References
Full access

No extract available

Acker, J. (1992), ‘From sex roles to gendered institutions’, Contemporary Sociology, 21, 5: 565–9.
Ackerly, B. and True, J. (2013), ‘Methods and methodologies’, in Waylen, G., Celis, K., Kantola, J. and Weldon, L. (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Politics, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 135–59.
Adema, W. (2012), ‘Setting the scene: The mix of family policy objectives and packages across the OECD’, Children and Youth Services Review, 34, 3: 487–98.
Akgunduz, Y. E. and Plantenga, J. (2013), ‘Labour market effects of parental leave in Europe’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 37, 4: 845–62.
Altintas, E. and Sullivan, O. (2017), ‘Trends in fathers’ contribution to housework and childcare under different welfare policy regimes’, Social Politics, 24, 1: 81–108.
Anderson, K. (2015), Social Policy in the European Union, London: Palgrave.
Anttonen, A. and Sipilä, J. (1996), ‘European social care services: Is it possible to identify models?’, Journal of European Social Policy, 6, 2: 87–100.
Anttonen, A. and Zechner, M. (2011), ‘Theorising care and care work’, in Pfau-Effinger, B. and Rostgaard, T. (eds), Care between Work and Welfare in European Societies, London: Routledge, pp. 15–34.
Arat-Koç, S. (2018), ‘Migrant and domestic and care workers: Unfree labour, crises of social reproduction and the unsustainability of life under “vagabond capitalism”’, in Elias, J. and Roberts, A. (eds), Handbook of the International Political Economy of Gender, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 411–26.
Armstrong, K. A. (2011), ‘The character of EU law and governance: From “Community method” to new modes of governance’, Current Legal Problems, 64, 1: 179–214.
Atkinson, A. B., Casarico, A. and Voitchovsky, S. (2016), Top Incomes and the Gender Divide, Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series, Working Paper No. 27/16, Melbourne: University of Melbourne.
Aulenbacher, B., Lutz, H. and Riegraf, B. (2018), ‘Introduction: Towards a global sociology of care and care work’, Current Sociology, 66, 4: 495–502.
Avram, S., Popova, D. and Rastrigina, O. (2016), Accounting for Gender Differences in the Distributional Effects of Tax and Benefit Policy Changes, EUROMOD Working Paper No. EM7/16, Essex, UK: Institute for Social and Economic Research.
Bacchi, C. (1999), Women, Policy and Politics: The Construction of Policy Problems, London: Sage.
Bacchi, C. (2009), Analysing Policy: What’s the Problem Represented to Be?, Malaysia: Pearson.
Bacchi, C. (2017), ‘Policies as gendering practices: Re-viewing categorical distinctions’, Journal of Women, Politics, and Policy, 38, 1: 20–41.
Baldassar, L. and Merla, L. (eds) (2013), Transnational Families, Migration and the Circulation of Care: Understanding Mobility and Absence in Family Life, London: Routledge.
Baldwin, P. (1990), The Politics of Social Solidarity: Class Bases of the European Welfare States, 1875–1975, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Barcelona European Council (2002), Presidency Conclusions Barcelona 15–16 March 2002, Brussels: European Commission.
Barrett, M. (1980), Women’s Oppression Today: Problems in Marxist Feminist Analysis, London: Verso.
Becker, G. S. (1981), A Treatise on the Family, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Beechey, V. (1982), ‘The sexual division of labour and the labour process: A critical assessment of Braverman’, in Wood, S. (ed), The Degradation of Work? Skill, Deskilling and the Labour Process, London: Hutchinson, pp. 54–73.
Béland, D. (2005), ‘Ideas and social policy: An institutionalist perspective’, Social Policy & Administration, 39, 1: 1–18.
Béland, D. and Cox, R. H. (eds) (2011), Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bennett, F. (1983), ‘The state, welfare and women’s dependence’, in Segal, L. (ed.), What Is to Be Done about the Family? London: Penguin Books, pp. 190–214.
Bennett, F. (2013), ‘Researching within-household distribution: Overview, developments, debates and methodological challenges’, Journal of Marriage and Family, 75, 3: 582–97.
Bennett, F. and Daly, M. (2014), Poverty Through a Gender Lens, Oxford: Department of Social Policy and Intervention.
Berk, S. F. (1985), The Gender Factory: The Apportionment of Work in American Households, New York: Plenum Press.
Betti, G., Bettio, F., Geordiadis, T. and Tinios, P. (2015), Unequal Ageing in Europe: Women’s Independence and Pensions, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Bettio, F. (2017), ‘Can we call it a revolution? Women, the labour market, and European policy’, in Auth, D., Hergenhan, J. and Holland-Cunz, B. (eds), Gender and Family in European Economic Policy, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 15–39.
Bettio, F. and Plantenga, J. (2004), ‘Comparing care regimes in Europe’, Feminist Economics, 10, 1: 85–113.
Bettio, F. and Verashchagina, A. (2014), ‘Women and men in the “great European recession”’, in Karamessini, M. and Rubery, J. (eds), Women and Austerity: The economic crisis and the future of gender equality, London: Routledge, pp. 57–81.
Bettio, F., Simonazzi, A. and Villa, P. (2006), ‘Change in care regimes and female migration: The “care drain” in the Mediterranean’, Journal of European Social Policy, 16, 3: 271–85.
Bianchi, S. M. (2011), ‘Family change and time allocation in American families’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 638: 21–44.
Blackburn, S. (1995), ‘How useful are feminist theories of the welfare state?’, Women’s History Review, 4, 3: 369–94.
Blyth, M. M. (1997), ‘Any more bright ideas? The ideational turn of comparative political economy’, Comparative Politics, 29, 2: 229–50.
Boeckmann, I., Misra, J. and Budig, M. (2015), ‘Cultural and institutional factors shaping mothers’ employment and working hours in postindustrial countries’, Social Forces, 93: 1301–33.
Bonoli, G. (2005), ‘The politics of the new social policies: Providing coverage against new social risks in mature welfare states’, Policy and Politics, 33, 3: 431–49.
Bould, S., Crespi, I. and Schmaus, G. (2012), ‘The cost of a child, mothers’ employment behaviour and economic insecurity in Europe’, International Review of Sociology, 22, 1: 5–23.
Bradley, H. (2013), Gender, 2nd edition, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Brady, D. and Kall, D. (2008), ‘Nearly universal, but somewhat distinct: The feminization of poverty in affluent Western democracies, 1869– 2000’, Social Science Research, 37, 3: 976–1007.
Brady, D., Blome, A. and Kmec, J. A. (2018), ‘Work–family reconciliation policies and women’s and mothers’ labor market outcomes in rich democracies’, forthcoming in Socio-Economic Review, Open Science Framework, https://academic.oup.com/ser/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/ser/mwy045/5288701?redirectedFrom=fulltext.
Brandth, B. and Kvande, E. (1998), ‘Masculinity and childcare: The reconstruction of fathering’, Sociological Review, 46, 2: 293–313.
Brocas, A.-M. (1988), ‘Equal treatment of men and women in social security: An overview’, International Social Security Review, 41, 3: 231–49.
Budig, M. J. and Misra, J. (2011), ‘How care-work employment shapes earnings in cross-national perspective’, International Labour Review, 149, 4: 441–60.
Budig, M. J., Misra, J. and Boeckmann, I. (2012), ‘The motherhood penalty in cross-national perspective: The importance of work-family policies and cultural attitudes’, Social Politics, 19, 2: 163–93.
Budig, M. J., Misra, J. and Boeckmann, I. (2016), ‘Work-family policy trade-offs for mothers? Unpacking cross-national variation in motherhood earnings penalties’, Work and Occupations, 43, 2: 119–77.
Budlender, D. (ed.) (2010), Time Use Studies and Unpaid Care Work, New York: Routledge.
Burri, S. and Prechal, S. (2013), EU Gender Equality Law: Update 2013, Brussels: European Commission.
Burström, B. (2015), ‘Sweden – Recent changes in welfare state arrangements’, International Journal of Health Services, 45, 1: 87–104.
Calnitsky, D. (2019), ‘The high-hanging fruit of the gender revolution: A model of social reproduction and social change’, Sociological Theory, 37, 1: 35–61.
Campbell, J. L. (2002), ‘Ideas, politics and public policy’, Annual Review of Sociology, 28: 21–38.
Cantillon, B. (2011), ‘The paradox of the social investment state: Growth, employment and poverty in the Lisbon era’, Journal of European Social Policy, 21, 5: 432–49.
Castellano, R. and Rocca, A. (2017), ‘The dynamic of the gender gap in the European labour market in the years of economic crisis’, Quality and Quantity, 51: 1337–57.
Castro-García, C. and Pazod-Moran, M. (2016), ‘Parental leave policy and gender equality in Europe’, Feminist Economics, 22, 3: 51–73.
Cavaghan, R. (2017), Making Gender Equality Happen: Knowledge, Change and Resistance in EU Gender Mainstreaming, London: Routledge.
Cavaghan, R. and Dwyer, M. (2018), ‘European economic governance in 2017: A recovery for whom?’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 56, S1: 96–108.
