International Economic Law, Globalization and Developing Countries
Show Less

International Economic Law, Globalization and Developing Countries

Edited by Julio Faundez and Celine Tan

International Economic Law, Globalization and Developing Countries explores the impact of globalization on the international legal system, with a special focus on the implications for developing countries.
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 15: Biotechnology and the International Regulation of Food and Fuel Security in Developing Countries

Mary E. Footer


Mary E. Footer* 1. INTRODUCTION According to the United Nations, the world’s population is set to grow from the current 6.8 billion to surpass 9.1 billion in 2050, with subSaharan Africa and Asia accounting for a large proportion of the additional increase of 2.3 billion (UN, 2009c: vii, ix–x, 1). Already there is evidence that shows not only a rise in per capita food consumption but also changes in the geography of consumption. As household incomes around the world have risen, the current financial crisis notwithstanding, there has been a dietary shift in many developing countries away from vegetables and pulses to greater consumption of meat and dairy, with increased reliance on grain-fed livestock (Stamoulis et al., 2004: 155–8, 165). Additionally, some developing countries face high demand for biofuels1 from industrial countries where fossil fuels are being rapidly depleted. Increasingly, biofuels are being produced in developing countries like Brazil, China, India and Nigeria, with sugar cane and sweet sorghum as the basis for bioethanol.2 Meanwhile, Indonesia and Malaysia are turning acreage previously used for rubber production over to palm oil and * Professor of International Economic Law, School of Law, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK. 1 ‘Biofuels’ means any solid, liquid or gaseous fuel produced from ‘biomass’ for use in transport. 2 ‘Bioethanol’ (or simply ethanol) is a gasoline-type fuel made by fermenting sugars found in sugar-rich plants, such as sugar cane, maize, beet, cassava, wheat, sorghum or starch, into alcohol. 331 M2397 - FAUNDEZ PRINT.indd 331 28/9/10 11:...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.