Handbook of Creative Cities
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Handbook of Creative Cities

Edited by David Emanuel Andersson, Åke E. Andersson and Charlotta Mellander

With the publication of The Rise of the Creative Class by Richard Florida in 2002, the ‘creative city’ became the new hot topic among urban policymakers, planners and economists. Florida has developed one of three path-breaking theories about the relationship between creative individuals and urban environments. The economist Åke E. Andersson and the psychologist Dean Simonton are the other members of this ‘creative troika’. In the Handbook of Creative Cities, Florida, Andersson and Simonton appear in the same volume for the first time. The expert contributors in this timely Handbook extend their insights with a varied set of theoretical and empirical tools. The diversity of the contributions reflect the multidisciplinary nature of creative city theorizing, which encompasses urban economics, economic geography, social psychology, urban sociology, and urban planning. The stated policy implications are equally diverse, ranging from libertarian to social democratic visions of our shared creative and urban future.
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Chapter 9: Technology, Talent and Tolerance and Inter-regional Migration in Canada

Karen M. King


9 Technology, talent and tolerance and interregional migration in Canada Karen M. King INTRODUCTION In The Rise of the Creative Class, Richard Florida (2002) introduces the creative class theoretical framework and with it the occupational groupings of creative, service and working classes. Since its introduction, the creative class theory has been increasingly put into practice to encourage regional development and competitiveness. Florida (2002) argues that a region’s ability to attract the creative class in turn encourages innovative development and knowledge-based economic growth. The creative class consists of individuals employed in occupations whose economic value is the creation of new ideas and forms and is comprised of two groups: the ‘super-creative core’ and ‘creative professionals’. The concentration and diversity of the creative class and their creative capital can then be translated into innovations which drive economies forward. Therefore, those regions that are best able to attract and retain the creative class have the highest potential for economic growth in a knowledge economy. Florida (2002) found his ‘high-tech index’ to be strongly associated with the location of the creative class while his ‘melting pot’, ‘gay’ and ‘bohemian’ indices are strongly associated with the high-tech index for metropolitan areas in the United States in 2000, with similar findings in the Canadian context (Gertler et al., 2002). Although the majority of attention has focused on the creative class, the service and working classes also play important roles in the economy. While traditional measures of human capital use education, creative capital attempts to improve on...

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