Chant, S. (ed.) (2010), The International Handbook of Gender and Poverty: Concepts, Research, Policy, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Chant, S. and Sweetman, C. (2012), ‘Fixing women or fixing the world? “Smart economics”, efficiency approaches, and gender equality in development’, Gender & Development, 20, 3: 517–29.
Charles, M. (2011), ‘A world of difference: International trends in women’s economic status’, Annual Review of Sociology, 37: 355–71.
Cho, S., Williams Crenshaw, K. and McCall, L. (2013), ‘Toward a field of intersectionality studies: Theory, applications, and praxis’, Signs, 28, 4: 785–810.
Choo, H. Y. and Ferree, M. M. (2010), ‘Practising intersectionality in sociological research: A critical analysis of inclusions, interactions, and institutions in the study of inequalities’, Sociological Theory, 28, 2: 129–49.
Ciccia, R. and Bleijenberg, I. (2014), ‘After the male breadwinner model: Childcare services and the division of labour in European countries’, Social Politics, 21, 1: 50–79.
Ciccia, R. and Sainsbury, D. (2018), ‘Gendering welfare state analysis: Tensions between work and care’, European Journal of Politics and Gender, 1, 1–2: 93–109.
Cipollone, A., Patacchini, E. and Vallanti, G. (2014), ‘Female labour market participation in Europe: Novel evidence on trends and shaping factors’, IZA Journal of Economic Labour Studies, 3, 18: 1–40.
Commission of the European Communities (1996), Communication from the Commission: Incorporating Equal Opportunities for Women and Men into All Community Policies and Activities, COM(96) 67 final of 21 February 1996.
Connell, R. W. (1987), Gender and Power: Society, the Person and Sexual Politics, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Connell, R. W. (2002), Gender, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Connell, R. and Pearse, R. (2015), Gender: In World Perspective, 3rd edition, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Connolly, S., Aldrich, M., O’Brien, M., Speight, S. and Poole, E. (2016), ‘Britain’s slow movement to a gender egalitarian equilibrium: Parents and employment in the UK 2001–13’, Work, Employment and Society, 30, 5: 838–57.
Cooke, L. P. (2011), Gender–Class Equality in Political Economies, New York: Routledge.
Corsi, M., Botti, F. and D’Ippoliti, C. (2016), ‘The gendered nature of poverty in the EU: Individualized versus collective poverty measures’, Feminist Economics, 22, 4: 82–100.
Council of Europe (1998), Gender Mainstreaming: Conceptual Framework, Methodology and Presentation of Good Practices: Final Report of Activities of the Group of Specialists on Mainstreaming, Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
Council of the European Union (2011), Council Conclusions of 7 March 2011 on European Pact for Gender Equality (2011–2020), Brussels.
Courtin, E., Jemiai, N. and Mossialos, E. (2014), ‘Mapping support policies for informal carers across the European Union’, Health Policy, 118, 1: 84–94.
Crenshaw, K. (1989), ‘Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics’, University of Chicago Legal Forum, 1989: 139–67.
Crompton, R. (1999), Restructuring Gender Relations and Employment: The Decline of the Male Breadwinner, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Crompton, R. (2006), Employment and the Family: The Reconfiguration of Work and Family Life in Contemporary Societies, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Da Roit, B., Hoogenboom, M. and Weicht, B. (2015), ‘The gender informal care gap: A fuzzy-set analysis of cross-country variations’, European Societies, 17, 2: 199–218.
Daly, M. (1996), Social Security, Gender and Equality in the European Union, Brussels: Commission of the European Communities.
Daly, M. (2000), The Gender Division of Welfare, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Daly, M. (2002), ‘Care as a good for public policy’, Journal of Social Policy, 32, 2: 251–70.
Daly, M. (2005), ‘Gender mainstreaming in theory and practice’, Social Politics, 12, 3: 433–50.
Daly, M. (2011), ‘What adult worker model? A critical look at recent social policy reform in Europe from a gender and family perspective’, Social Politics, 18, 1: 1–23.
Daly, M. (2018), ‘Towards a theorization of the relationship between poverty and family’, Social Policy & Administration, 52, 3: 565–77.
Daly, M. (2019), ‘Children and their rights and entitlements in European welfare states’, Journal of Social Policy, first view, https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-social-policy/article/children-and-their-rights-and-entitlements-in-eu-welfare-states/D71FC89F64E5420432486DD958361B32.
Daly, M. and Ferragina, E. (2018), ‘Family policy in high-income countries: Five decades of development’, Journal of European Social Policy, 28, 3: 255–70.
Daly, M. and Lewis, J. (2000), ‘The concept of social care and the analysis of contemporary welfare states’, British Journal of Sociology, 51, 2: 281–98.
Daly, M. and Scheiwe, K. (2010), ‘Individualisation and personal obligations – social policy, family policy, and law reform in Germany and the UK’, International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family, 24, 2: 177–97.
Davis, S. N. and Greenstein, T. N. (2013), ‘Why study housework? Cleaning as a window into power in couples’, Journal of Family Theory & Review, 5, 2: 63–71.
de los Reyes, P. (2016), ‘When feminism became gender equality and antiracism turned into diversity management’, in Martinsson, L., Griffin, G. and Giritli Nygren, K. (eds), Challenging the Myth of Gender Equality in Sweden, Bristol, UK: Policy Press, pp. 23–47.
De Wachter, D., Neels, K., Wood, J. and Vergauwen, J. (2016), ‘The educational gradient of maternal employment patterns in 11 European countries’, in Mortelmans, D., Matthijs, K., Alofs, E. and Segaert, B. (eds), Changing Family Dynamics and Demographic Evolution, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 140–78.
Del Boca, D., Pasqua, S. and Pronzato, C. (2009), ‘Motherhood and market work decisions in institutional context: A European perspective’, Oxford Economic Papers, 61 (Supplement 1), i147–i171.
Dermott, E. and Miller, T. (2015), ‘More than the sum of its parts? Contemporary fatherhood, policy, practice and discourse’, Families, Relationships and Societies, 4, 2: 183–95.
Dermott, E. and Pantazis, C. (2014), ‘Gender and poverty in Britain: Changes and continuities between 1999 and 2012’, Journal of Poverty and Social Justice, 22, 3: 253–69.
Dobrotić, I. and Blum, S. (2019), ‘Inclusiveness of parental-leave benefits in twenty-one European countries: Measuring social and gender inequalities in leave eligibility’, Social Politics, advance article, https://academic.oup.com/sp/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/sp/jxz023/5523049.
Donnison, D. V. and Chapman, V. (1965), Social Policy and Administration, London: Allen and Unwin.
Dotti Sani, G. (2018), ‘The economic crisis and changes in work-family arrangements in six European countries’, Journal of European Social Policy, 28, 2: 177–92.
Dotti Sani, G. and Treas, J. (2016), ‘Educational gradients in parents’ child-care time across countries, 1965–2012’, Journal of Marriage and Family, 78, 4: 1083–96.
Duffy, M. (2005), ‘Reproducing labor inequalities: Challenges for feminists conceptualizing care at the intersections of gender, race, and class’, Gender & Society, 19, 1: 666–82.
Duffy, M. and Armenia, A. (2019), Paid Care Work around the Globe: A Comparative Analysis of 47 Countries Prepared for UN Women, LIS Working Paper Series No. 758, Luxembourg: Luxembourg Income Study.
Dwyer, R. (2013), ‘The care economy? Gender, economic restructuring and job polarization in the US labor market’, American Sociological Review, 78, 3: 390–416.
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (2004), Roads Towards Gender Equity in Latin America and the Caribbean, prepared for the ninth regional conference of women in Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico City, 10–12 June, Santiago, Chile: United Nations.
Elomäki, A. (2017), ‘The economic case for gender equality in the European Union: Selling gender equality to decision-makers and neoliberalism to women’s organisations’, European Journal of Women’s Studies, 22, 3: 288–301.
Elson, D. (2008), ‘The Three R’s of Unpaid Work: Recognition, Reduction and Redistribution’, paper presented at the Expert Group Meeting on Unpaid Work, Economic Development and Human Well-Being, New York, 16–17 November, New York: UNDP.
Elson, D. (2017), ‘Recognize, reduce, and redistribute unpaid care work: How to close the gender gap’, New Labour Forum, 26, 2: 52–61.
England, P. (2010), ‘The gender revolution uneven and stalled’, Gender & Society, 24: 149–66.
Erel, U. (2018), ‘Saving and reproducing the nation: Struggles around right-wing politics of social reproduction, gender and race in austerity Europe’, Women’s Studies International Forum, 68 (May–June 2018): 173–82.
Esping-Andersen, G. (1990), The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Esping-Andersen, G. (2009), The Incomplete Revolution: Adapting to Women’s New Roles, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Estévez-Abe, M. (2015), ‘The outsourcing of house cleaning and low skill immigrant workers’, Social Politics, 22, 2: 147–69.
Estévez-Abe, M. and Hobson, B. (2015), ‘Outsourcing domestic (care) work: The politics, policies, and political economy’, Social Politics, 22, 2: 133–46.
Eurofound (2015), Families in the Economic Crisis: Changes in Policy Measures in the EU, Dublin: Eurofound.
