An Overview of Asymmetrical Development
Chapter 3 focuses on the regional socio-economic asymmetries characterizing African development. It analyses economic growth over time, measured by an increase in gross domestic product (GDP) and per capita GDP, and human development, expressed as improvements in the human condition (education, health and life expectancy). Regional Economic Communities (RECs) differ considerably in terms of their populations and their endowments of land and natural resources. Asymmetries among and within RECs relate to the economic dominance of a few countries, as well as to substantial differences in the achievements on the Human Development Index and the incidence of multidimensional poverty.
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