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The Protection of Geographical Indications

Law and Practice, Second Edition

Michael Blakeney

Encapsulating the most recent changes in the law, this second edition of The Protection of Geographical Indications investigates the European laws which regulate the way that geographical indications can be used in the marketing of agricultural products, food, wines and spirits. Key updates to this comprehensive second edition include two new chapters exploring the impact of Brexit and considering the protection of EU geographical indications outside Europe and of foreign geographical indications within the EU.
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TABLE OF LEGISLATION

Michael Blakeney

EU Regulations

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 2019/34 of 17 October 2018, implementing Regulation 1308/2013, C/2018/6621, OJ L 9, 11.1.2019, p. 46–76 4.05, 4.362, 4.367, 4.369, 4.370, 4.379, 4.380, 4.381, 4.385, 4.391, 4.392, 4.394, 4.395, 4.397, 4.398, 4.399, 4.404, 4.410, 4.412, 4.418, 4.419, 4.420, 4.424, 4.425, 4.426, 4.431, 4.443, 4.446, 4.447, 4.454, 4.455, 4.471, 4.381, 4.483, 4.492, 4.493, 4.498, 4.499, 4.512, 4.516, 4.518, 4.528, 4.530

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 2019/33 of 17 October 2018, C/2018/6622, OJ L 9, 11.1.2019, pp. 2–45 3.65, 3.112, 3.157, 3.237, 3.248, 3.332, 3.358, 3.372, 3.373, 3.376, 3.380, 3.381, 3.382, 3.383, 3.384, 3.385, 3.386, 3.387, 3.388, 3.389, 3.390, 3.391, 3.392, 3.393, 3.394, 3.395, 3.397, 3.401, 3.402, 3.403, 3.404, 3.407, 4.05, 4.362, 4.364, 4.368, 4.373, 4.375, 4.376, 4.377, 4.378, 4.379, 4.382, 4.383, 4.384, 4.385, 4.386, 4.387, 4.388, 4.395, 4.396, 4.397, 4.398, 4.399, 4.400, 4.402, 4.409, 4.411, 4.412, 4.416, 4.421, 4.422, 4.423, 4.424, 4.427, 4.428, 4.429, 4.430, 4.431, 4.432, 4.445, 4.454, 4.455, 4.456, 4.457, 4.458, 4.459, 4.463, 4.464, 4.466, 4.467, 4.468, 4.476, 4.478, 4.483, 4.486, 4.487, 4.488, 4.491, 4.492, 4.498, 4.499, 4.504, 4.507, 4.509, 4.511, 4.514, 4.521, 4.525, 4.527

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 2018/626 of 5 March 2018, OJ L 104, 24.4.2018, pp. 37–56 6.86

Regulation (EU) No 2017/1001 on the European trade mark (codification), OJ L 154, 16.6.2017, pp. 1–99; 4.506, 5.206, 6.86, 6.117–6.151

Implementing Regulation (EU) No 668/2014 4.471

Regulation (EU) No 251/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of aromatised wine products and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91 5.201, 8.122, 9.20

Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products 1.04, 4.05, 4.06, 4.07, 4.362, 4.377, 4.378, 4.382, 4.385, 4.387, 4.389, 4.394, 4.396, 4.402, 4.409, 4.411, 4.412, 4.418, 4.421, 4.428, 4.430, 4.432, 4.436, 4.437, 4.439, 4.446, 4.451, 4.456, 4.457, 4.460, 4.461, 4.463, 4.466, 4.467, 4.469, 4.473, 4.490, 4.504, 4.507, 4.510, 4.525, 4.530, 4.531, 4.533, 4.534, 4.539, 4.540, 5.201, 8.122, 9.20

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 716/2013 of 25 July 2013 laying down rules for the application of Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of spirit drinks (OJ L 201/21, 26.7.2013 pp. 21–30) 1.05, 5.01, 5.02, 5.41, 5.42, 5.43, 5.44, 5.46, 5.47, 5.48, 5.71, 5.73, 5.76, 5.77, 5.78, 5.79, 5.80, 5.82, 5.83, 5.86, 5.87, 5.88, 5.89, 5.91, 5.92, 5.93, 5.94, 5.95, 5.97, 5.98, 5.99, 5.100, 5.101, 5.102, 5.103, 5.104, 5.107, 5.108, 5.109, 5.110, 5.111, 5.123

Regulation (EU) No 608/2013 of the European Parliament and Council of 12 June 2013 on Customs Enforcement of Intellectual Property (‘Customs Regulation’) replacing Council Regulation (EC) 1383/2003 1.07, 7.01, 7.82–7.99

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 120/2013 of 11 February 2013 entering a name in the register of protected designations of origin and protected geographical indications (Khao Hom Mali Thung Kula Rong-Hai (PGI)) (OJ L 41/312.2.2013) 3.151

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 110/2013 of 6 February 2013 entering a name in the register of protected designations of origin and protected geographical indications (Gruyère (PGI)) (OJ L 36/1, 7.2.2013, pp. 1–2)

Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 on quality schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs (OJ L 343, 14.12.2012, p. 1) 1.04, 3.05, 3.06, 3.07, 3.08–3.409, 5.139, 6.53, 6.111, 7.116, 8.101, 8.116, 8.122, 8.145, 8.182, 8.183, 9.20

Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2011 on the provision of food information to consumers (Foodstuffs Regulation) (OJ L 304, 22.11.2011, pp. 18–63)    3.02, 3.116, 3.117, 3.118, 3.119, 3.120, 3.121, 3.122, 3.123, 3.124, 3.126, 3.127, 3.128, 3.129, 4.464, 5.135, 5.138

Regulation 538/2011 (amending Regulation 607/2009) laying down certain detailed rules for the implementation of Regulation 479/2008 as regards protected designations of origin and geographical indications, traditional terms, labelling and presentation of certain wine sector products OJ L 193, 24.7.2009, p. 60, as last amended by Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 670/2011 (OJ L 183, 13.7.2011, p. 6) 4.23, 4.24, 4.208, 4.212, 4.248, 4.249, 4.252, 4.253, 4.273

Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission’s exercise of implementing powers (OJ L 55/13, 28.2.2011, pp. 13–18) 7.124

Commission Regulation (EC) No 607/2009 of 14 July 2009 laying down certain detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 479/2008 as regards protected designations of origin and geographical indications, traditional terms, labelling and presentation of certain wine sector products (OJ L 193, 24.7.2009, p. 60) 1.05, 4.05, 4.25, 4.26, 4.27, 4.28, 4.29, 4.34, 4.36, 4.37, 4.38, 4.40, 4.41, 4.42, 4.44, 4.48, 4.49, 4.59, 4.63, 4.64, 4.67, 4.68, 4.70, 4.71, 4.72, 4.73, 4.74, 4.76, 4.79, 4.81, 4.83, 4.84, 4.85, 4.86, 4.90, 4.92, 4.95, 4.96, 4.97, 4.98, 4.99, 4.100, 4.101, 4.102, 4.103, 4.104, 4.105, 4.106, 4.107, 4.110, 4.111, 4.112, 4.113, 4.114, 4.125, 4.127, 4.130, 4.131, 4.133, 4.135, 4.136, 4.138, 4.142, 4.145, 4.146, 4.147, 4.148, 4.149, 4.151, 4.152, 4.153, 4.154, 4.155, 4.156, 4.157, 4.158, 4.160, 4.161, 4.163, 4.164, 4.167, 4.168, 4.169, 4.170, 4.172, 4.173, 4.175, 4.177, 4.178, 4.179, 4.180, 4.181, 4.182, 4.183, 4.204, 4.205, 4.206, 4.207, 4.208, 4.209, 4.210, 4.211, 4.212, 4.213, 4.215, 4.217, 4.218, 4.219, 4.220, 4.223, 4.224, 4.229, 4.230, 4.231, 4.232, 4.233, 4.234, 4.236, 4.237, 4.238, 4.239, 4.240, 4.241, 4.242, 4.243, 4.244, 4.245, 4.246, 4.248, 4.249, 4.250, 4.251, 4.252, 4.254, 4.255, 4.256, 4.257, 4.258, 4.260, 4.261, 4.262, 4.263, 4.264, 4.265, 4.267, 4.268, 4.270, 4.271, 4.272, 4.273, 4.280, 4.285, 4.286, 4.289, 4.290, 4.291, 4.292, 4.294, 4.295, 4.296, 4.298, 4.299, 4.300, 4.301, 4.307, 4.308, 4.309, 4.311, 4.312, 4.313, 4.314, 4.315, 4.316, 4.317, 4.318, 4.328, 4.329, 4.330, 4.331, 4.333, 4.334, 4.335, 4.336, 4.337, 4.338, 4.341, 4.345, 4.346, 4.350, 4.353, 4.354, 4.355, 4.356, 4.527, 5.66, 9.20

Commission Regulation (EC) No 606/2009 laying down certain detailed rules for implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 479/2008 as regards the categories of grapevine products, oenological practices and the applicable restrictions (OJ L 193, 24.7.2009, p. 1) 4.25

Council Regulation (EC) No 491/2009 of 25 May 2009 amending Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 establishing a common organisation of agricultural markets and on specific provisions for certain agricultural products (‘Single CMO Regulation’) (OJ L 154 of 17.06.2009) 6.53, 6.211, 6.213

Council Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 of 26 February 2009 on the Community Trade Mark (Community Trade Mark Regulation) (OJ 2009 L 78, p. 1) 4.440, 6.03, 6.04, 6.07, 6.08, 6.10, 6.29, 6.36, 6.38, 6.46, 6.51, 6.52, 6.55, 6.64, 6.65, 6.66, 6.70, 6.73, 6.76, 6.81, 6.85, 6.88, 6.89, 6.97, 6.100, 6.102, 6.104, 6.108, 6.109, 6.114, 6.117, 7.90, 7.91, 7.92

