The G20 and International Relations Theory
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The G20 and International Relations Theory

Perspectives on Global Summitry

Edited by Steven Slaughter

The future of the G20 is uncertain despite being developed to address the 2008 global financial crisis. This book considers the significance of the G20 by engaging various accounts of International Relations theory to examine the political drivers of this form of global governance. International Relations theory represents an array of perspectives that analyse the factors that drive the G20, how the G20 influences world politics and in what ways the G20 could or should be reformed in the future.
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Chapter 5: A constructivist approach to the G20

Jonathan Luckhurst

Abstract

This chapter examines the constructivist approach with respect to analyzing the G20. It begins with a broad overview of developments in constructivism since the 1990s, then indicates how recent constructivist scholars have built on earlier studies. The subsequent discussion focuses on the author’s research, which integrates constructivist insights with conceptual tools from other approaches, in analyzing global economic governance and the G20. It emphasizes how actors’ strategic, political, and cognitive authority influences the G20, as well as assessing constructivist understandings of the significance of organizational and policy norms, practices, and socialization. This includes an analysis of the construction of new policy norms and practices since the global financial crisis of 2008–09, for example in the contexts of macroprudential financial regulation and sustainable development. The chapter concludes that constructivist IR provides useful insights for enhancing the legitimacy of the G20.

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