Handbook of Creative Cities
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Handbook of Creative Cities

Edited by David Emanuel Andersson, Åke E. Andersson and Charlotta Mellander

With the publication of The Rise of the Creative Class by Richard Florida in 2002, the ‘creative city’ became the new hot topic among urban policymakers, planners and economists. Florida has developed one of three path-breaking theories about the relationship between creative individuals and urban environments. The economist Åke E. Andersson and the psychologist Dean Simonton are the other members of this ‘creative troika’. In the Handbook of Creative Cities, Florida, Andersson and Simonton appear in the same volume for the first time. The expert contributors in this timely Handbook extend their insights with a varied set of theoretical and empirical tools. The diversity of the contributions reflect the multidisciplinary nature of creative city theorizing, which encompasses urban economics, economic geography, social psychology, urban sociology, and urban planning. The stated policy implications are equally diverse, ranging from libertarian to social democratic visions of our shared creative and urban future.
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Chapter 23: Creative Milieus in the Stockholm Region

Börje Johansson and Johan Klaesson


Börje Johansson and Johan Klaesson In this chapter the Stockholm metropolitan region is presented as an example of how novelty-creation activities and occupations may unfold in an urban agglomeration. Why should we expect to find a stronger concentration of creative individuals and creativitydriven firms in large urban regions than elsewhere? In response to the posed question, the chapter makes use of the Stockholm region to stress phenomena such as multiplicity of interaction opportunities among novelty creators, innovators and potential users of the innovations. Using an analogy, it could be that a creative theatre life requires that actors, directors and audiences are in place. It also requires inflows from playwrights and stimuli from other theatre milieus. We give a number of historical examples to support this view, but start by presenting the Stockholm region in this context. THE STOCKHOLM REGION A brief description of Sweden’s economic geography in the year 2005 may take the following form. There are three metropolitan regions; Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. The population in the Stockholm region equals the sum in the two other regions. Close to half of the total population is located in the three metropolitan regions, and just below 40 per cent reside in 17 medium-sized urban regions. The remaining geography consists of about 50 small urban regions, hosting a bit more than 10 per cent of the population. Table 23.1 illustrates the development of the country’s urban regions during the period 1950 to 2005. What we observe is a process of population...

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