Edited by Jürgen G. Backhaus
Chapter 35: Franz Böhm (1895–1977)
Heinz Grossekettler A survey of Böhm’s life and work Franz Böhm was born in Konstanz, in Baden, on 16 February 1895, the son of a jurist who was later to become the Badenese Minister of Education and Cultural Affairs. He passed the school-leaving examination in 1913, and after serving in the war he studied law in Freiburg. In 1922 and 1924 he passed the two examinations that German law students are required to take in order to complete their legal education. He then became a public prosecutor in Freiburg. As early as 1925, however, he moved to the Reich Ministry for Economics, where he was put in charge of the antitrust enforcement department. While he was employed there he worked on his doctoral thesis about the conﬂict between monopolists and outsiders. The dissertation was supervised by Heinrich Hoeniger, a professor of law, and completed in 1931. Böhm then wrote a post-doctoral thesis which was appraised by Hans Grossmann-Doerth, a jurist, and by Walter Eucken, a wellknown economist. The two theses were published together in a book entitled Wettbewerb und Monopolkampf (Competition and the struggle for monopoly) (Böhm, 1933). In order to become a professor at a German university, it is usual to gain a doctorate (Promotion) and qualify as a lecturer (Habilitation), and generally the professorship must be offered by a different university from the one where the scholar qualiﬁed. In 1937 Böhm was offered a chair at the University of Jena, but...
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