Commission Regulation (EC) No 114/2009 of 6 February 2009 laying down transitional measures for the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 479/2008 as regards the references to wines with a protected designation of origin and a protected geographical indication (OJ L 38 of 7.02.2009) 1.05

Regulation (EC) No 765/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 setting out the requirements for accreditation and market surveillance relating to the marketing of products (OJ L 218, 13.8.2008, p. 30) 3.299, 3.314

Commission Regulation (EC) No 555/2008 laying down detailed rules for implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 479/2008 on the common organisation of the market in wine as regards support programmes, trade with third countries, production potential and on controls in the wine sector (OJ L 170, 30.6.2008, p. 1) 4.156

Commission Regulation 479/2008 on the common organisation of the market in wine, as updated (‘Wine Regulation’) (OJ L 148, 6.6.2008, pp. 1–61) 1.05, 4.05, 4.06, 4.08–4.540, 9.20

Regulation 417/2008 of 8 May 2008 amending Annexes I and II to Regulation 510/2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs (OJ L148 of 06.06.2008)

Council Regulation (EC) No 301/2008, OJ L 97, 9.4.2008, p. 85 4.15

Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of spirit drinks and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 1576/89 (‘Spirits Regulation’) (OJ 2008 L 39, p. 16) 1.05, 3.01, 4.130, 4.436, 5.01, 5.02, 5.03, 5.04–5.124, 5.125, 5.197, 5.207, 5.224, 5.227, 5.237, 5.238, 5.239, 5.240, 5.241, 5.242, 5.243, 5.244, 5.249, 5.250–5.255, 6.53, 6.84, 7.116, 8.122, 9.20, 9.23

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1580/2007 of 21 December 2007 laying down implementing rules of Council Regulations (EC) No 2200/96, (EC) No 2201/96 and (EC) No 1182/2007 in the fruit and vegetable sector (OJ L 350, 31.12.2007, p. 1) 3.120

Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 establishing a common organisation of agricultural markets and on specific provisions for certain agricultural products (‘Single CMO Regulation’) (OJ L 299, 16.11.20007, p. 1) 3.01, 3.30, 3.319, 4.05, 4.07, 4.200, 4.362, 4.531, 4.533, 4.534, 4.539, 4.540, 6.53, 6.83, 7.116

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007 of 18 October 2007 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed (OJ L 275, 19.10.2007, p. 3) 3.06

Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products (OJ L 189, 20.7.2007, p. 1). 3.01

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1898/2006 of 14 December 2006 laying down detailed rules of implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs, (OJ L 369, 23.12.2006, p. 1) 3.06, 4.328

Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006, OJ L 363, 20.12.2006, p. 1 4.10, 5.119

Commission Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 of 20 March 2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs, (OJ L 93, 31.3.2006, p. 12) 3.01, 3.03, 3.06, 3.67, 3.151, 3.201, 3.203, 3.205, 3.214, 3.215, 3.405, 4.10, 6.49, 8.145

Council Regulations (EC) No 509/2006 of 20 March 2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed (OJ L 93, 31.3.2006, p. 1) 3.01, 3.06, 3.216, 3.259, 3.261, 3.405

Regulation 261/2006 amending Regulation 753/2002 laying down certain rules for applying Regulation 1493/1999 as regards the description, designation, presentation and protection of certain wine sector products (OJ L 46 of 16.2.2006) 4.04

Council Regulation (EC) No 247/2006 of 30 January 2006 laying down specific measures for agriculture in the outermost regions of the Union (OJ L 42, 14.2.2006, p. 1) 3.01

Regulation (EC) No 1290/2005 3.321

Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on official controls performed to ensure the verification of compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules (OJ L 299, 8.11.2008, p. 25), corrected by OJ L 191, 28.5.2004, p. 1 (last amended by Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006) 3.135, 3.296, 3.302, 3.312, 3.315, 3.316, 3.326, 4.15, 4.80, 4.139, 4.318, 4.319, 4.334, 5.119, 5.148, 5.253

Council Regulation (EC) No 422/2004 of 19 February 2004 amending Regulation (EC) No 40/94 on the Community trade mark (OJ L 70, 9.3.2004, p. 1) (no longer in force) 7.117

Council Regulation (EC) No 1653/2003 of 18 June 2003 amending Regulation (EC) No 40/94 on the Community trade mark (OJ L 245, 29.9.2003, p. 36), (no longer in force) 7.117

Council Regulation (EC) No 1383/2003 of 22 July 2003 concerning customs action against goods suspected of infringing certain intellectual property rights and the measures to be taken against goods found to have infringed such rights (‘Customs Regulation’) (OJ L 196, 2.8.2003, pp. 7–14) 7.01, 7.04, 7.82, 7.96, 7.97, 7.99, 7.187, 7.249, 7.250

