Minorities in Entrepreneurship
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Minorities in Entrepreneurship

An International Review

Glenice J. Wood, Marilyn J. Davidson and Sandra L. Fielden

Although there is an expanding body of literature on the characteristics, aspirations, motivations, challenges and barriers of mainstream entrepreneurs, relatively little is known about whether these findings can be applied to the entrepreneurial activities of minority groups. This book addresses this short-fall and presents an international review of the characteristics, motivations and obstacles of eight minority groups: younger; older; women; ethnic; immigrant; lesbian, gay and bisexual; disabled; and indigenous entrepreneurs.
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Chapter 8: Disabled Entrepreneurs

Glenice J. Wood, Marilyn J. Davidson and Sandra L. Fielden


Disabled people are probably better qualified to start and run their own business, having already overcome, or able to deal with their disability within their normal day-to-day living. Starting a business may seem daunting but when you are doing something that you really enjoy, it couldn’t be easier. (Albert Thompson, MD of Action Casualty Simulations [ACS])] INTRODUCTION It has been estimated that around 600 000 000 people, that is, approximately 10 per cent of the world’s populations, have a disability. According to Disabled World (2010): A disability is a condition or function judged to be significantly impaired, relative to the usual standard of an individual or group. The term is used to refer to individual functioning, including physical impairment, sensory impairment, cognitive impairment, intellectual impairment, mental illness and various types of chronic disease. Moreover, disabled individuals constitute 20 per cent of the world’s poorest persons in both developing and developed countries (Stein and Stein, 2007; De Klerk, 2008). In both the US and the UK, 18 per cent of the population has a disability and in the UK there are 10 million disabled, also constituting 18 per cent of the working population (US Census Bureau, 2006; Labour Force Survey, 2009). Certainly, percentage rates of the disabled in the workforce vary between countries. In Ireland for example, employment rates of disabled individuals aged 15 to 64 years with disability health problems are comparatively high at 37.1 per cent compared to 67 per cent of non-disabled (Cooney, 2008). In Canada on the...

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