Integration for Third-Country Nationals in the European Union
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Integration for Third-Country Nationals in the European Union

The Equality Challenge

Edited by Sonia Morano-Foadi and Micaela Malena

This highly original book provides an innovative analysis of EU migration and asylum law and its interplay with equality issues in order to assess the current integration framework for third-country nationals and to explore future scenarios in the European Context.
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Chapter 6: Refugee integration in Italy: shortcomings and future scenarios

Micaela Malena


Within the implementation process of the EU Directives on qualification and asylum procedures–respectively transposed in 2007 and 2008–the Italian system has been significantly developing in terms of status determination mechanisms and protection rates, as well as in its reception capacity. However, the reception system for asylum-seekers, on the one hand, and the integration tools available for protection beneficiaries, on the other, have not grown symmetrically. Following the 2011 North Africa crisis and arrivals by sea from Libya, the number of asylum applications has increased thus also raising expectations on the effective capacity to grant adequate reception and integration standards to those in need of protection. According to relevant provisions of the Legislative Decree no. 251/07 (transposing the Qualification Directive), set out in compliance with the 1951 Geneva Convention on the refugee status, refugees shall be ensured the same treatment as Italian citizens with regard to access to employment (Art. 25, D.Lgs. 251/07), education (Art. 26), health and social assistance (Art. 27).

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