Eurofound (2016), The Gender Employment Gap: Challenges and Solutions, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
Eurofound (2017a), Work-life Balance and Flexible Working Arrangements in the European Union, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
Eurofound (2017b), Sixth European Working Conditions Survey – Overview Report (2017 update), Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
Eurofound (2017c), European Quality of Life Survey 2016: Quality of Life, Quality of Public Services, and Quality of Society, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
Eurofound (2018a), Living and Working in Europe 2017, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
Eurofound (2018b), In-Work Poverty in the EU, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
European Commission (2006), Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: ‘A Roadmap for equality between women and men 2006–2010’, COM(2006) 92 final, 1 March, Brussels, European Commission.
European Commission (2010a), Europe 2020: A European Strategy for Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth, Communication from the Commission, COM(2010) 2020, Brussels, European Commission.
European Commission (2010b), Communication from the Commission: A Strengthened Commitment to Equality between Women and Men A Women’s Charter, COM(2010) 78 final, 5 March, Brussels, European Commission.
European Commission (2015a), Evaluation of the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Strategy for Equality between Women and Men 2010–2015, Brussels: European Commission.
European Commission (2015b), Commission Staff Working Document: Strategic Engagement for Gender Equality, 2016–2019, SWD(2015) 278 final, Brussels: European Commission.
European Commission (2017a), Reflection Paper on the Social Dimension of Europe, COM(2017) 206, Brussels: European Commission.
European Commission (2017b), 2017 Report on Equality between Women and Men in the EU, Brussels: European Commission.
European Commission (2017c), Special Barometer 464 Gender Equality 2017: Gender Equality Stereotypes and Women in Politics, Brussels: European Commission.
European Commission (2018), 2018 Report on Equality between Women and Men in the EU, Brussels: European Commission.
European Commission (2019), 2019 Report on Equality between Women and Men in the EU, Brussels: European Commission.
European Institute for Gender Equality (2016), Poverty, Gender and Intersecting Inequalities in the EU: Review of the Implementation of Area A: Women and Poverty of the Beijing Platform for Action, Vilnius: European Institute for Gender Equality.
European Institute for Gender Equality (2017a), Gender Equality Index 2017: Measuring Gender Equality in the European Union 2005–2012, Vilnius: European Institute for Gender Equality.
European Institute for Gender Equality (2017b), Poverty and Gender over the Life Cycle: Review of the Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action, Vilnius: European Institute for Gender Equality.
European Institute for Gender Equality (2017c), Gender, Skills and Precarious Work in the EU: Research Note, Vilnius: European Institute for Gender Equality.
European Institute for Gender Equality (2017d), Economic Benefits of Gender Equality in the European Union: How Closing the Gender Gaps in Labour Market Activity and Pay Leads to Economic Growth, Vilnius: European Institute for Gender Equality.
European Institute for Gender Equality (2019), Intersecting Inequalities – Gender Equality Index, Vilnius: European Institute for Gender Equality.
Fagan, C. and Norman, H. (2013), ‘Men and gender equality: Tackling gender desegregation in family roles and in social care jobs’, in Bettio, F., Plantenga, J. and Smith, M. (eds), Gender and the European Labour Market, London: Routledge, pp. 199–223.
Falkingham, J. and Hills, J. (1995), The Dynamic of Welfare: The Welfare State and the Life Cycle, London: Prentice Hall.
Falkner, G. (2013), ‘The European Union’s social dimension’, in Cini, M. and Pérez-Solórzano Borragán, N. (eds), European Union Politics, 4th edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 268–80.
Farris, S. R. and Marchetti, S. (2017), ‘From the commodification to the corporatization of care: European perspectives and debates’, Social Politics, 24, 2: 109–31.
Ferguson, M. L. (2017), ‘Neoliberal feminism as political ideology: Revitalizing the study of feminist political ideologies’, Journal of Political Ideologies, 22, 3: 221–35.
Fernandez-Macias, E., Hurley, J. and Storrie, D. (eds) (2012), Transformation of the Employment Structure in the EU and USA 1995– 2007, London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Ferragina, E. (2019), ‘Does family policy influence women’s employment? Reviewing the evidence in the field’, Political Studies Review, 17, 1: 65–80.
Ferree, M. M. (2009), ‘An American roadmap? Framing feminist goals in a liberal landscape’, in Gornick, J. C. and Meyers, M. K. (eds), Gender Equality Transforming Family Divisions of Labour: The Real Utopias Project, Volume VI, London: Verso, pp. 283–315.
Ferree, M. M. (2010), ‘Filling the glass: Gender perspectives on families’, Journal of Marriage and Family, 72, June: 420–39.
Ferree, M. M. (2015), ‘“Theories Don’t Grow on Trees”: Conceptualizing Gender Knowledge’, http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~mferree/wp/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/theories-dont-grow-on-trees.pdf.
Ferrera, M. (1996), ‘The “Southern model” of welfare in social Europe’, Journal of European Social Policy, 6, 1: 17–37.
Few-Demo, A. (2014), ‘Intersectionality as the “new” critical approach in feminist family studies: Evolving racial/ethnic feminisms and critical race theories’, Journal of Family Theory and Review, 6 (June): 169–83.
Finch, J. and Groves, D. (eds) (1983), A Labour of Love: Women, Work and Caring, London: Routledge.
Firestone, S. (1970), The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Fisher, B. and Tronto, J. (1990), ‘Toward a feminist theory of caring’, in Abel, E. K. and Nelson, M. K. (eds), Circles of Care Work and Identity in Women’s Lives, Albany: State University of New York Press, pp. 36–54.
Folbre, N. (2009), ‘Reforming care?’, in Gornick, J. C. and Meyers, M. K. (eds), Gender Equality Transforming Family Divisions of Labour: The Real Utopias Project, Volume VI, London: Verso, pp. 111–28.
Folbre, N. (2018), Developing Care: Recent Research on the Care Economy and Economic Development, Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.
Francavilla, F., Giannelli, G. C., Mangiavacchi, L. and Piccoli, L. (2013), ‘Unpaid family work in Europe: Gender and country differences’, in Bettio, F., Plantenga, J. and Smith, M. (eds), Gender and the European Labour Market, London: Routledge, pp. 53–72.
Fraser, N. (1989), Unruly Practices, Power, Discourse and Gender in Contemporary Social Theory, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Fraser, N. (1994), ‘After the family wage: Gender equity and the welfare state’, Political Theory, 22, 4: 591–618.
Fraser, N. (2009), ‘Feminism, capitalism and the cunning of history’, New Left Review, 56: 97–117.
Fraser, N. (2013), Fortunes of Feminism: From State-managed Capitalism to Neoliberal Crisis, London: Verso.
Fraser, N. and Gordon, L. (1992), ‘Contract versus charity: Why is there no social citizenship in the United States?’, Socialist Review, 3: 45–67.
Fraser, N. and Gordon, L. (1994), ‘A genealogy of dependency: Tracing a keyword in the U.S. welfare state’, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 19, 21: 309–34.
Fraser, N., Bhattacharya, Y. and Arruzza, C. (2018), ‘Notes for a feminist manifesto’, New Left Review, 114: 113–34.
Fredman, S. (2016), Intersectional Discrimination in EU Gender Equality and Non-discrimination Law, European Network of Legal Experts in Gender Equality and Non-discrimination, Brussels: European Commission.
Fuwa, M. (2004), ‘Macro-level gender inequality and the division of household labor in 22 countries,’ American Sociological Review, 69: 751–67.
García-Faroldi, L. (2018), ‘Mothers’ autonomy or social constraints? Coherence and inconsistency between attitudes and employment trajectories in different welfare regimes’, Social Politics, early view, https://academic.oup.com/sp/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/sp/jxy030/5184845?redirectedFrom=fulltext.
Gauthier, A. H. (1996), The State and the Family: A Comparative Analysis of Family Policies in Industrialized Countries, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Gauthier, A. H., Smeeding, T. and Furstenberg, F. F. (2004), ‘Are parents investing less time in children? Trends in selected industrialized countries’, Population and Development Review, 30: 647–71.
Geist, V. and Ruppanner, L. (2018), ‘Mission impossible? New housework theories for changing families’, Journal of Family Theory & Review, 10, 1: 242–62.
Gershuny, J. and Kan, M. Y. (2012), ‘Halfway to gender equality in paid and unpaid work? Evidence from the multinational time-use study’, in Scott, J. Dex, S. and Plagnol, A. C. (eds), Gendered Lives: Gender Inequalities in Production and Reproduction, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 74–94.
Giannelli, G. C., Mangiavacchi, L. and Piccoli, L. (2012), ‘GDP and the value of family caretaking: How much does Europe care?’, Applied Economics, 44, 6: 2111–31.
Glendinning, C. (2008), ‘Increasing choice and control for older and disabled people: A critical review of new developments in England’, Social Policy & Administration, 42, 5: 451–69.
Glendinning, C. and Millar, J. (eds) (1987), Women and Poverty in Britain, Brighton: Wheatsheaf.
Glenn, E. N. (2002), Unequal Freedom: How Race and Gender Shaped American Citizenship and Labor, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Glenn, E. N. (2016), ‘The social construction and institutionalization of gender and race’, in Ferguson, S. J. (ed.), Race, Gender, Sexuality, and Social Class: Dimensions of Inequality and Identity, 2nd edition, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 108–19.
