Handbook on the Geographies of Globalization
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Handbook on the Geographies of Globalization

Edited by Robert C. Kloosterman, Virginie Mamadouh and Pieter Terhorst

Processes of globalization have changed the world in many, often fundamental, ways. Increasingly these processes are being debated and contested. This Handbook offers a timely, rich as well as critical panorama of these multifaceted processes with up-to-date chapters by renowned specialists from many countries. It comprises chapters on the historical background of globalization, different geographical perspectives (including world systems analysis and geopolitics), the geographies of flows (of people, goods and services, and capital), and the geographies of places (including global cities, clusters, port cities and the impact of climate change).
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Chapter 24: Globalization and the incremental impact on the security and defense sector

Soul Park


Advances in globalization have produced two interrelated shifts in the security and defense sector. First, the growing interconnectedness and interactions have led to changes in how we conceptualize the global marketplace of security services due to the broadening of the modes of political violence and the emergence of transnational actors. Second, the technological innovation and information revolution brought about by globalization have forced national governments to seek external opportunities for the development of its arms industry – the global network of arms production. Yet, the increasing privatization of security and the global chain of arms production and development in the post-Cold War era remains an incremental process.

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