press books about the music industry and music-industry histories to interview and survey-based academic studies. Finally, looking forward, the chapter advocates a multifaceted methodological approach to the many questions that remain open regarding music copyright as a result of technological change, business innovation, and legal reforms.