Glennerster, H., Hills, J., Piachaud, D. and Webb, J. (2004), One Hundred Years of Poverty and Policy, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
Goldin, C. (2014), ‘A grand gender convergence: Its last chapter,’ American Economic Review 104, 4: 1091–119.
Gordon, L. (1990), ‘The welfare state: Towards a socialist-feminist perspective’, Socialist Register, 27: 171–200.
Gornick, J. (2004), ‘Women’s economic outcomes, gender inequality and public policy: Findings from the Luxembourg Income Study’, Socio-Economic Review 2: 213–38.
Gornick, J. C. and Jantti, M. (2010), Women, Poverty and Social Policy Regimes: A Cross-national Analysis, LIS Working Paper 534, Luxembourg: Luxembourg Income Study.
Gornick, J. C. and Meyers, M. K. (2003), Families that Work: Policies for Reconciling Parenthood and Employment, New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Gornick, J. C. and Meyers, M. K. (2008), Institutions for Gender Egalitarianism: Creating the Conditions for Egalitarian Dual Earner/ Dual Caregiver Families, New York and London: Verso.
Gornick, J. C. and Meyers, M. K. (eds) (2009), Gender Equality Transforming Family Divisions of Labour: The Real Utopias Project, Volume VI, London: Verso.
Gornick, J. C., Meyers, M. K. and Ross, K. E. (1997), ‘Supporting the employment of mothers: Policy variation across fourteen welfare states’, Journal of European Social Policy, 7, 1: 45–70.
Gottfried, H. (1996), ‘Introduction: Engaging women’s communities: Dilemmas and contradictions in feminist research’, in Gottfried, H. (ed.), Feminism and Social Change: Bridging Theory and Practice, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, pp. 1–20.
Graham, H. (1983), ‘Caring: A labour of love’, in Finch, J. and Groves, D. (eds), A Labour of Love: Women, Work and Caring, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, pp. 13–30.
Graham, H. (1991), ‘The concept of caring in feminist research: The case of domestic service’, Sociology, 25, 1: 61–78.
Graham, H. (1993), ‘Social divisions in caring’, Women’s Studies International Forum, 16, 5: 461–70.
Grönlund, A., Halldén, K. and Magnusson, C. (2017), ‘A Scandinavian success story? Women’s labour market outcomes in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden’, Acta Sociologica, 60, 2: 97–119.
Guerrina, R. and Masselot, A. (2018), ‘Walking into the footprint of EU Law: Unpacking the gendered consequences of Brexit’, Social Policy and Society, 17, 2: 319–30.
Haberkern, K., Schmid, T. and Szydlik, M. (2015), ‘Gender differences in intergenerational care in European welfare states’, Ageing and Society, 25, 2: 298–320.
Hakim, C. (2000), Work–Lifestyle Choices in the 21st Century: Preference Theory, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Halldén, K., Levanon, A. and Kricheli-Katz, T. (2016), ‘Does the motherhood wage penalty differ by individual skill and country family policy? A longitudinal study of ten European countries’, Social Politics, 23, 3: 363–88.
Hancock, A.-M. (2007), ‘When multiplication doesn’t equal quick addition: Examining intersectionality as a research paradigm’, Perspectives on Politics, 5, 1: 63–79.
Hankivsky, O. and Cormier, R. (2011), ‘Intersectionality and public policy: Some lessons from existing models’, Political Research Quarterly, 64, 1: 217–29.
Hankivsky, O. and Jordan-Zachery, J. S. (2019), The Palgrave Handbook of Intersectionality in Public Policy, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan; Springer Nature.
Harewood, A.-M. (2014), ‘Exploring Gender Definition in Recent Sociological Scholarship’, PhD thesis, Rutgers University, https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/44113/.
Hassim, S. (2009), ‘Whose utopia?’, in Gornick, J. C. and Meyers, M. K. (eds), Gender Equality Transforming Family Divisions of Labour: The Real Utopias Project, Volume VI, London: Verso, pp. 93–109.
Hartmann, H. (1979), ‘The unhappy marriage of Marxism and feminism: Towards a more progressive union’, Capital and Class, Summer: 1–33.
Hays, S. (1996), The Cultural Contradictions of Motherhood, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Hearn, J. (2010), ‘Reflecting on men and social policy: Contemporary critical debates and implications for social policy’, Critical Social Policy, 30, 2: 165–88.
Hearn, J., Pringle, K. and Balkmar, D. (2018), ‘Men, masculinities and social policy’, in Shaver, S. (ed.), Handbook on Gender and Social Policy, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 55–73.
Held, V. (2005), The Ethics of Care: Personal, Political, and Global, New York: Oxford University Press.
Hemerijck, A. (ed.) (2017), The Uses of Social Investment, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Henwood, K. and Procter, J. (2003), ‘The “good father”: Reading men’s accounts of paternal involvement during the transition to first-time fatherhood’, British Journal of Social Psychology, 42: 337–55.
Hernes, H. (1987), Welfare State and Women Power: Essays in State Feminism, Oslo: Norwegian University Press.
Hill Collins, P. (1990), Knowledge, Consciousness and the Politics of Empowerment, New York: Routledge.
Himmelweit, S. (2014), ‘The Marketisation of Care before and during Austerity’, paper presented to IIPPE Annual Conference, Naples 16–18 September.
Hobson, B. (1990), ‘No exit, no voice: Women’s economic dependency and the welfare state’, Acta Sociologica, 33, 3: 235–50.
Hobson, B. (ed.) (2002), Making Men into Fathers: Men, Masculinities and the Social Politics of Fatherhood, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hobson, B. (2014), ‘Introduction: Capabilities and agency for worklife balance – a multidimensional framework’, in Hobson, B. (ed.), Worklife Balance: The Agency & Capabilities Gap, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 1–29.
Hobson, B. and Morgan, D. (2002), ‘Introduction’, in Hobson, B. (ed.), Making Men into Fathers: Men, Masculinities and the Social Politics of Fatherhood, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1–21.
Hochschild, A. R. (2000), ‘Global care chains and emotional surplus value’, in Hutton, W. and Giddens, A. (eds), On the Edge: Living with Global Capitalism, London: Vintage, pp. 130–46.
Hochschild, A. R. (2012), The Managed Heart, 3rd edition, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Hook, J. (2010), ‘Gender inequality in the welfare state: Sex segregation in housework 1965–2003’, American Journal of Sociology, 115, 5: 1480–523.
Hook, J. (2015), ‘Incorporating “class” into work-family arrangements: Insights from and for Three Worlds’, Journal of European Social Policy, 25, 1: 14–31.
Hook, J. and Wolfe, C. (2012), ‘New fathers? Residential fathers’ time with children in four countries’, Journal of Family Issues, 33: 415–50.
Hook, J. and Paek, E. (2018), A Stalled Revolution for Whom? Change in Women’s Labour Force Participation in 12 Countries, 1988–2015. Mimeo, University of Southern California.
Hoskyns, C. (1996), Integrating Gender: Women, Law and Politics in the European Union, London: Verso.
Htun, M. and Weldon, L. (2018), The Logics of Gender Justice: State Action on Women’s Rights around the World, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Htun, M., Jensenius, F. R. and Nelson Nuñez, J. (2019), ‘Gender discriminatory laws and women’s economic agency’, Social Politics, 26, 2: 199–223.
Ingold, J. and Hetherington, D. (2013), ‘Work, welfare and gender inequalities: An analysis of activation strategies for partnered women in the UK, Australia and Denmark’, Work, Employment and Society 27, 4: 621–38.
International Bank for Reconstruction/The World Bank (2019), Women, Business and the Law 2019, A Decade of Reform, Washington DC: International Bank for Reconstruction/The World Bank.
Jacquot, S. (2015), Transformations in EU Gender Equality: From Emergence to Dismantling, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Jacquot, S. (2017), ‘A policy in crisis: The dismantling of the EU gender equality policy’, in Kantola, J. and Lombardo, E. (eds), Gender and the Economic Crisis in Europe: Politics, Institutions and Intersectionality, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan; Springer Nature, pp. 27–48.
Jahan, R. (1995), The Elusive Agenda: Mainstreaming Women in Development, Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Zed Books.
Jaumotte, F. (2003), Female Labour Force Participation: Past Trends and Main Determinants in OECD Countries, Paris: OECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 376, OECD Publishing.
Javornik, J. (2014), ‘Measuring state defamilialism: Contesting postsocialist exceptionalism’, Journal of European Social Policy, 24, 3: 240–57.
Jenkins, S. (2008), Marital Splits and Income Changes over the Longer Term, ISER Working Paper 2008: 07, Colchester: Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex.
Jenson, J. (2008), ‘Writing women out, folding gender in: The European Union “modernises” social policy’, Social Politics, 15, 2: 1–23.
Jenson, J. (2009), ‘Lost in translation: The social investment perspective and gender equality’, Social Politics, 16, 4: 446–83.
Jenson, J. (2015), ‘The fading goals of gender equality: Three policy directions that underpin the resilience of gendered socio-economic inequalities,’ Social Politics, 22, 4: 539–60.
Jenson, J. (2018), ‘Social investment, poverty and lone parents’, in Shaver, S. (ed.), Handbook on Gender and Social Policy, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 197–214.