Council Regulation (EC) No 806/2003 of 14 April 2003 adapting to Decision 1999/468/EC the provisions relating to committees which assist the Commission in the exercise of its implementing powers laid down in Council instruments adopted in accordance with the consultation procedure (qualified majority) (OJ L 122, 16.5.2003, pp. 1–35) 4.02

Regulation 692/2003 of 8 April 2003 amending Regulation 2081/92 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs (OJ L 99/117.4.2003, pp. 1–7) 3.203, 3.205

Regulation 2086/2002, OJ L 321, 26/11/2002, p. 8 4.01

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1829/2002 of 14 October 2002 amending the Annex to Regulation (EC) No 1107/96 with regard to the name ‘Feta’ (OJ 2002 L 277, p. 10) 3.88

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1019/2002 of 13 June 2002 on marketing standards for olive oil (OJ L 155, 14.6.2002, p. 27) 3.120

Commission Regulation (EC) No 753/2002 of 29 April 2002 laying down certain rules for applying Council Regulation (EC) No 1493/1999 as regards the description, designation, presentation and protection of certain wine sector products, OJ L 118, 4.5.2002, p. 1 4.01, 4.04, 4.184, 4.185, 4.186, 4.187, 4.191, 4.192, 4.201, 4.460

Regulation 752/2002 4.193

Regulation 1347/2001 3.200, 3.202

Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 8, 12.1.2001, pp. 1–22). 7.125, 7.241, 7.245

Regulation (EC) No 1760/2000 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 July 2000 establishing a system for the identification and registration of bovine animals and regarding the labelling of beef and beef products, OJ L 204, 11.8.2000, p. 1 3.118, 3.120

Commission Regulation 1640/2000 amending Regulation 3201/90 laying down detailed rules for the description and presentation of wines and grape musts (OJ L 18726.7.2000, p. 41) 4.01

Regulation 1607/2000 of 24 July 2000 laying down detailed rules for implementing Council Regulation 753/2000 laying down certain rules for applying Council Regulation 1493/1999 as regards the description, designation, presentation and protection of certain wine sector products (OJ L185 of 25.07.2000) 4.01

Council Regulation (EC) No 104/2000 of 17 December 1999 on the common organisation of the markets in fishery and aquaculture products (OJ L 17, 21.1.2000, p. 22) 3.120

Commission Regulation 2253/1999 amending Regulation 881/98 laying down detailed rules for the protection of the additional traditional terms used to designate certain types of quality wine produced in specified regions (quality wine psr) (OJ L 275, 26.10.1999, pp. 8–8) (no longer in force) 4.01

Council Regulation 1493/1999 of 17 May 1999 on the common organisation of the market in wine, OJ L 179, 14/07/1999, p. 16 2.190, 4.01, 4.02, 4.03, 4.09, 4.184, 4.185, 4.186, 4.191, 4.192, 4.274, 4.359, 4.460, 6.78

Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999 of 17 May 1999 on support for rural development from the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF) and amending and repealing certain Regulations (OJ L 160 of 26.6.1999) 3.284, 3.286

Regulation (EC) No 590/1999 of 18 March 1999 3.71

Regulation (EC) No 2140/98, OJ L 270, 7.10.1998, p. 9 5.01

Commission Regulation 881/98 laying down detailed rules for the protection of the additional traditional terms used to designate certain types of quality wine produced in specified regions (quality wine psr) (OJ L 124, 25.4.1998, pp. 22–26) (no longer in force) 4.01

Council Regulation (EC) No 515/97 of 13 March 1997 on mutual assistance between the administrative authorities of the Member States and cooperation between the latter and the Commission to ensure the correct application of the law on customs and agricultural matters (OJ L 082, 22.03.1997 pp. 1–16) 7.234

Regulation No 123/97 3.44, 3.46, 3.167

Commission Regulation 1107/96 on the registration of geographical indications and designations of origin under the procedure laid down in Article 17 of Council Regulation (EEC) No 2081/92 (OJ No L 148, 21. 6. 1996, p. 1) 3.59, 3.71, 3.86, 3.200

Council Regulation 2100/94 of 27 July 1994 on Community plant variety rights (OJ L 227, 1.9.94, pp. 1–30) 3.103

Council Regulation (EC) No 40/94 of 20 December 1993 on the Community trade mark (OJ L 011, 14.1.1994, p. 1) (no longer in force) 2.187, 2.189, 3.192, 4.133, 5.251, 6.03, 6.77, 6.78, 6.79

Council Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92 of 12 October 1992 establishing the Community Customs Code (OJ L 302, 19/10/1992 pp. 1–50) 7.84, 7.85, 7.86, 7.100, 7.162

Council Regulation (EEC) No 2333/92 of 13 July 1992 laying down general rules for the description and presentation of sparkling wines and aerated sparkling wines (OJ 1992 L 231, p. 9) 4.225, 4.228

Council Regulation 2082/92 on certificates of specific character for agricultural products and foodstuffs (OJ L 208, 24 July 1992, p. 9) 3.03, 3.85

