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The Rise of the Hybrid Domain

Collaborative Governance for Social Innovation

Yuko Aoyama and Balaji Parthasarathy

By conceptualizing the rise of the hybrid domain as an emerging institutional form that overlaps public and private interests, this book explores how corporations, states, and civil society organizations develop common agendas, despite the differences in their primary objectives. Using evidence from India, it examines various cases of social innovation in education, energy, health, and finance, which offer solutions for some of the most pressing social challenges of the twenty-first century.
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Yuko Aoyama and Balaji Parthasarathy

We are grateful to many organizations and individuals who supported us throughout the research and writing phases of this project. The book is an outcome of a collaborative research conducted with funding from the National Science Foundation (BCS-1127329), with field research conducted in India and elsewhere between 2011 and 2015. A Rockefeller Foundation Academic Writing Residency in Bellagio in 2015 gave us invaluable encounters with a wide-ranging set of colleagues from various interdisciplinary backgrounds. We are grateful to Judith Rodin, Claudia Juech, Pilar Palacia and Elena Ongania, in their respective capacities for supporting our work, giving us new exposure, and an enormously rewarding intellectual experience. We much appreciate valuable inputs from fellow residents who attended our seminar: Michael Blake, Alex Freund, Suzanne Lacy, Christine Lucia, Afaf and Mahmoud Meleis, Kate O’Regan, Barbara Rubin, Pierre Sauvage, and Anya Stiglitz; and our special thanks goes to Joseph Stiglitz, Julia Marton-Lefèvre, Djavad Salehi-Isfahani, and Evan Thomas who spent extra time sharing their thoughts on our project. Balaji Parthasarathy would also like to thank Amitabh Matoo and the Australia India Institute at the University of Melbourne for offering him an Emerging Leader Fellowship in 2013. The Fellowship allowed him to sharpen the conceptualization of the project in its early stages.

We are also grateful to many colleagues for moral, intellectual, and substantive support. In particular, we thank Bjørn Asheim, Cristina Chaminade, S. Sadagopan, AnnaLee Saxenian, Allen Scott, Jonathan Storper, and Henry Yeung, for their support and helping us through the process. Special and enormous thanks goes to Michael Storper, Karen Chapple, Rory Horner, Vinod Vyasulu, Haripriya Rangan, and Norma Rantisi for reading drafts of the manuscript and offering incisive criticism as well as encouragement. We also acknowledge doctoral students at Clark, and post-docs and research assistants at IIITB who worked on the project: Rory Horner, Seth Schindler, Younglong Kim, Yifan Cai, Niveditha Menon, Mandar Kulkarni, Kavitha Narayanan, and Rishi Singh.

Our thanks go to all the interview and survey participants who volunteered their time and shared insights for this research. They spanned across for-profit and non-profit arenas, and it is their insights, dedication, and hard work that allowed us to get a glimpse of the realities on the ground. Without their generous contributions and their sharing of time, thoughts, and inputs, this project would not have been possible, for which we are deeply indebted. And last but not least, we are indebted to our family and friends, near and far, whose support and understanding makes our work not only possible, but also enjoyable.

Yuko Aoyama led the conceptualizing and writing of this book. Field work was undertaken jointly. Balaji co-authored Sections 2.2, 5.1 and Chapter 7, besides providing inputs to the rest of the book. We remain jointly responsible for any errors that remain.

Yuko Aoyama,

with Balaji Parthasarathy

Bangalore, Bellagio, Worcester