Jenson, J. and Nagels, N. (2018), ‘Social policy instruments in motion: Conditional cash transfers from Mexico to Peru’, Social Policy & Administration, 52, 1: 323–42.
Jenson, J. and Saint-Martin, D. (2006), ‘Building blocks for a new social architecture: The LEGO paradigm of an active society’, Policy and Politics, 34, 3: 429–51.
Kantola, J. (2010), Gender and the European Union, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Kantola, J. (2015), ‘Gender equality governance and tools: The need for renewed focus and a clear vision’, in Bettio, F. and Sansonetti, S. (eds), Visions for Gender Equality, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, pp. 72–4.
Kantola, J. and Lombardo, E. (2017a), Gender and Political Analysis, London: Palgrave.
Kantola, J. and Lombardo, E. (2017b), ‘Gender and the politics of the economic crisis in Europe’, in Kantola, J. and Lombardo, E. (eds), Gender and the Economic Crisis in Europe: Politics, Institutions and Intersectionality, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan; Springer Nature, pp. 1–26.
Karamessini, M. and Rubery, J. (2014), ‘The challenge of austerity for equality: A consideration of eight European countries in the crisis’, in Eydoux, A., Math, A. and Périvier, H. (eds), European Labour Markets in Time of Crisis: A Gender Perspective, Paris: Revue de l’OFCE, Debates and Policies, n 133, pp. 15–39.
Keck, W. and Saraceno, C. (2013), ‘The impact of different social-policy frameworks on social inequalities among women in the European Union’, Social Politics, 20: 297–328.
Klesment, M. and Van Bavel, J. (2017), ‘The reversal of the gender gap in education, motherhood, and women as main earners in Europe’, European Sociological Review, 33, 3: 465–81.
Knijn, T. and Kremer, M. (1997), ‘Gender and the caring dimension of welfare states: Towards inclusive citizenship’, Social Politics, 4, 3: 328–61.
Knijn, T. and Smit, A. (2009), ‘Investing, facilitating, or individualizing the reconciliation of work and family life: Three paradigms and ambivalent politics’, Social Politics, 16, 4: 484–518.
Knudsen, K. and Wærness, K. (2008), ‘National context and spouses’ housework in 34 countries’, European Sociological Review, 24: 97–113.
Kodate, N. and Timonen, V. (2017), ‘Bringing the family in through the back door: The stealthy expansion of family care in Asian and European long-term care policy’, Journal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, 32, 3: 291–301.
Kofman, E. (2012), ‘Rethinking care through social reproduction: Articulating circuits of migration’, Social Politics, 19, 1: 142–62.
Kofman, E. and Raghuram, P. (2018), ‘Gender, migration and social reproduction’, in Elias, J. and Roberts, A. (eds), Handbook of the International Political Economy of Gender, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 427–39.
Korpi, W., Ferrarini, T. and Englund, S. (2013), ‘Women’s opportunities under different family policy constellations: Gender, class, and inequality tradeoffs in western countries re-examined’, Social Politics, 20: 1–40.
Kováts, E. (ed.) (2017), The Future of the European Union: Feminist Perspectives from East-Central Europe, Budapest: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.
Koven, S. and Michel, S. (eds) (1993), Mothers of a New World: Maternalist Politics and the Origins of Welfare States, New York: Routledge.
Kremer, M. (2007), How Welfare States Care: Culture, Gender and Parenting in Europe, Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Press.
Kurowska, A. (2018), ‘(De)familialization and (de)genderization – competing or complementary perspectives in comparative policy analysis’, Social Policy & Administration, 52, 1: 29–49.
Land, H. (1978), ‘Who cares for the family?’, Journal of Social Policy, 7, 3: 257–81.
Land, H. (1980), ‘The family wage’, Feminist Review, 6: 55–77.
Land, H. (2011), ‘Recognising care and sustaining carers: Challenges for economic and social policies in the twenty-first century’, in Bertram, H. and Ehlert, N. (eds), Families, Ties and Care: An International Perspective, Leverkusen: Barbara Budrich Publishers.
Lang, L. (2015), ‘Constructions of Gender Equality in Swedish Family Policy’, Master’s thesis, Lund University, Sweden.
Lareau, A. (2003), Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race and Family Life, Berkeley CA: University of California Press.
Le Bihan, B., Da Roit, B. and Sopadzhiyan, A. (2019), ‘The turn to optional familialism through the market: Long-term care, cash for care, and care-giving policies in Europe’, Social Policy & Administration, 53, 4: 579–95.
Lee, P. and Raban, C. (1988), Welfare Theory and Social Policy: Reform or Revolution? London: Sage.
Leibfried, S. (2015), ‘Social policy: Left to judges and to the markets?’, in Wallace, H., Pollack, M. A. and Young, A. R. (eds), Policy-Making in the European Union, 7th edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 263‒92.
Leira, A. (1992), Models of Motherhood: Welfare State Policy and Scandinavian Experiences of Everyday Practices, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Leisering, L. and Leibfried, S. (1999), Time and Poverty in Western Welfare States: United Germany in Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Leitner, S. (2003), ‘Varieties of familialism: The caring function of the family in comparative perspective’, European Societies 5, 4: 353–75.
Leitner, S., Ostner, I. and Schmitt, C. (2008), ‘Family policies in Germany’, in Ostner, I. and Schmitt, C. (eds), Family Policies in the Context of Family Change, Wiesbaden, Germany: Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, pp. 175–202.
León, M. (ed.), (2014), The Transformation of Care in European Societies, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Lewis, G. (2000), “Race,” Gender, Social Welfare: Encounters in a Postcolonial Society, New York: Wiley.
Lewis, G. (2013), ‘Unsafe travel: Experiencing intersectionality and feminist displacements’, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 38, 4: 869–92.
Lewis, J. (1992), ‘Gender and the development of welfare regimes’, Journal of European Social Policy, 2, 3: 159–73.
Lewis, J. (2001), ‘The decline of the male breadwinner model: Implications for work and care’, Social Politics, 8, 2: 152–69.
Lewis, J. (2006), ‘Work/family reconciliation, equal opportunities and social policies: The interpretation of policy trajectories at the EU level and the meaning of gender equality’, Journal of European Social Policy, 13, 3: 420–37.
Lewis, J. (2009), Work–family Balance, Gender and Policy, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Lewis, J. and Giullari, S. (2005), ‘The adult worker model family, gender equality and care: The search for new policy principles and the possibilities and problems of a capabilities approach’, Economy and Society, 34, 1: 76–104.
Lewis, J. and Meredith, B. (1988), Daughters Who Care: Daughters Caring for Mothers at Home, London: Routledge.
Lewis, J. and Ostner, I. (1991), ‘Gender and the Evolution of European Social Policies’, paper presented at workshop on ‘Emergent Supranational Social Policy: The EC’s Social Dimension in Comparative Perspective’, 15–17 November, Center for European Studies, Harvard University.
Lewis, J. and Piachaud, D. (1992), ‘Women and poverty in the twentieth century’, in Glendinning, C. and Millar, J. (eds), Women and Poverty in Britain: The 1990s, Brighton, UK: Wheatsheaf, pp. 28–52.
Lister, R. (1990), ‘Women, economic dependency and citizenship’, Journal of Social Policy 19, 4: 445–67.
Lister, R. (1994), ‘“She has other duties”: Women, citizenship and social security’, in Baldwin, S. and Falkingham, J. (eds), Social Security and Social Change: New Challenges to the Beveridge Model, New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, pp. 31–44.
Lister, R. (1997a), ‘Dilemmas in engendering citizenship’, in Hobson, B. and Berggren, A. M. (eds), Crossing Borders: Gender and Citizenship in Transition, Stockholm: Swedish Council for Planning and Coordination of Research, pp. 57–114.
Lister, R. (1997b), Citizenship: Feminist Perspectives, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Lister, R. (2002), ‘The dilemmas of pendulum politics: Balancing paid work, care and citizenship’, Economy and Society, 31, 4: 520–32.
Lohmann, H. and Zagel, H. (2016), ‘Family policy in comparative perspective: The concepts and measurement of familization and defamilization’, Journal of European Social Policy, 26, 1: 48–65.
Lombardo, E. and Meier, P. (2006), ‘Gender mainstreaming in the EU: Incorporating a feminist reading?’, European Journal of Women’s Studies, 13, 2: 151–66.
Lombardo, E., Meier, P. and Verloo, M. (eds) (2009), The Discursive Politics of Gender Equality: Stretching, Bending and Policymaking, New York: Routledge.
LSE Commission on Gender, Inequality and Power (2015), Confronting Gender Inequality, London: LSE.
Luckhaus, L. (1990), ‘Changing rules, enduring structures’, The Modern Law Review, 23, 5: 655–88.
Lutz, H. (2008), ‘Introduction: Migrant domestic workers in Europe’, in Lutz, H. (ed.), Migration and Domestic Work: A European Perspective on a Global Theme, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, pp. 1–10.
Lutz, H. (2018), ‘Care migration: The connectivity between care chains, care circulation and transnational social inequality,’ Current Sociology, 66, 4: 577–89.
