Handbook of Research Methods in Diversity Management, Equality and Inclusion at Work
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Handbook of Research Methods in Diversity Management, Equality and Inclusion at Work

Edited by Lize A.E. Booysen, Regine Bendl and Judith K. Pringle

Equality, diversity and inclusion (EDI) have become features of organizations as a result of both legal and societal advances, as well as neoliberal economic reasoning and considerations. Current research approaches frequently fall short of addressing the challenges faced in EDI research, and this benchmark Handbook brings up to date coverage of research methods in EDI, and advances the development of research in the field.
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Chapter 9: Feminist methods and the study of gendering of organizations over time

Albert J. Mills and Jean Helms Mills


In this chapter we argue that it is important to study the role of history in current practices of gender differences. In particular we are interested in understanding how discriminatory practices develop, are maintained and change over time, and how these processes influence current relationships. We begin with a brief outline of the importance of studying past events and their role in shaping discriminatory ideas and practices. We then focus on the problematic role of studying history by examining three competing philosophical approaches, namely, modernism (single, factual accounts), postmodernism (relativist, discursive and plural accounts) and amodernism (relational multiple accounts), and their implications for research strategies. We draw on examples from commercial aviation to provide understanding of how each of these research strategies can be applied and their contrasting strengths and weaknesses. In the process, the key concepts we discuss are feminist theory, archival research, junctures, history, the past and ANTi-History.

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