Council Regulation (EEC) 2081/92 of 14 July 1992 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs, (OJ L 208, 24.7.1992. p. 1) 2.20, 2.94, 2.95, 2.97, 2.98, 2.99, 2.100, 3.03, 3.15, 3.40, 3.43, 3.47, 3.50, 3.57, 3.60, 3.68, 3.69, 3.71, 3.81, 3.85, 3.86, 3.89, 3.90, 3.94, 3.95, 3.96, 3.167, 3.177, 3.178, 3.182, 3.183, 3.184, 3.185, 3.195, 3.196, 3.197, 3.198, 3.200, 3.203, 3.204, 3.205, 3.283, 6.48, 6.49

Council Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91 laying down general rules on the definition, description and presentation of aromatised wines, aromatised wine-based drinks and aromatised wine-product cocktails (OJ L 149, 14.6.1991, p. 1) 3.01, 7.116

Commission Regulation (EEC) No 3201/90 of 16 October 1990 laying down detailed rules for the description and presentation of wines and grape musts (OJ L 309, p. 1) 4.01, 4.303

Commission Regulation (EEC) No 1014/90 of 24 April 1990 laying down detailed implementing rules on the definition, description and presentation of spirit drinks (OJ 1990 L 105, p. 9) 5.01, 5.213, 5.214

Council Regulation (EEC) No 2392/89 of 24 July 1989 laying down general rules for the description and presentation of wines and grape musts (OJ 1989 L 232, p. 13) (no longer in force) 4.01, 4.282, 5.30

Council Regulation (EEC) No 2045/89 of 19 June 1989 amending Regulation (EEC) No 3309/85 laying down general rules for the description and presentation of sparkling wines and aerated sparkling wines (OJ 1989 L 202, p. 12) 4.221

Council Regulation (EEC) No 1576/89 of 29 May 1989 laying down general rules on the definition, description and presentation of spirit drinks (OJ 1989 L 160, p. 1) (no longer in force) 5.01, 5.23, 5.211, 5.212, 5.215, 5.218, 5.219, 5.238, 6.189, 8.64, 8.65

Regulation (EEC) No 986/89 establishing a system for verifying that the authenticity of the wine was not affected during transport 3.52

Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 of 23 July 1987 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff OJ L 256, 7.9.1987, p. 1 7.214

Council Regulation (EEC) No 823/87 of 16 March 1987 laying down special provisions relating to quality wines produced in specified regions (OJ 1987 L 84, p. 59) (no longer in force) 4.01, 4.302

Regulations (EEC) No 2392/86 4.274

Council Regulation (EEC) No 3309/85 of 18 November 1985 laying down general rules for the description and presentation of sparkling wines and aerated sparkling wines (OJ 1985 L 320, p. 9) (no longer in force) 4.221

Regulation No 997/81 4.303

Council Regulation (EEC) No 338/79 of 5 February 1979 laying down special provisions relating to quality wines produced in specified regions (OJ l979 L 54, p. 48) (no longer in force) 4.01, 4.302

Council Regulation 2133/74 of 8 August 1974 laying down general rules for the description and presentation of wines and grape musts (OJ L 240, 3/09/1974, p. 16) (no longer in force) 4.01

Regulation 817/70 laying down special provisions relating to quality wines produced in specified regions (no longer in force) 4.01

EU Directives

Directive (EU) 2015/2436 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2015 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks (Recast), OJ L 336, 23.12.2015, p. 1 4.506, 5.206, 6.151, 9.20

Directive 2009/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on the exploitation and marketing of natural mineral waters, OJ L 164, 26.6.2009, p. 45 5.129

Directive 2008/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2008 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks (‘Trade Marks Directive’) (OJ L 299, 8.11.2008) 3.162, 4.440, 4.506, 6.03, 6.04, 6.07, 6.33, 6.34, 6.35, 6.48, 6.51, 6.55, 6.60, 6.61, 6.65, 6.70, 6.111, 6.115–6.116, 7.90, 7.91, 7.92, 7.105, 7.107

Directive 2004/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the enforcement of intellectual property rights (‘Enforcement Directive’) (OJ L 195, 02.06.2004, pp. 16–25) 1.07, 2.130, 2.143, 2.144, 2.145, 7.04, 7.05, 7.12–7.76, 7.81

Council Directive 2001/111/EC of 20 December 2001 relating to certain sugars intended for human consumption, OJ L 10, 12.1.2002, p. 53 5.132

Council Directive 2001/110/EC of 20 December 2001 relating to honey (OJ L 10, 12.1.2002, p. 47) 3.01, 3.120, 5.132

Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society (OJ L 167, 22.6.2001, p. 10) 7.64

Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2000 on certain legal aspects of information society services, in particular electronic commerce, in the Internal Market (‘Electronic Commerce’) (OJ L 178, 17.07.2000, p. 1–16) 7.19