Lykke, N. (2011), ‘Intersectional analysis: Black box or useful critical feminist thinking technology’, in Lutz, H., Herrera Vivar, M. T. and Supik, L. (eds), Framing Intersectionality: Debates on a Multi-faceted Concept in Gender Studies, Farnham, UK: Ashgate, pp. 207–21.
Mahon, R. (2010), ‘After neo-liberalism: The OECD, the World Bank and the child’, Global Social Policy, 10, 2: 172–92.
Mahon, R. (2018a), ‘Through a fractured gaze: The OECD, the World Bank and transnational care chains’, Current Sociology, 4, 2: 562–76.
Mahon, R. (2018b), ‘Shaping the way international organizations “see” gender equality: The OECD and ECLAC’, in Shaver, S. (ed.), Handbook on Gender and Social Policy, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 267–86.
Mandel, H. (2012), ‘Winners and losers: The consequences of welfare state policies for gender wage inequality’, European Sociological Review, 28: 241–62.
Mandel, H. and Semyonov, M. (2005), ‘Family policies, wage structures and gender gaps: Sources of earnings’ inequality in 20 countries’, American Sociological Review, 70: 949–67.
Manoudi, A., Weber, T., Scott, D. and Hawley Woodall, J. (2018), An Analysis of Personal and Household Services to Support Work Life Balance for Working Parents and Carers, Synthesis Report ECE Thematic Review 2018, Brussels: European Commission.
Martinsson, L., Griffin, G. and Giritli Nygren, K. (eds) (2016), Challenging the Myth of Gender Equality in Sweden, Bristol, UK: Policy Press.
Mathieu, S. (2016), ‘From the defamilialization to the “demotherization” of care work’, Social Politics, 23, 4: 576–91.
McCall, L. (2005), ‘The complexity of intersectionality’, Signs, 30, 3: 1771–800.
McDowell, L. (2014), ‘Gender, work, employment and society: Feminist reflections on continuity and change’, Work, Employment and Society, 28, 5: 825–37.
McIntosh, M. (1978), ‘The state and the oppression of women’, in Kuhn, A. and Wolpe, R. M. (eds), Feminism and Materialism, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, pp. 254–89.
McIntosh, M. (1981), ‘Feminism and social policy’, Critical Social Policy, 1, 1: 32–42.
McKinsey Global Institute (2015), The Power of Parity: How Advancing Women’s Equality Can Add $12 Trillion to Global Growth, Brussels: McKinsey Global Institute.
McLaughlin, E. and Glendinning, C. (1994), ‘Paying for care in Europe: Is there a feminist approach?’, in Hantrais, L. and Mangan, S. (eds), Family Policy and the Welfare of Women, Loughborough: Cross-National Research Group, European Research Centre, Cross-National Research Papers, Third Series, pp. 52–69.
McRobbie, A. (2013), ‘Feminism, the family and the new “mediated” maternalism’, New Formations, 80–81: 119–37.
Meagher, G. and Szebehely, M. (eds) (2013), Marketisation in Nordic Eldercare: A Research Report on Legislation, Oversight, Extent and Consequences, Department of Social Work, Stockholm: University of Stockholm.
Meulders-Klein, M. T. and Eekelaar, J. (eds) (1988), Family, State and Individual Economic Security, vol. II, Brussels: E. Story-Scientia.
Michel, S. and Peng, I. (2012), ‘All in the family? Migrants, nationhood, and care regimes in Asia and North America’, Journal of European Social Policy, 22, 4: 406–18.
Michel, S. and Peng, I. (eds) (2017), Gender, Migration, and the Work of Care: A Multi-scalar Approach to the Pacific Rim, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan; Springer Nature.
Milkman, R. and Townsley, E. (1994), ‘Gender and the economy’, in Smelser, N. and Swedberg, R. (eds), The Handbook of Economic Sociology, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press and New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 600–619.
Millar, J. and Bennett, F. (2017), ‘Universal Credit: Assumptions, contradictions and virtual reality’, Social Policy and Society, 16, 2: 169–82.
Millett, K. (1970), Sexual Politics, New York: Avon Books.
Mink, G. (1990), ‘The lady and the tramp: gender, race and the origins of the American welfare state’, in Gordon, L. (ed.), Women, the State, and Welfare, Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, pp. 92–122.
MISSOC Secretariat (2012), MISSOC Analysis 2012/2: Gender Differences in Social Protection, Brussels: MISSOC Secretariat.
Montanari, I. (2000), ‘From family wage to marriage subsidy and child benefits: Controversy and consensus in the development of family policy’, Journal of European Social Policy, 10, 4: 307–33.
Morel, N. (2015), ‘Servants for the knowledge-based economy? The political economy of domestic services in Europe’, Social Politics, 22, 2: 170–92.
Morel, N., Palme, J. and Palier, B. (eds) (2012), Towards a Social Investment Welfare State? Ideas, Policies and Challenges, Bristol, UK: Policy Press.
Morgan, K. J. (2009), ‘The political path to a dual-earner/dual-caregiver society: Pitfalls and possibilities’, in Gornick, J. C. and Meyers, M. K. (eds), Gender Equality Transforming Family Divisions of Labour: The Real Utopias Project, Volume VI, London: Verso, pp. 317–37.
Moss, P. (2012), ‘Parental leaves and early childhood education and care: From mapping the terrain to exploring the environment’, Children and Youth Services Review, 34, 3: 523–31.
Mulinari, D. (2016), ‘Gender equality under threat? Exploring the paradoxes of an ethno-nationalist party’, in Martinsson, L., Griffin, G. and Giritli Nygren, K. (eds), Challenging the Myth of Gender Equality in Sweden, Bristol, UK: Policy Press, pp. 137–61.
Mun, E. and Jung, J. (2018), ‘Policy generosity, employer heterogeneity, and women’s employment opportunities: The welfare state paradox reexamined,’ American Sociological Review, 83: 508–35.
Nelson, B. J. (1990), ‘The origins of the two-channel welfare state: Workmen’s compensation and mothers’ aid’, in Gordon, L. (ed.), Women, the State and Welfare, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, pp. 123–51.
Nieuwenhuis, R., Need, A. and Van der Kolk, H. (2017), ‘Is there such a thing as too long childcare leave?’, International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 37, 1–2: 2–15.
Nieuwenhuis, R., Munzi, R., Neugschwender, J., Omar, H. and Palmisano, F. (2018), Gender Equality and Poverty Are Intrinsically Linked: A Contribution to the Continued Monitoring of Selected Sustainable Development Goals, Discussion Paper No. 26, December, New York: UN Women.
Nussbaum, M. (2000), Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Oakley, A. (1974a), Housewife, Harmondsworth, UK: Allen Lane.
Oakley, A. (1974b), The Sociology of Housework, Oxford: Martin Robinson.
O’Connor, J. S. (1992), ‘Citizenship, Class, Gender and the Labour Market: Issues of De-commodification and Personal Autonomy’, paper presented to conference ‘Comparative Studies of Welfare State Development: Quantitative and Qualitative Dimensions’, University of Bremen, 3–6 September.
O’Connor, J. S. (1996), ‘From women in the welfare state to gendering welfare state regimes’, Current Sociology, 44, 2: 1–125.
OECD (2003; 2005; 2010; 2013), Family Database, http://www.oecd.org/els/family/database.htm.
OECD (2012), Closing the Gender Gap: Act Now, Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
OECD (2017), The Pursuit of Gender Equality: An Uphill Battle, Paris: OECD.
OECD (2018), Is the Last Mile the Longest? Economic Gains from Gender Equality in Nordic Countries, Paris: OECD.
Ólafsson, S., Daly, M., Kangas, O. and Palme, J. (eds) (2019), Welfare and the Great Recession: A Comparative Study, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Orloff, A. S. (1993), ‘Gender and the social rights of citizenship: The comparative analysis of gender relations and welfare states’, American Sociological Review, 58, 3: 303–28.
Orloff, A. S. (1996), ‘Gender in the welfare state’, Annual Review of Sociology, 22: 51–78.
Orloff, A. S. (2008), ‘Should Feminists Aim for Gender Symmetry? Feminism and Gender Equality Projects for a Post-materialist Era’, paper presented at the annual conference of the International Sociological Association Research Committee on Poverty, Social Welfare and Social Policy, RC 19, Stockholm, 4–6 September.
Orloff, A. S. (2009), ‘Should feminists aim for gender symmetry? Why a dual earner/dual caregiver society is not every feminist’s utopia’, in Gornick, J. C. and Meyers, M. K. (eds), Gender Equality Transforming Family Divisions of Labour: The Real Utopias Project, Volume VI, London: Verso, pp. 129–57.
Ostner, I. and Lewis, J. (1995), ‘Gender and the evolution of European social policies’, in Leibfried, S. and Pierson, P. (eds), European Social Policy: Between Fragmentation and Integration, Washington, DC: Brookings, pp. 159–93.
Oxfam (2017), Oxfam’s Conceptual Framework on Women’s Economic Empowerment, Oxford: Oxfam.
Papadopoulos, T. and Roumpakis, A. (2019), ‘Family as socio-economic actor in the political economy of welfare’, in Heins, E., Rees, J. and Needham, C. (eds), Social Policy Review 31: Analysis and Debate in Social Policy, 2019, Bristol, UK: Policy Press, pp. 243–66.
