Collaborative Governance for Social Innovation
In this chapter, we provide the context for social innovation we observed in India. Among the BRICs, not only is India the poorest country in relative terms (per capita Gross National Income) but also in an absolute sense (people living below USD 3.10 a day) (Table 5.1). Yet, the Global Innovation Report 2015 also classifies India (along with China) as an outperformer, relative to other countries with similar levels of development in innovation inputs and outputs.
To place in historical perspective why India lags the BRICS on many indicators, and to also understand why it is considered an innovation outperformer, the following section will provide a brief overview of economic development policies in India. It will then explain how the policies have created opportunities and spaces for social innovation in the hybrid domain.
Table 5.1 Macro-economic indicators: BRICS countries
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