Directive 2000/13/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 March 2000 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the labelling, presentation and advertising of foodstuffs (OJ 2000 L 109, p. 29) 3.02, 3.162, 3.282, 4.04, 4.276, 5.25, 5.39, 5.54, 6.48, 6.111, 7.19

Directive 1999/93/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 1999 on a Community framework for electronic signatures (OJ L 13, 19.1.2000) 7.19

Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption, OJ L 330, 5.12.1998, p. 32 5.129

Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 June 1998 laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations and of rules on Information Society services (OJ L 204, 21.7.1998, p. 37) 3.32

Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 281, 23.11.1995 pp. 31–50) 7.19, 7.125, 7.242, 7.245

Council Directive 89/104/EEC of 21 December 1988 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks (OJ 1989 L 40, p. 1) 3.191, 3.192, 4.133, 5.251, 6.48

Council Directive 80/777/EEC of 15 July 1980 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the exploitation and marketing of natural mineral waters (OJ L 229, 30.8.1980, pp. 1–10) 6.61

Council Directive 79/112/EEC of 18 December 1978 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the labelling, presentation and advertising of foodstuffs for sale to the ultimate consumer (OJ 1979 L 33, p. 1) 6.48

EC Treaty

Art 10 (ex Art 5) 3.52

Art 28 7.89

Art 29 (ex Art 34) 3.52, 3.56, 4.43

Art 30 3.179

Art 169 3.44

Art 170 4.43

Art 173 3.166

Art 234 3.201

Art 307 (ex Art 234) 2.19

EEC Treaty 2.18

EU Treaty

Annex I 3.24, 3.26, 3.27

Treaty of Lisbon 9.02

CONVENTIONS AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

 

Agreement establishing the International Organisation of Vine and Wine 3 April 2001 2.36

GATT 1994 2.95, 2.97, 2.112, 2.182, 7.100

Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement, 2015 2.191–2.260

Art 1(vi) 2.192

Art 1(vii) 2.192

Art 2(1) 2.192

Art 2(2) 2.193

Art 3 2.194

Art 4 2.195

Art 5(1) 2.195, 2.208

Art 5(2) 2.195

Art 5(2)(ii) 2.196, 2.198, 2.203, 2.204, 2.214, 2.218, 2.225, 2.226, 2.238, 2.239, 2.243, 2.247, 2.250, 2.253, 2.255, 2.257, 2.259, 2.260

Art 5(3) 2.196, 2.203, 2.208, 2.214, 2.218, 2.225, 2.226, 2.227, 2.238, 2.239, 2.243, 2.247, 2.253, 2.255, 2.257, 2.259, 2.260

Art 5(4) 2.202

Art 5(4)(a) 2.209

Art 5(4)(b) 2.210

Art 6(1) 2.204

Art 6(2) 2.204

Art 6(3) 2.204

Art 6(4) 2.205

Art 6(5)(a) 2.206

Art 6(5)(b) 2.207

Art 8(1) 2.220, 2.255

Art 8(2) 2.255

Art 9 2.221

Art 10(1) 2.222

Art 10(2) 2.222, 2.254

Art 10(3) 2.222

Art 11(1) 2.223

Art 11(3) 2.224

Art 12 2.229

Art 13(1) 2.230

Art 13(2) 2.231

Art 13(3) 2.232

Art 13(4) 2.249

Art 14 2.233

Art 13(1) 2.224

Art 15 2.206, 2.249

Art 15(1)(a) 2.207, 2.234

Art 15(1)(b) 2.234

Art 15(2) 2.235

Art 15(3) 2.236

Art 15(4) 2.238

Art 15(5) 2.240

Art 16 2.241, 2.249

Art 17(1) 2.244, 2.245

Art 17(2) 2.245

Art 18 2.206, 2.248, 2.249

Art 18(3) 2.260

Art 19(1) 2.250

Art 19(2) 2.251

Art 19(3) 2.254

Art 20 2.216

Art 29(4) 2.234

Regulations/Rules 2.194, 2.197, 2.198, 2.199, 2.200, 2.201, 2.203, 2.211, 2.212, 2.213, 2.214, 2.215, 2.217, 2.218, 2.219, 2.225, 2.226, 2.227, 2.228, 2.234, 2.237, 2.239, 2.241, 2.242, 2.243, 2.245, 2.246, 2.247, 2.252, 2.253, 2.256, 2.257, 2.258, 2.259

International Convention on the Use of Appellations of Origin and Denominations of Cheeses (Stresa Convention) 1951 1.24, 2.02, 2.16–2.20

Arts 2–9 2.16

Art 2.1 2.16

Art 3 2.17, 3.195

Art 4.2 2.17

Annex A 2.17

Annex B 2.17

International Vine and Wine Office (Office International de la Vigne et du Vin, OIV)

Constituent instrument 1924 2.32

Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their Registration, 1958, as amended 1.26, 2.01, 2.02, 2.21–2.31, 2.191, 6.69