Parreñas, R. (2001), Servants of Globalization: Women, Migration and Domestic Work, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Pascall, G. (1983), ‘Women and social welfare’, in Bean, P. and McPherson, S. (eds), Approaches to Welfare, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, pp. 83–98.
Pascall, G. (1986), Social Policy: A Feminist Critique, London: Tavistock.
Pascall, G. and Lewis, J. (2004), ‘Emerging gender regimes and policies for equality in Europe’, Journal of Social Policy, 33, 3: 373–94.
Pateman, C. (1988), ‘The patriarchal welfare state’, in Gutman, A. (ed.), Democracy and the Welfare State, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp. 231–60.
Paull, G. (2007), Partnership Transitions and Mothers’ Employment, Department for Work and Pensions Research Report 452, Leeds: Corporate Document Services.
Paull, G. and Taylor, J. (2002), Mothers’ Employment and Childcare Use in Britain, London: Institute for Fiscal Studies.
Peña-Casas, R., Ghailani, S., Spasova, S. and Vanhercke, B. (2019), In-Work Poverty in Europe: A Study of National Policies, Brussels: European Commission.
Peng, I. (2019), The Care Economy: A New Research Framework, Sciences Po LIEPP Working Paper No. 89, Paris: Sciences Po.
Périvier, H. (2014), ‘Men and women during the economic crisis: Employment trends in eight European countries’, in Eydoux, A., Math, A. and Périvier, H. (eds), European Labour Markets in Time of Crisis: A Gender Perspective, Paris: Revue de l’OFCE, Debates and Policies, n 133, pp. 41–84.
Perrons, D. (2015), ‘The effects of the crisis on female poverty’, in Main Causes of Female Poverty, Compilation of In-depth Analyses, Workshop 30 March, Brussels: European Parliament, pp. 39–67.
Pettit, B. and Hook, J. L. (2005), ‘The structure of women’s employment in comparative perspective’, Social Forces, 84, 2: 779–801.
Pettit, B. and Hook, J. L. (2009), Gendered Tradeoffs, New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Pfau-Effinger, B. (2004), Development of Culture, Welfare States and Women’s Employment in Europe, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.
Pfau-Effinger, B. (2005), ‘Welfare state policies and the development of care arrangements’, European Societies, 7, 2: 321–47.
Phoenix, A. and Pattynama, P. (2006), ‘Intersectionality’, European Journal of Women’s Studies, 13, 3: 187–92.
Plantenga, J. and Remery, C. (2013), ‘Measuring gender equality within the European Union’, in Bettio, F., Plantenga, J. and Smith, M. (eds), Gender and the European Labour Market, London: Routledge, pp. 36–50.
Pollack, M. and Hafner-Burton, E. (2000), ‘Mainstreaming gender in the European Union’, Journal of European Public Policy, 7, 3: 432–56.
Ponthieux, S. (2013), ‘Income pooling and equal sharing within the household: What can we learn from the 2010 EU-SILC Module?’, Eurostat Population and Social Conditions: Methodologies and Working Papers, Luxembourg: European Commission.
Price, D. (2008), Measuring the Poverty of Older People: A Critical Review, Report of an ESRC Public Sector Placement Fellowship June 2007– January 2008, London: King’s College London.
Price, D. (2009), ‘Pension accumulation and gendered household structures: What are the implications of changes in family formation for future financial inequality?’, in Miles, J. and Probert, R. (eds), Sharing Lives, Dividing Assets: An Inter-disciplinary Study, Oxford: Hart Publishing, pp. 257–82.
Prügl, E. (2017), ‘Neoliberalism with a feminist face: Creating a new hegemony at the World Bank’, Feminist Economics, 23, 1: 30–53.
Quadagno, J. S. (1994), The Color of Welfare: How Racism Undermined the War on Poverty, New York: Oxford University Press.
Quinn, S. (2016), Europe: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts, IMF Working Paper No. 16/155, Washington, DC: IMF.
Rai, S., Hoskyns, C. and Thomas, D. (2014), ‘Depletion’, International Feminist Journal of Politics, 16, 1: 86–105.
Ramaekers, S. and Suissa, J. (2012), The Claims of Parenting: Reasons, Responsibility and Society, London: Springer.
Ranci, C. and Pavolini, E. (2015), ‘Not all that glitters is gold: Long-term care reforms in the last two decades in Europe’, Journal of European Social Policy, 25, 3: 270–85.
Rastrigina, O. and Verashchagina, A. (2015), Secondary Earners and Fiscal Policies in Europe, Brussels: European Commission.
Razavi, S. (2011), ‘Rethinking care in a development context: An introduction’, Development and Change, 42, 4: 873–903.
Razavi, S. and Staab, S. (2018), ‘Rethinking social policy: A gender perspective from the developing world’, in Shaver, S. (ed.), Handbook on Gender and Social Policy, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 74–89.
Rees, T. (1998), Mainstreaming Equality in the European Union: Education, Training and Labour Market Policies. London: Routledge.
Risman, B. and Davis, G. (2013), ‘From sex roles to gender culture’, Current Sociology, 51, 5–6: 733–55.
Robeyns, I. (2003), ‘Sen’s capability approach and gender inequality: Selecting relevant capabilities’, Feminist Economics, 9, 2–3: 61–92.
Rodrigues, R., Huber, M. and Lamura, G. (eds) (2012), Facts and Figures on Healthy Ageing and Long-term Care, Vienna: European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research.
Rolandsen Augustín, L. (2013), Gender Equality, Intersectionality, and Diversity in Europe, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Roll, J. (1991), What Is a Family? Benefit Models and Social Realities, London: Family Policy Studies Centre, Occasional Paper No 13.
Rose, H. (1981), ‘Rereading Titmuss: The sexual division of welfare’, Journal of Social Policy, 10, 4: 477–502.
Rose, H. (1986), ‘Women and the restructuring of the welfare state’, in Øyen, E. (ed.), Comparing Welfare States and their Futures, Aldershot, UK: Gower, pp. 80–95.
Rottenberg, C. (2014), ‘The rise of neoliberal feminism’, Cultural Studies, 28, 3: 418–37.
Rottenberg, C. (2018), The Rise of Neoliberal Feminism, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Rubery, J. (2015), ‘Regulating for gender equality: A policy framework to support the universal caregiver vision’, Social Politics, 22, 4: 513–38.
Sainsbury, D. (1993), ‘Dual welfare and sex segregation of access to social benefits: Income maintenance policies in the UK, the US, the Netherlands and Sweden’, Journal of Social Policy, 22, 1: 69–98.
Sainsbury, D. (1994), ‘Women’s and men’s social rights: Gendering dimensions of welfare states?’, in Sainsbury, D. (ed.), Gendering Welfare States, London: Sage, pp. 150–69.
Sainsbury, D. (1996), Gender, Equality and Welfare States, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sainsbury, D. (ed.) (1999), Gender and Welfare State Regimes, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Salem, S. (2018), ‘Intersectionality and its discontents: Intersectionality as travelling theory’, European Journal of Women’s Studies, 25, 4: 403–18.
Sanchez-Mangas, R. and Sanchez-Marcos, V. (2008), ‘Balancing family and work: The effect of cash benefits for working mothers’, Labor Economics, 15, 6: 1127–42.
Sánchez-Mira, N. and O’Reilly, J. (2018), ‘Household employment and the crisis in Europe’, Work, Employment and Society, 33, 3: 422–43.
Sapiro, V. (1986), ‘The gender basis of American social policy’, Political Science Quarterly, 101, 2: 221–38.
Saraceno, C. (2011), Family Policies, Concepts, Goals and Instruments, Torino: Collegio Carlo Alberto, Carlo Alberto Notebooks, No 230.
Saraceno, C. (2015), ‘A critical look at the social investment approach from a gender perspective’, Social Politics, 22, 2: 257–69.
Saraceno, C. and Keck, W. (2010), ‘Can we identify intergenerational policy regimes in Europe?’, European Societies, 12, 5: 675–96.
Saxonberg, S. (2013), ‘From defamilialization to degenderization: Toward a new welfare typology’, Social Policy & Administration, 47, 1: 26–49.
Sayer, L., Gauthier, A. H. and Furstenberg, F. J. (2004), ‘Educational differences in parents’ time with children: Cross-national variations’, Journal of Marriage and Family, 66: 1152–69.
Scheiwe, K. (1994), ‘EC law’s unequal treatment of the family: The case law of the European Court of Justice on rules prohibiting discrimination on grounds of sex and nationality’, Social and Legal Studies, 3, 2: 243–65.
Schneebaum, A., Rehm, M., Mader, K., Klopf, P. and Hollan, K. (2014), The Gender Wealth Gap in Europe, Department of Economics Working Paper No. 186, Vienna: University of Economics and Business.
Scott, J. (1986), ‘Gender: A useful category of historical analysis’, American Historical Review, 91, 5: 1053–75.
Sen, A. (1985), ‘Well-being, agency and freedom: the Dewey lectures 1984’, The Journal of Philosophy, 82, 4: 169–224.
Sen, A. (1992), Inequality Re-examined, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sen, A. (1999), Development as Freedom, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Shalev, M. (2009), ‘Class divisions among women’, in Gornick, J. C. and Meyers, M. K. (eds), Gender Equality Transforming Family Divisions of Labour: The Real Utopias Project, Volume VI, London: Verso, pp. 255–82.
