Handbook of Research Methods in Diversity Management, Equality and Inclusion at Work
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Handbook of Research Methods in Diversity Management, Equality and Inclusion at Work

Edited by Lize A.E. Booysen, Regine Bendl and Judith K. Pringle

Equality, diversity and inclusion (EDI) have become features of organizations as a result of both legal and societal advances, as well as neoliberal economic reasoning and considerations. Current research approaches frequently fall short of addressing the challenges faced in EDI research, and this benchmark Handbook brings up to date coverage of research methods in EDI, and advances the development of research in the field.
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Chapter 15: Meta-analytic research in the field of EDI: a review of some current findings and identification of opportunities for future research

Kevin B. Lowe and E. Holly Buttner


In this chapter we discuss and describe the purpose of meta-analysis in the context of diversity research and suggest meta-analysis as an ideal bridge for merging qualitative and quantitative review approaches. We describe strengths and limitations of meta-analysis for answering a variety of research questions and review the results of meta-analytic findings in the EDI literature. We extend this discussion to identify current gaps in the EDI literature, with diversity climate as one exemplar, that have a sufficient number of reported studies to employ meta-analysis. We then briefly review the strengths and weaknesses of popular software packages for conducting meta-analysis. We conclude by urging EDI researchers to conduct meta-analyses as one method for aggregating the disparate findings often observed in an increasingly rich EDI literature.

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