Art 1(2) 2.21

Art 2 1.24

Art 2(1) 2.23

Art 2(2) 2.23

Art 3 2.24

Art 4 2.21

Art 5 2.29, 2.30

Art 5(1) 2.25

Art 5(2) 2.26

Art 5(3) 2.27, 2.28

Art 5(4) 2.27

Art 5(5) 2.27

Art 5(6) 2,27

Art 6 2.30

Art 7 2.29

Art 7(1) 2.29

Art 8 2.27, 2.30

Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement, 2015 see Geneva Act 2.191–2.260

Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source of Goods 1891, as revised 1.24, 2.01, 2.11–2.15, 2.21

Art 1(1) 1.29, 2.11

Art 1(2) 2.11

Art 1(3) 2.11

Art 1(5) 2.11

Art 2(1) 2.12

Art 2(2) 2.12

Art 3 2.14

Art 3bis 2.13

Art 4 2.15

Additional Act of Stockholm (1967) 2.11

Madrid Protocol for the International Registration of Marks 6.156

Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property 1883, as revised 2.01, 2.03–2.10, 2.11, 2.21, 7.15, 7.16

Art 1(2) 2.06

Art 2(2) 2.03, 2.96

Art 2(3) 2.04

Art 8 6.169, 6.171, 6.172

Art 9(1) 2.05, 2.06, 2.150

Art 9(3) 2.05, 2.150

Art 10 1.24

Art 10(1) 2.06, 2.07

Art 10(2) 2.08, 2.48

Art 10bis 2.09

Stresa Convention see International Convention on the Use of Appellations of Origin and Denominations of Cheeses

TRIPS Agreement (Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights), WTO 1.04, 1.23, 1.26, 2.01, 2.02, 2.39–2.190, 2.191, 2.261, 3.15, 3.37, 4.193, 6.69, 6.76, 6.164, 7.01, 7.12, 7.16, 7.22, 7.28, 7.83, 7.100, 7.183, 7.190, 7.205, 7.206, 7.229

Pt II 2.51

Pt VII 2.39

Art 1(2) 6.171

Art 1.3 2.47

Art 2.1 2.48, 2.96, 6.169, 6.171

Art 3 2.95, 2.182

Art 4 2.95, 2.182

Art 6 2.182

Art 16 6.167

Art 16.1 2.53, 2.186, 6.169, 6.173

Art 17 2.98, 6.168

Art 22 1.25, 2.48, 2.63, 8.22, 8.55

Art 22.1 2.40, 2.41, 2.55, 8.75, 8.78, 8.81

Art 22.2 2.44, 2.46, 2.47, 2.53, 2.55

Art 22.3 2.54, 2.55

Art 22.4 2.55, 2.56, 2.67

Art 22.5 2.57

Art 23 1.10, 2.24, 2.48, 2.63, 2.74, 2.81, 2.88, 2.89, 2.91, 2.92, 2.93, 6.204, 8.55, 8.127, 8.160

Art 23.1 2.64, 2.87

Art 23.2 2.65, 2.66, 2.87, 6.78

Art 23.3 2.67, 8.93

Art 23.4 2.73, 2.86

Art 24.1 2.74, 2.84

Art 24.2 2.74, 2.85, 2.87

Art 24.3 2.50, 2.51

Arts 24.4–24.8 2.84, 8.26

Art 24.4 2.72, 8.55

Art 24.5 2.58, 8.55

Art 24.6 2.61, 2.71, 2.79, 8.55, 8.96

Art 24.7 2.59, 2.60, 8.55

Art 24.8 2.62

Art 24.9 2.49

Art 41 7.230

Art 41.1 2.101, 7.10, 7.230

Art 41.2 2.102, 7.21

Art 41.3 2.102

Art 41.4 2.103

Art 42 2.104, 2.105, 2.106, 2.107, 7.33

Art 43.1 2.108

Art 43.2 2.109

Art 44 2.117, 2.118, 2.126

Art 44.1 7.51

Art 45.1 2.129, 2.130, 2.132

Art 45.2 2.133, 2.134

Art 46 2.135, 2.137, 2.138, 2.140, 2.172, 2.177, 7.10, 7.189, 7.205, 7.210, 7.230

Art 47 2.141, 2.142, 2.143

Art 48.1 2.147

Art 50 2.113, 2.128

Art 50.1 2.113, 2.119

Art 50.2 2.114, 7.37

Art 50.3 2.114, 2.115

Art 50.4 2.115

Art 50.5 2.114

Art 50.6 2.115, 2.121, 2.165

Art 50.7 2.116, 7.43

Art 51 2.151, 2.153, 2.154, 2.155, 2.156, 2.162, 2.174

Art 52 2.157, 2.158

Art 53.1 2.159

Art 53.2 2.160, 2.161

Art 54 2.162

Art 55 2.160, 2.163, 2.164, 2.165, 2.166, 2.170

Art 56 2.166

Art 57 2.167, 2.168

Art 58 2.169

Art 58(b) 2.170

Art 58(c) 2.171

Art 59 2.172, 2.173, 2.174, 2.175, 2.176, 2.177, 7.189, 7.191, 7.192, 7.193, 7.211

