Entrepreneurship Research in Europe
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Entrepreneurship Research in Europe

Evolving Concepts and Processes

Edited by Odd Jarl Borch, Alain Fayolle, Paula Kyrö and Elisabet Ljunggren

This engaging and topical book demonstrates the importance of entrepreneurship research at a time of turbulent environments, as well as highlighting the most recent developments in the field. It explores important avenues of new research and compares the differences in entrepreneurship between countries and regions. Viewing entrepreneurship as a dynamic learning and developmental process, the contributors discuss how the new ideological dialogue of entrepreneurship has started to expand its scope from business to society.
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Chapter 2: Temporal Stability of Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Longitudinal Study

Francisco Liñán, Juan C. Rodríguez-Cohard and Joaquín Guzmán


Francisco Liñán, Juan C. Rodríguez-Cohard and Joaquín Guzmán INTRODUCTION Entrepreneurship is considered as a process that occurs over time (Bygrave,  2003; Dubini and Aldrich, 1991; Gartner, 2004; Jack and Anderson, 2002; Liñán, 2007). More recently, cognitive models have received considerable attention (Busenitz and Lau, 1996; De Carolis and Saparito, 2006; Shepherd and Zacharakis, 2003; Westhead et al., 2005). According to authors such as Baron (1998, 2004), the cognitive perspective has much to offer in the understanding of the entrepreneurial process. Entrepreneurial cognition is quite a broad concept and may include many different topics. In this sense, Baron and Ward (2004) specifically include the study of entrepreneurial intentions within it. Several studies have applied intention models to explain the decision to start a firm. In particular, the applicability of the planned behaviour approach (Ajzen, 1991) to entrepreneurship has been consistently corroborated. A number of studies have tried to explain the factors and variables that explain intention. Empirical analyses of entrepreneurial intentions are increasingly common (Autio et al., 2001; Erikson, 1999; Kolvereid, 1996; Krueger, 1993; Krueger et al., 2000; Lee and Wong, 2004; Liñán and Chen, 2009; Peterman and Kennedy, 2003; Tkachev and Kolvereid, 1999; Veciana et al., 2005). However, very few attempts have been made to date to analyse the temporal progression in intention (whether intention is stable over time); or the intention–behaviour link. Only in relation to effectiveness of education have changes in attitudes and intentions been measured. In this sense, Souitaris et...

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