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Phillip Paiement

The European Union’s 2009 Renewable Energy Directive delegated to private voluntary schemes the task of monitoring biomass production sites and ensuring their compliance with the Directive’s sustainability requirements. This chapter assesses the consequences of the European Commission’s delegation for the administrative governance of non-state sustainable biofuel standards operating outside the EU, focusing in particular on the effects this governance interaction has on the involvement of vulnerable stakeholders in the governance of sustainable biofuels. Complementing the transnational business governance interactions (TBGIs) framework with governance assemblage theory, this chapter provides a meso-level analysis of the character and effects of the EU’s interaction with non-state governance schemes. The chapter concludes that the Commission avoided its role in reviewing the transparency of these non-state bodies, thereby stimulating the growth of a field of sustainability governance with decreasing levels of accountability and accessibility for vulnerable stakeholders.