Art 60 2.181, 7.101

Art 61 2.148, 2.149, 7.08, 7.09, 7.229

Art 64 2.94

Art 70(2) 2.184, 6.165

Art 70(4) 2.185, 6.166

Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes (DSU)

Art 4 2.94

Art 19.1 2.97

Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1.23, 2.39

WTO Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) 2.182

AGREEMENTS AND FTAS

 

Agreement between the European Community and the Swiss Confederation on trade in agricultural products 6.78, 8.17–8.33, 8.52–8.63

Agreements between the European Community and Australia on trade in wine 8.05–8.10

Agreement on trade in wine, EC and the Republic of South Africa 8.11–8.16

Agreement on trade in wine, European Community-USA 2006 8.34–8.40

EC-Bosnia-Herzegovina 2008 Interim Agreement on Trade and Trade-Related Matters 8.73–8.74

EC-Canada Agreement on Trade in Wines and Spirit Drinks 2004 8.75–8.83

EC-Chile Agreement 2002 8.84–8.89

EC-Montenegro, Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SSA) 2010 8.145–8.155

EC-South Africa Agreement on the trade in spirits 2002 8.43–8.51

EC-USA Agreement 1994 on the reciprocal recognition of names relating to distilled spirits and spirit drinks 8.64

EU-Albania Interim Agreement on trade and trade-related matters 2006 8.67–8.72

EU-Armenia Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement (CEPA) 2017, into force provisionally 2018 8.120–8.139

EU-Colombia/Peru Trade Agreement into force 2013 8.140–8.141

EU-Georgia Association Agreement on the mutual protection of GIs of agricultural products and foodstuffs 2013 8.142

EU-Iceland Protection of GIs for agricultural products and foodstuffs 2018 8.100–8.115

EU-Mexico Global Agreement 8.180

EU-Mexico Agreement for the mutual recognition and protection of designations for spirit drinks 1996 8.41–8.42

EU-Morocco Association Agreement, signed in February 1996, into force in March 2000 8.175

EU-Republic of Moldova Association Agreement with a DCFTA as an integral part 2014 8.143–8.144

EU-Serbia Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA), 2013 8.90–8.99, 8.116–8.120

EU-Singapore FTA, 29 June 2015 8.177

EU-Singapore FTA 2018 8.03

EU-Ukraine Association Agreement (AA) 2014, ratification pending 8.156–8.174

EU-Vietnam FTA, 20 January 2016 8.177

EU-Vietnam FTA 2017 8.03

US-Australia FTA 2005 7.32, 8.10

US-Peru FTA 7.32

US-Singapore FTA 7.32

NATIONAL LEGISLATION

Armenia

Civil Code 8.122

Law on Geographical Indications, HO-60-N adopted on 29.04.2010, entered into force on 01.07.2010 8.122

Australia

Patent Act 1990 7.30

Trade Marks Act (Cth) 3.206, 3.207

Trade Practices Act 1974 (Cth) 3.206, 8.01

Wine and Brandy Corporation Act 1980 8.06, 8.10

China

Regulations on Customs Protection of Intellectual Property Rights 2003 2.173, 7.189, 7.190, 7.205

France

Arret de la Cour du Parlement concernant la police des vins 1764 1.17

Decree of 4 August 1789 1.19

Law of 6 May 1919 concerning appellations d’origine 1.20

Law No 85–30 of 9 January 1985 on the development and protection of mountain regions 3.283

Consumer Act 2014 9.30

Germany

Law on beer purity of 1516 (‘Reinheitsgebot’), 1906 3.96

Law on Protection of Trade Marks and Other Signs, (‘Markengesetz’), 1994 3.172, 3.176, 6.33, 6.67

Act Against Unfair Competition (UWG) 3.173

Greece

Order 313025/94 of the Deputy Minister for Agriculture, FETA 3.85, 3.91

India

Patents Act 1970 7.30

Italy

Decree No 253 implementing Law No 26 of 13 February 1990 3.57

Law No 26/1990 Protection of the designation of origin ‘Prosciutto di Parma’ 3.57

Legislative Decree No 109/92 6.48, 6.49

Regio Decreto Legge No 1177, 1938 3.95

South Africa

Patent Act 1978 7.19

Spain

Decree No 157/88 3.52

Law No 25/70 3.51, 4.43

Rioja Rules 3.51, 3.52

United Kingdom

Enterprise Act 2002 2.146, 7.49

European Communities Act 1972 9.03

European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 9.03

Patent Act 1977–1988 7.19

Patents and Design Act 1919 7.19

Trade Marks Act 1994 6.55, 6.71, 6.72

[Withdrawal Agreement 9.04, 9.05, 9.20–9.28, 9.31]

Implementing Provisions (Commission Regulation (EEC) No 2454/93 as amended, in particular by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1602/2000 7.100

Zimbabwe

Patents Act 1971 7.19