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Varieties of Capital Cities

The Competitiveness Challenge for Secondary Capitals

David Kaufmann

The political and symbolic centrality of capital cities has been challenged by increasing economic globalization. This is especially true of secondary capital cities; capital cities which, while being the seat of national political power, are not the primary economic city of their nation state. David Kaufmann examines the unique challenges that these cities face entering globalised, inter-urban competition while not possessing a competitive political economy.
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Chapter 2: How to study locational policies in Secondary Capital Cities: aninterdisciplinary analytical framework

David Kaufmann


Locational policies aim to enhance the economic competitiveness of localities by developing place-specific assets that are considered to be most competitive. The proposed Locational Policies Framework captures the wide array of policy endeavors of cities to compete in interurban competition. The analytical framework of this book draws from the Varieties of Capitalism theory. This theoretical lens enables the theorizing of local governments as actors that formulate locational policies based on political and economic institutions. The economic institutions are examined using the Regional Innovation System concept, which stems from the economic geography literature. The political institutions are analysed by using the Multilevel Governance concept which has emerged from political science literature. The analytical framework assumes that these two explanatory factors constrain or enable the formulation of different types of locational policies. Furthermore, local decision-makers may draft locational policies which aim at the very structures that simultaneously enable or restrict them.

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