Shaver, S. (1990), Gender, Social Policy Regimes and the Welfare State, Discussion Paper No. 26, Social Policy Research Centre, Sydney: University of New South Wales.
Shaver, S. (2018), ‘Introduction to the Handbook on Gender and Social Policy’, in Shaver, S. (ed.), Handbook on Gender and Social Policy, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 1–18.
Shaver, S. and Bradshaw, J. (1993), The Recognition of Wifely Labour by Welfare States, Discussion Paper No. 44, Social Policy Research Centre, Sydney: The University of New South Wales.
Showstack Sassoon, A. (ed.) (1987), Women and the State: The Shifting Boundaries of Public and Private, London: Hutchinson.
Sierminska, E. (in association with Girshina, A.) (2017), Wealth and Gender in Europe, Brussels: European Commission, Directorate General for Justice.
Siim, B. (1987), ‘The Scandinavian welfare states – towards sexual equality or a new kind of male domination?’, Acta Sociologica, 30, 3–4: 255–70.
Siim, B. and Borchorst, A. (2017), ‘Gendering European welfare states and citizenship: Revisioning citizenship’, in Kennett, P. and Lendvai-Bainton, N. (eds), Handbook of European Social Policy, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 60–74.
Simonazzi, A. (2009), ‘Care regimes and national employment models’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 33: 211–32.
Skocpol, T. (1995), Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the US, Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press.
Sohrab, J. A. (1994a), ‘Women and social security: The limits of EEC equality law’, Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 16, 1: 5–17.
Sohrab, J. A. (1994b), ‘An overview of the equality directive on social security and its implementation in four social security systems’, Journal of European Social Policy, 4, 4: 263–76.
Sohrab, J. A. (1996), Sexing the Benefit: Women, Social Security and Financial Independence in EC Equality Law, Aldershot, UK: Dartmouth.
Spasova, S., Baeten, R., Costa, S., Ghailani, D., Peña-Casas, R. and Vanhercke, B. (2018), Challenges of Long-term Care in Europe: A Study of National Policies 2018, European Social Policy Network (ESPN), Brussels: European Commission.
Staab, S. (2010), ‘Social investment policies in Chile and Latin America: Towards equal opportunities for women and children?’, Journal of Social Policy, 39, 4: 607–26.
Stainback, K., Tomaskovic-Devey, D. and Skaggs, S. (2010), ‘Organizational approaches to inequality: Inertia, relative power, and environments’, Annual Review of Sociology, 36: 225–47.
Steiber, N. and Haas, B. (2012), ‘Advances in explaining women’s employment patterns’, Socio-Economic Review 10, 2: 343–67.
Steiber, N., Berghammer, C. and Haas, B. (2016), ‘Contextualizing the education effect on women’s employment: A cross-national comparative analysis’, Journal of Marriage and Family, 78, 1: 246–61.
Steiner, J. (1996), ‘The principle of equal treatment for men and women in social security’, in Hervey, T. K. and O’Keeffe, D. O. (eds), Sex Equality Law in the European Union, Chichester, UK: Wiley, pp. 111–36.
Stier, H., Lewin-Epstein, N. and Braun, M. (2018), ‘Institutional change and women’s work patterns along the family life course’, Research in Stratification and Mobility, 57: 46–55.
Stratigaki, M. (2004), ‘The co-optation of gender concepts in EU policies: The case of “reconciliation of work and family”’, Social Politics, 11, 1: 30–56.
Stratigaki, M. (2005), ‘Gender mainstreaming vs. positive action. An ongoing conflict in EU gender equality policy’, European Journal of Women’s Studies, 12, 2: 165–86.
Sullivan, O., Billari, F. and Altintas, E. (2014), ‘Fathers’ changing contributions to childcare and domestic work in very low fertility countries: The effect of education’, Journal of Family Issues, 35, 8: 1048–65.
Sullivan, O., Gershuny, J. and Robinson, J. P. (2018), ‘Stalled or uneven gender revolution? A long-term processual framework for understanding why change is slow’, Journal of Family Theory & Review, 10, 1: 263–79.
Szelewa, D. (2019), ‘Invention-institutionalization-implementation: The origins of childcare policies in Poland’, Social Politics, 26, 1: 139–63.
Tambe, A. (2018), ‘Reckoning with the silences of #MeToo’, Feminist Studies, 44, 1: 197–202.
Taylor-Gooby, P. (2004), New Risks, New Welfare, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Thévenon, O. (2016), ‘Do “institutional complementarities” foster female labour force participation?’, Journal of Institutional Economics, 12, 2: 471–97.
Thomas, C. (1993), ‘Deconstructing concepts of care’, Sociology, 27, 4: 649–69.
Treas, J. (2010), ‘Why study housework?’, in Treas, J. and Drobnič, S. (eds), Dividing the Domestic Men, Women and Household Work in Cross-national Perspective, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, pp. 3–18.
Treas, J. and Drobnič, S. (eds) (2010), Dividing the Domestic: Men, Women and Household Work in Cross-national Perspective, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Ungerson, C. (1995), ‘Gender, cash and informal care: European perspectives and dilemmas’, Journal of Social Policy, 24, 1: 31–52.
Ungerson, C. (1997), ‘Social politics and the commodification of care’, Social Politics, 4, 3: 362–81.
UNRISD (2016), Policy Innovations for Transformative Change: Implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Geneva: Switzerland.
Uunk, W. (2015), ‘Does the cultural context matter? The effect of a country’s gender-role attitudes on female labour supply’, European Societies, 17, 2: 176–98.
Van Hooren, F. J. (2012), ‘Varieties of migrant care work: Comparing patterns of migrant labour in social care’, Journal of European Social Policy 22: 133–47.
Van Kersbergen, K. and Vis, B. (2014), Comparative Welfare State Politics: Developments, Opportunities, and Reform, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Van Lancker, W. (2015), ‘Effects of poverty on the living and working conditions of women and their children’, presented at Workshop on the Main Causes of Female Poverty, Workshop for the FEMM Committee, 30 March, European Parliament, Brussels.
Verloo, M. (2005), ‘Reflections on the concept and practice of the Council of Europe approach to gender mainstreaming’, Social Politics, 12, 3: 344–65.
Verloo, M. (2006), ‘Multiple inequalities, intersectionality and the European Union’, European Journal of Women’s Studies, 13, 3: 211–28.
Verschuur, C. (2013), ‘Theoretical debates on social reproduction and care: The articulation between the domestic and the global economy’, in Oso, L. and Ribos-Mateos, N. (eds), The International Handbook on Gender, Migration and Transnationalism, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 145–61.
Villa, P. (2013), ‘The role of the EES in the promotion of gender equality in the labour market: A critical appraisal’, in Bettio, F., Plantenga, J. and Smith, M. (eds), Gender and the European Labour Market, London: Routledge, pp. 135–67.
Vitali, A. and Arpino, B. (2016), ‘Who brings home the bacon? The influence of context on partners’ contributions to the household income’, Demographic Research, 35, 41: 1213‒44.
Wærness, K. (1978), ‘The invisible welfare state: Women’s work at home’, Acta Sociologica, 21 (special issue): 193–207.
Walby, S. (1990), Theorizing Patriarchy, Oxford: Blackwell.
Walby, S., Armstrong, J. and Strid, S. (2012), ‘Intersectionality: Multiple inequalities in social theory’, Sociology, 46, 2: 224–40.
Waring, M. (1988), If Women Counted: A New Feminist Economics, London: Harper and Row.
Watkins, S. (2018), ‘Which feminisms?’, New Left Review, 109, Jan.–Feb.: 5–76.
West, C. and Zimmerman, D. H. (1987), ‘Doing gender’, Gender & Society, 1, 2: 125–51.
Williams, F. (1989), Social Policy: A Critical Introduction, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Williams, F. (1993), ‘Gender, “race”, and class in British welfare policy’, in Cochrane, A. and Clarke, J. (eds), Comparing Welfare States, London: Sage, pp. 77–104.
Williams, F. (2012a), ‘Care relations and public policy: Social justice claims and social investment frames’, Families, Relationships and Societies, 1, 1: 103–19.
Williams, F. (2012b), ‘Converging variations in migrant care work in Europe’, Journal of European Social Policy, 22: 363–76.
Williams, F. (2018a), ‘Care: Intersections of scales, inequalities and crises’, Current Sociology, 66, 4: 547–61.
Williams, F. (2018b), ‘Intersectionality, gender and social policy’, in Shaver, S. (ed.), Handbook on Gender and Social Policy, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 37–54.
Williams, J. C. (2010), Reshaping the Work-Family Debate, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Wilson, E. (1977), Women and the Welfare State, London: Tavistock.
Women’s Budget Group, Fawcett Society, #FaceHerFuture (2018), Exploring the Economic Impact of Brexit on Women, London.
Yeates, N. (2011), ‘Going global: The transnationalization of care’, Development and Change, 42, 4: 1109–30.
Yeatman, A. (2018), ‘Gender, social policy and the idea of the welfare state’, in Shaver, S. (ed.), Handbook on Gender and Social Policy, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 21–36.