Edited by Alan Carsrud and Malin Brännback
Chapter 5: Experimental methods in entrepreneurship research
In the early 1990s Ray Bagby, then the publisher of Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, organized an 'Interdisciplinary Conference on Entrepreneurship Theory' that was co-sponsored by Baylor University and the University of Baltimore. The purpose of the conference was to bring various disciplinary perspectives to the study of entrepreneurship. Results of the conference were published in two special issues of the journal, with Lanny Herron, Harry Sapienza and Deborah Smith-Cook as issue editors. The first special issue (1991, Vol. 16, No. 2) included a paper about theorizing in entrepreneurship and articles from the disciplinary perspectives of psychology, sociology, anthropology and economics. The second special issue (1992, Vol. 16, No. 3) concentrated on approaches from the business disciplines of organization behavior, marketing, finance and strategic management, concluding with a paper on the process of researching entrepreneurship. In that last paper, Hofer and Bygrave (1992, p._93) presented a set of characteristics of the entrepreneurial process. In part they argued that (a) the process 'is initiated by an act of human volition', (b) 'involves a change of state', (c) 'is a dynamic process' and (d) 'involves numerous antecedent variables'.
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