Regulating Disasters, Climate Change and Environmental Harm
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Regulating Disasters, Climate Change and Environmental Harm

Lessons from the Indonesian Experience

Edited by Michael Faure and Andri Wibisana

This book deals with questions concerning the regulation of disasters, climate change and environmental harm in developing countries, focusing on the particular case of Indonesia and addressing regulatory problems from a multidisciplinary perspective.
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Chapter 5: REDD+ in Indonesia. Law and governance perspectives

Mas Achmad Santosa and Josi Khatarina


Climate change has a systematic impact on different aspects of life in Indonesia. One of the noticeable impacts relates to increasing occurrences of accidents and disasters that are climate related. From 1997 to 2007 the ten largest disasters occurred after 1990 which show the intensity and more frequent occurrence of climate-related disasters. Those ten disasters were predicted to cause 26 billion dollars of economic loss. Climate change also has a serious impact on agriculture which has become the source of income for 40 per cent of the Indonesian workforce. For the marine sector, the rise of the sea level has caused a loss of ground at the coast as well as moral reef bleaching. The impact of climate change has also lead to an increase in the spread of epidemic illnesses such as malaria, dengue, cholera anddiarrhoea. In the Second National Communication, it is reported that the majority of Indonesia’s greenhouse gases (GHGs) come from land use change and from the forestry sector (46 per cent), followed by energy (24 percent), peat fire (12 per cent), waste (11 per cent), agriculture (5 per cent) and industry (2 per cent). Therefore, a programme related to Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (abbreviated as REDD), which was adopted at the 13th session of the Conference of Parties (COP to the UN 13) Framework Convention on Climate Change has a great priority.

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