Chapter 2: International Data Transfers: Selecting Compliance Mechanisms
If your company does not collect, use or process any personal data from other countries, you can skip this chapter or save it for later. But, most companies do, either because they have employees, customers, suppliers or other business partners in other jurisdictions, or because their customers, suppliers or other business partners do. If so, you will probably have to select and implement specific compliance mechanisms – either because your foreign business partners demand this or because you are responsible for the compliance status of the foreign entities (e.g., because they are your company’s subsidiaries). Then, the considerations set forth in this section will need to be taken into account. In practice, companies tend to agonize over this quite a bit, particularly with respect to European data protection law requirements. That is why the topic receives its own chapter. In general, businesses find international activities challenging because they have to understand and comply with requirements of laws, markets, languages, technology standards, cultures and other factors of multiple countries. This is the case also with respect to data privacy law compliance. Few businesses can satisfy themselves that they do not receive, use, host or send personal data across jurisdictional borders. After all, the decentralized data transmission structure of the Internet means that any company using email, Internet, telephony or the World Wide Web routinely sends and receives data through cables, satellites, antennas, routers and other communication equipment on foreign territories. This is true even for companies that have no other foreign interests...
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