Developing National Systems of Innovation
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Developing National Systems of Innovation

University–Industry Interactions in the Global South

Edited by Eduardo Albuquerque, Wilson Suzigan, Glenda Kruss and Keun Lee

Interactions between firms and universities are key building blocks of innovation systems. This book focuses on those interactions in developing countries, presenting studies based on fresh empirical material prepared by research teams in 12 countries from three continents. The result is a more universal and dynamic view of the shaping and reshaping of interactions between firms and universities throughout different countries and phases of development. There are dimensions of those interactions that cannot be seen in the US, Europe or Japan. There are aspects and features of interactions that cannot be seen when we investigate Uganda, China or Mexico alone. In a time of increasing internationalization, interactions between firms and universities must be investigated tracking their international linkages. Professor Richard Nelson (Columbia University) writes in his preface: "The studies reported in this book are among the first to be directed to what is going on in developing countries".
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Chapter 7: Matrices of university–firm interactions in Latin America

Eduardo Albuquerque, Wilson Suzigan, Valeria Arza and Gabriela Dutrénit


Investigations of interactions between firms and universities have a long tradition in the evolutionary economics literature. The subject of this chapter – matrices that relate economic sectors to science and engineering (S & E) fields – builds on this tradition. We refer to the contributions by Rosenberg (1972, 1982) on lessons from history; Freeman and Soete (1997) and Colyvas et al. (2002) on case studies of technologies, inventions, and technology transfer from universities and research institutes to firms; Schmoch (1997) on patents from research institutes and papers from firms; Narin and Noma (1985), Narin et al. (1997), NSB (2002, 2004, 2006), Verbeek et al. (2002), Callaert et al. (2006) and Ribeiro et al. (2010) on non-patent references in patents; Zitt et al. (2003) on geographical co-localization of patents and papers; and finally Klevorick et al. (1995) and Cohen et al. (2002) on sources of technological opportunities and how US manufacturing firms use and value knowledge flows from universities and research institutes. The last two contributions, the Yale survey on industrial research and development (Yale survey) and the Carnegie Mellon survey on industrial research and development (R & D) (CM survey), are particularly relevant to the purposes of this chapter because they both use survey data. Cohen et al. (2002) prepared the first matrix of interaction between industrial sectors and S & E fields for the US.

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