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Varieties of Capital Cities

The Competitiveness Challenge for Secondary Capitals

David Kaufmann

The political and symbolic centrality of capital cities has been challenged by increasing economic globalization. This is especially true of secondary capital cities; capital cities which, while being the seat of national political power, are not the primary economic city of their nation state. David Kaufmann examines the unique challenges that these cities face entering globalised, inter-urban competition while not possessing a competitive political economy.
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Abbreviations and acronyms

David Kaufmann

ACTAustralian Capital Territory
AUDAustralian dollars
BIDsBusiness Improvement Districts
CADCanadian dollars
CEDOCommission of Economic Development Officials (US)
CHFSwiss francs
CMEsCoordinated Market Economies
DCDistrict of Columbia
EUEuropean Union
EUReuros
FCCFederal City Council (US)
FDAFood and Drug Administration (US)
FDIforeign direct investment
5yEDSFive Year Economic Development Strategy for the District of Columbia
GDPGross Domestic Product
GGBathe Greater Geneva Berne Area
GWBoTGreater Washington Board of Trade
GWIGreater Washington Initiative
HACThe Hague Academic Coalition
HSDThe Hague Security Delta
ICTinformation and communications technology
IQInnovationQuarter (The Netherlands)
KIBSknowledge-intensive business services
LMEsLiberal Market Economies
MLGMultilevel Governance
MRTHMetropolitan Region of Rotterdam The Hague
MWCOGMetropolitan Washington Council of Governments
NAFTANorth American Free Trade Agreement
NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization
NCCNational Capital Commission (Canada)
NCPCNational Capital Planning Commission (US)
NCRNational Capital Region (Canada)
NFIANetherlands Foreign Investment Agency
NHINational Health Institute (US)
OCFOOffice of the Chief Financial Officer (US)
OCRIOttawa Centre for Research and Innovation
OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OPWCOrganization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
PILTpayment in lieu of taxes
R&Dresearch and development
RFIARotterdam Foreign Investment Agency (now Rotterdam Partners)
RISRegional Innovation System
SASCsState-anchored secondary cities
SBBSchweizerische Bundesbahnen (Swiss Federal Railways)
SCCsSecondary Capital Cities
SGESwiss Global Enterprise
TandemNSITandem National Security Innovations (US)
TNOThe Netherlands Organization of Applied Scientific Research
TOPThe Ottawa Partnership
UNUnited Nations
USUnited States
USDUnited States dollars
VoCVarieties of Capitalism theory
WHFIAWest Holland Foreign Investment Agency (now The Hague Business Agency)
WSAWork and Social Assistance Act (The Netherlands)