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The Rise of the Hybrid Domain

Collaborative Governance for Social Innovation

Yuko Aoyama and Balaji Parthasarathy

By conceptualizing the rise of the hybrid domain as an emerging institutional form that overlaps public and private interests, this book explores how corporations, states, and civil society organizations develop common agendas, despite the differences in their primary objectives. Using evidence from India, it examines various cases of social innovation in education, energy, health, and finance, which offer solutions for some of the most pressing social challenges of the twenty-first century.
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Abbreviations

Yuko Aoyama and Balaji Parthasarathy

ATM               Automated teller machine

BOP                Base-of-the-pyramid

BPO                Business process outsourcing

BRAC             NGO in Bangladesh, formerly Bangladesh Rehabilitation Assistance Committee

BRICS            Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa

CEO                Chief Executive Officer

CIC                 Community Interest Company (UK)

CSO                Central Statistical Office (India)

CSP                Customer Service Point

CSR                Corporate social responsibility

DAC               Development Assistance Committee

EPA                Environmental Protection Agency (USA)

FDI                 Foreign direct investment

FMCGs           Fast-moving consumer goods

GBP                British Pound Sterling

GDP                Gross domestic product

GPPP              Global public–private partnership

HBS                Harvard Business School

HNWI             High-net-worth individual

HQ                  Headquarters

ICT                  Information and communication technology

IMF                 International Monetary Fund

INR                 Indian Rupee

IP                    Intellectual Property

ISI                   Import substitution-led industrialization

L3C                 Low-profit limited liability company (USA)

MGNREGA    Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (India)

MIT                 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MNE                Multinational enterprise

MOP                Middle-of-the-pyramid

MOU                Memorandum of understanding

MSMEs            Micro, small and medium enterprises

NASSCOM      National Association of Software and Services Companies (India)

NCX                 National Commodity Exchange (India)

NGO                 Non-governmental organization

NRHM              National Rural Health Mission (India)

NRI                   Non-resident Indian

ODA                 Official development assistance

OECD               Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

PMGSY             Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana or the Prime Minister’s Rural Roads Program (India)

POS                   Point-of-sale

PPP                    Public–private partnership

PV                      Photovoltaic

R&D                  Research and development

RFP                    Request for proposal

RTBI                  Rural Technology and Business Incubator

S&T                   Science and technology

SE                      Social enterprise/entrepreneur

SHG                   Self-help group

SMEs                 Small- and medium-sized enterprises

SMS                   Short message service

SSA                    Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan or the Education for All Movement (India)

SSBM                Socially sustainable business model

STs                     Scheduled Tribes

TSE                    Transnational social enterprise/entrepreneur

UNCTAD           United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

USD                   US Dollar

VAT                    Value-added tax